|47th United States Congress|
United States Capitol (1877)
March 4, 1881 - March 4, 1883
|Senate President||Chester A. Arthur (R) |
(until September 19, 1881)
(from September 19, 1881)
|Senate Pres. pro tem||Thomas F. Bayard (D)|
David Davis (I)
George F. Edmunds (R)
|House Speaker||J. Warren Keifer (R)|
8 non-voting delegates
|Special: March 4, 1881 - May 20, 1881|
Special: October 10, 1881 - October 29, 1881
1st: December 5, 1881 - August 8, 1882
2nd: December 4, 1882 - March 3, 1883
The 47th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1881, to March 4, 1883, during the first and only year of James Garfield's presidency, and the first two years of his successor, Chester Arthur's tenure. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The House had a Republican majority; the Senate was evenly divided.
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||42||0||31||1||1[a]||75||1|
|Final voting share||48.7%||1.3%||48.7%||1.3%||0.0%|
|Beginning of next congress||36||2||38||0||0||76||0|
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||146||4||1||11||0||129||291||2|
|Final voting share||44.5%||0.3%||0.3%||3.1%||0.3%||51.4%|
|Beginning of next congress||196||3||6||2||1||117||325||1|
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.
Members' names are preceded by their district numbers.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.
|Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Wisconsin (3)||Vacant||Senator Matthew H. Carpenter died in the previous congress.
Successor elected March 14, 1881.
|Angus Cameron (R)||March 14, 1881|
|Maine (2)||James G. Blaine (R)||Resigned March 5, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of State.
Successor elected March 18, 1881.
|William P. Frye (R)||March 15, 1881|
|Iowa (2)||Samuel J. Kirkwood (R)||Resigned March 7, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Successor appointed March 8, 1881, to continue the term.
Appointee elected January 25, 1882, to finish the term.
|James W. McDill (R)||March 8, 1881|
|Minnesota (2)||William Windom (R)||Resigned March 7, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
Successor appointed March 12, 1881, to continue the term.
|Alonzo J. Edgerton (R)||March 12, 1881|
|New York (1)||Thomas C. Platt (R)||Resigned May 16, 1881, as a protest against federal appointments made in New York.
Successor elected October 11, 1881.
|Warner Miller (R)||July 27, 1881|
|New York (3)||Roscoe Conkling (R)||Resigned May 16, 1881, as a protest against federal appointments made in New York.
Successor elected October 11, 1881.
|Elbridge G. Lapham (R)||August 2, 1881|
|Rhode Island (1)||Ambrose Burnside (R)||Died September 13, 1881.
Successor elected October 5, 1881.
|Nelson W. Aldrich (R)||October 5, 1881|
|Minnesota (2)||Alonzo J. Edgerton (R)||Interim appointee replaced by successor elected October 30, 1881.||William Windom (R)||November 15, 1881|
|Colorado (2)||Henry M. Teller (R)||Resigned April 17, 1882, to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Successor appointed April 17, 1882.
|George M. Chilcott (R)||April 17, 1882|
|Georgia (2)||Benjamin H. Hill (D)||Died August 16, 1882.
Successor elected November 15, 1882.
|M. Pope Barrow (D)||November 15, 1882|
|Colorado (2)||George M. Chilcott (R)||Interim appointee replaced by successor elected January 27, 1883.||Horace Tabor (R)||January 27, 1883|
|District||Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Michigan 7||Vacant||Rep. Omar D. Conger resigned during previous congress||John T. Rich (R)||April 5, 1881|
|New York 9||Vacant||Rep. Fernando Wood resigned during previous congress||John Hardy (D)||December 5, 1881|
|Maine 2||William P. Frye (R)||Resigned March 17, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator.||Nelson Dingley Jr. (R)||September 12, 1881|
|New York 11||Levi P. Morton (R)||Resigned March 21, 1881 to become U.S. Minister to France.||Roswell P. Flower (D)||November 8, 1881|
|South Carolina 2||Michael P. O'Connor (D)||Died April 26, 1881, during a contested election. Dibble presented credentials to replace him due to his death.||Samuel Dibble (D)||June 9, 1881|
|New York 22||Warner Miller (R)||Resigned July 26, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator.||Charles R. Skinner (R)||November 8, 1881|
|New York 27||Elbridge G. Lapham (R)||Resigned July 29, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator.||James W. Wadsworth (R)||November 8, 1881|
|Rhode Island 1||Nelson W. Aldrich (R)||Resigned October 5, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator.
Successor elected November 22, 1881.
|Henry J. Spooner (R)||December 5, 1881|
|Missouri 2||Thomas Allen (D)||Died April 8, 1882||James H. McLean (R)||December 15, 1882|
|Mississippi 6||James R. Chalmers (D)||Lost contested election April 29, 1882||John R. Lynch (R)||April 29, 1882|
|South Carolina 2||Samuel Dibble (D)||Lost contested election May 31, 1882, during an election originally contested with Michael P. O'Connor. Dibble presented credentials to replace him until Mackey was determined to be the victor under terms of the original election.||Edmund W. M. Mackey (IR)||May 31, 1882|
|Florida 2||Jesse J. Finley (D)||Lost contested election June 1, 1882||Horatio Bisbee Jr. (R)||June 1, 1882|
|Alabama 8||Joseph Wheeler (D)||Lost contested election June 3, 1882||William M. Lowe (G)||June 3, 1882|
|Illinois 5||Robert M. A. Hawk (R)||Died June 29, 1882||Robert R. Hitt (R)||November 7, 1882|
|South Carolina 5||George D. Tillman (D)||Lost contested election July 19, 1882||Robert Smalls (R)||July 19, 1882|
|Alabama 4||Charles M. Shelley (D)||Election contested by James Q. Smith.
Seat declared vacant July 20, 1882.
Shelley re-elected to fill seat.
|Charles M. Shelley (D)||November 7, 1882|
|Alabama 8||William M. Lowe (G)||Died October 12, 1882||Joseph Wheeler (D)||January 15, 1883|
|Georgia 8||Alexander H. Stephens (D)||Resigned November 4, 1882 when elected Governor of Georgia.||Seaborn Reese (D)||December 4, 1882|
|Ohio 16||Jonathan T. Updegraff (R)||Died November 30, 1882||Joseph D. Taylor (R)||January 2, 1883|
|Indiana 9||Godlove S. Orth (R)||Died December 16, 1882||Charles T. Doxey (R)||January 17, 1883|
|North Carolina 3||John W. Shackelford (D)||Died January 18, 1883||Vacant||Not filled this term|
|Missouri 3||Richard G. Frost (D)||Lost contested election March 2, 1883||Gustavus Sessinghaus (R)||March 2, 1883|
|Iowa 6||Marsena E. Cutts (R)||Lost election contest March 3, 1883||John C. Cook (D)||March 3, 1883|
Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.