4 World Trade Center
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4 World Trade Center

4 World Trade Center
4 WTC May 17 2013.jpg
Alternative names4 WTC
150 Greenwich Street
General information
TypeOffice, Retail
Architectural styleModern
Location150 Greenwich Street
New York City, New York, U.S.
Coordinates40°42?37?N 74°00?43?W / 40.710409°N 74.011933°W / 40.710409; -74.011933Coordinates: 40°42?37?N 74°00?43?W / 40.710409°N 74.011933°W / 40.710409; -74.011933
August 2009
OpenedNovember 13, 2013[1]
CostUSD $1.67 billion[2]
OwnerSilverstein Properties
Roof978 ft (298 m)
Top floor74[3]
Technical details
Floor count78 (including 4 basement floors)
Floor area2,500,004 sq ft (232,258.0 m2)
Design and construction
ArchitectFumihiko Maki
DeveloperSilverstein Properties
Structural engineerLeslie E. Robertson Associates
Main contractorTishman Realty & Construction

4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978-foot-tall (298 m) building.[8] It houses the headquarters of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).[9]

The building's groundbreaking took place in January 2008, and it opened to tenants and the public on November 13, 2013.[10] As of 2016, it is the third tallest skyscraper at the rebuilt World Trade Center, behind One and 3 World Trade Center. However, 2 World Trade Center is expected to surpass the height of both 3 and 4 WTC upon completion.[11] The total floor space of the building includes 1.8 million square feet (167,000 square meters) of office and retail space.[12]

Original building (1975-2001)

The original 4 World Trade Center was a 9-story low-rise office building completed in 1975 that was 118 ft (36 m) tall, and located in the southeast corner of the World Trade Center site. The first tenants moved into the building in January 1977.[13] The building's major tenants were Deutsche Bank (Floor 4, 5, and 6) and the New York Board of Trade (Floors 7, 8, and 9). The building's side facing Liberty Street housed the entrance to The Mall at the World Trade Center on the basement concourse level of the WTC. It was practically destroyed as a result of the collapse of the South Tower during the September 11 attacks and its remains were later demolished to make way for the construction of the new skyscrapers: Four World Trade Center and Three World Trade Center. 4 World Trade Center was home to five commodities exchanges on what was at the time one of the world's largest trading floors (featured in the Eddie Murphy movie Trading Places). Following the destruction of the building during 9/11, rescuers and surveyors exploring the building's basement discovered large amounts of gold and silver bullion in the vault; a sizeable amount of coins that had been stored there by the Bank of Nova Scotia were purchased in 2002 as cleanup efforts began by Lee S. Minshull of California, who then submitted the coins to PCGS for grading; these coins bear unique labels on their holders, and have since entered the hands of collectors.[14]

FL# Companies
9 New York Board of Trade
8 New York Board of Trade
7 New York Board of Trade,[15] Gelderman, Inc.,[15] Overseas-Chinese Banking Corp.,[15]New York Stock Exchange
6 Deutsche Bank[15]
5 Deutsche Bank,[15] Green Coffee Association
4 Deutsche Bank[15]
L Tony Gemelli's Restaurant & Bar,[15]Marche Restaurant, Flowers of the World, XandO-Cosi, Sam Goody, Structure, Banana Republic
C The Mall at the World Trade Center

Current building


Groundbreaking took place in 2008. The building reached street level in November 2009. The safety cocoon was installed December 2010. The first glass was installed May 2011. In November 2010, three PureCell fuel cells were delivered at the World Trade Center site which together will provide about 30% of the tower's power.[16] The structural engineer for the building is Leslie E. Robertson Associates, New York City.[17]

On February 16, 2012, one of the building's construction crane cables snapped while lifting steel, causing the steel to fall 40 stories from the building, landing on a flat bed truck. No injuries were reported. Construction on the building eventually resumed after the accident.[18]

On June 25, 2012, steel topped out at floor 72.[19] Structural steel and concrete completed by June 1, 2013, followed by the removal of construction fencing in September 2013 and the building's opening on November 13, 2013.[20] Cost of construction of 4 World Trade Center was US$1.67 billion, funded by insurance funds and Liberty bonds.[2] The first tenants to move in were two government agencies,[21] and as of July 2015, the building is 62% leased.[22]


Layout and occupancy

4 World Trade Center reflecting water of the Hudson River, viewed from One World Observatory in 2017

The above-ground portion of the building dedicated for retail use (which consists of the ground floor, the three floors immediately above the ground floor as well as the two floors below ground), accommodates offices using two distinct floor shapes. From floors 7 through 46, the typical floor space is 36,350 square feet (3,376 square meters) in the shape of a parallelogram (which is designed to echo the configuration of the site).[11] From floors 48 through 63 the floor space is 28,000 sq ft (2,600 square meters) in the shape of a trapezoid, shaped so that it opens toward the tip of Manhattan Island and also triangulated to face One World Trade Center. The tower includes five levels of mechanical floors.[11] The New York Power Authority selected UTC Power to provide 12 PureCell Model 400 fuel cells that will be used to provide electricity, water and heat. According to the developer, the systems combined will rank as one of the largest installations of fuel cells in the world.[16] The upper floors of the building have no interior columns.

The PANYNJ is headquartered in 4 World Trade Center,[23] leasing approximately 600,766 square feet (55,813.0 m2) in 4 World Trade Center for its new headquarters.[11][24] PANYNJ was formerly headquartered at 1 World Trade Center in the first World Trade Center complex before it was destroyed.[25] Afterwards the PANYNJ moved into 225 Park Avenue South in Midtown Manhattan, before returning to the World Trade Center in 2015.[26]

The lower levels of the building are used by retail businesses, including Eataly,[27] and connects via an underground "retail and transportation concourse" to the PATH's World Trade Center station and the New York City Subway's WTC Cortlandt station.[11] The city of New York also plans to lease 581,642 square feet (54,036.3 m2) of space, which is not in use yet, in the completed building.[24] A February 2017 announcement by Spotify that it would lease floors 62 through 72 for its United States headquarters, along with a subsequent expansion announcement that July, brought 4 World Trade Center to full occupancy.[28][29]SportsNet New York, carrier of New York Mets broadcasts, moved its headquarters from 1271 Avenue of the Americas to an 83,000 square feet (7,700 m2) facility in 4 WTC.[30]

The building's elevators are supplied by Schindler, and are the second fastest in North America at 9 m/s (1800 fpm).[31]

See also


  1. ^ "|| World Trade Center ||". Wtc.com. December 31, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. "A 977-Foot Tower You May Not See, Assuming You've Even Heard of It". City Room. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Stacking Diagram | 4 World Trade Center | Silverstein Properties". 4wtc.com. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ 4 World Trade Center at Emporis
  5. ^ "4 World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.
  6. ^ 4 World Trade Center at Structurae
  7. ^ "4 World Trade Center". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "Designs for the Three World Trade Center Towers Unveiled" (Press release). Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. September 7, 2006. Retrieved 2010.
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved on January 5, 2019. "The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Corporate Offices 4 World Trade Center 150 Greenwich Street New York, NY 10007"
  10. ^ Newman, Andy; Correal, Annie (November 13, 2013). "New York Today: Skyward". The New York Times.
  11. ^ a b c d e 150 Greenwich St., Maki and Associates, Architectural Fact Sheet - September 2006. Retrieved February 9, 2007
  12. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (May 3, 2006). "Richard Rogers to Design Tower at Ground Zero". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006.
  13. ^ History of the Twin Towers.PANYNJ.gov. 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2015
  14. ^ "'Sept. 11' Coins Carry Hefty Markups, Baggage". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ a b Troianovski, Anton (November 1, 2010). "WTC Taps Fuel Cells". The Wall Street Journal.
  17. ^ Post, Nadine M. (September 18, 2006). "Ground Zero Office Designs Hailed as Hopeful Symbols". Engineering News-Record. p. 12.
  18. ^ Rosenberg, Rebecca; Messing, Philip (February 17, 2012). "35-ton WTC plunge". New York Post. Retrieved 2012.
  19. ^ http://m.citybizlist.com/city/details/18/215317[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Lower Manhattan: 4 World Trace Center (150 Greenwich Street)". Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  21. ^ "NYC's World Trade Tower Opens 40% Empty in Revival". Bloomberg.com. November 12, 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ July 29, 2015. "Silverstein Signs Four More Tenants at 4WTC". Real Estate Weekly. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved 2015. - via HighBeam (subscription required)
  23. ^ "Contact Us." Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved on January 5, 2019. "The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Corporate Offices 4 World Trade Center 150 Greenwich Street New York, NY 10007"
  24. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (July 9, 2008). "Answers About Ground Zero Rebuilding". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008.
  25. ^ "About." Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. February 7, 2001. Retrieved on January 5, 2019. "Mailing Address: The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey 67 West # 1 World Trade Center New York, NY 10048"
  26. ^ Dunlap, David W. (March 4, 2015). "With Newfound Modesty, Port Authority Returns to the World Trade Center". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019. After 14 years near Union Square, the agency's headquarters have returned to a spot at the World Trade Center, where they had been from 1973 until Sept. 11, 2001.[...]the interim board room at 225 Park Avenue South, at East 18th Street.
  27. ^ Fishbein, Rebecca. "First Look Inside The Gigantic New Eataly Location At 4 World Trade Center". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ "Spotify deal makes 4 World Trade Center the complex's first fully leased tower". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ "Spotify Expands by 100K SF at 4 WTC, Bringing Tower to Full Occupancy". Commercial Observer. July 5, 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "Mets broadcaster SportsNet moves HQ to 4 WTC". The Real Deal. November 9, 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ "Spotify Will Move to WTC; Expand Staff by 1,000". The Wall Street Journal. February 15, 2017. Retrieved 2017.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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