5th Congressional District of Tennessee
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5th Congressional District of Tennessee
Tennessee's 5th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 88.68% urban[1]
  • 11.32% rural
Population (2016)762,535[2]
Median household
income
$57,116[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+7[4]

The 5th congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Democrat Jim Cooper since January 2003.

Current boundaries

The district is located slightly northwest of the state's geographical center. It is currently composed of Davidson and Dickson counties, as well as most of Cheatham County. It is the only Tennessee congressional district which does not border another state.

Characteristics

The fifth district is nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities (its old nickname was "the Athens of the South"). It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".[5]

The district stretches west of Nashville, and into Cheatham and Dickson counties, which are far less suburbanized than the communities to the south and east of Nashville.

Political characteristics

The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham County, as well as Dickson County. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville.

No Republican has represented Nashville in Congress since Horace Harrison in 1875.[6]

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 57% - George W. Bush 42%
2004 President John Kerry 52% - George W. Bush 48%
2008 President Barack Obama 57.5% - John McCain 41.3%
2012 President Barack Obama 56% - Mitt Romney 42.5%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 56.5% - Donald Trump 38.2%

History

Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.[7]

From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.

Priest died just before the Election of 1956,[8] and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.[9]

Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until 1977, when retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville.

Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 70s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years where Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was Davidson County and only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)[7]

Once Fulton was Nashville mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (Nov.1975- Jun.1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack he'd suffered a month earlier.[10]

In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville.

Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement ended up serving seven terms in Congress, where he served Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democratic congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.[11]

Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open US Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democratic nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander.[12] Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor.

Jim Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center.[13] As of summer 2019, he is in his ninth term in Congress.

List of members representing the district

Member
(Residence)
Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1813
Grundy-felix-by-wb-cooper.jpg
Felix Grundy
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 -
July 1814
13th Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1813.
Resigned.
Bedford, Davidson, Lincoln, Rutherford, and Williamson counties
Vacant July 1814 -
September 16, 1814
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg
Newton Cannon
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican September 16, 1814 -
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected to finish Grundy's term.
Re-elected in 1815.
Lost re-election.
Grand Master Thomas Claiborne.jpg
Thomas Claiborne
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 -
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1817.
[data unknown/missing]
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg
Newton Cannon
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 -
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
[data unknown/missing]
Robert Allen
(Carthage)
Democratic-Republican[a] March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
[data unknown/missing]
Smith, Sumner, and Wilson counties
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
Robert Desha
(Gallatin)
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 -
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
[data unknown/missing]
Hall-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg
William Hall
(Sumner County)
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 -
March 3, 1833
22nd [data unknown/missing]
John B. Forester
([data unknown/missing])
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd
24th
[data unknown/missing]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
[data unknown/missing]
HLTurney.jpg
Hopkins L. Turney
(Winchester)
Democratic March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Hon. Jones - NARA - 528402.jpg
George Washington Jones
(Fayetteville)
Democratic March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1853
28th
29th
30th
31st
32nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Charles Ready
(Murfreesboro)
Whig March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd
34th
35th
[data unknown/missing]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1859
Hon. Robert Hatton, Tenn - NARA - 528692.jpg
Robert H. Hatton
(Lebanon)
Opposition March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 3, 1861 -
July 24, 1866
37th
38th
39th
American Civil War
Campbell-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg
William B. Campbell
(Wilson County)
Unionist July 24, 1866 -
March 3, 1867
39th [data unknown/missing]
John Trimble
(Nashville)
Republican March 4, 1867 -
March 3, 1869
40th [data unknown/missing]
William f prosser congress.jpg
William F. Prosser
(Nashville)
Republican March 4, 1869 -
March 3, 1871
41st [data unknown/missing]
Edward Golladay.jpg
Edward I. Golladay
(Lebanon)
Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd [data unknown/missing]
Horace Harrison - Brady-Handy.jpg
Horace Harrison
(Nashville)
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
JohnMorganBright.jpg
John M. Bright
(Fayetteville)
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1881
44th
45th
46th
Redistricted from the 4th district.
[data unknown/missing]
Richard Warner (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Richard Warner
(Lewisburg)
Democratic March 4, 1881 -
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
[data unknown/missing]
James D Richardson.jpg
James D. Richardson
(Murfreesboro)
Democratic March 4, 1885 -
March 3, 1905
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
[data unknown/missing]
William C. Houston.jpg
William C. Houston
(Woodbury)
Democratic March 4, 1905 -
March 3, 1919
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
[data unknown/missing]
Ewin L. Davis (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Ewin L. Davis
(Tullahoma)
Democratic March 4, 1919 -
March 3, 1933
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Joseph Byrns.jpg
Jo Byrns
(Nashville)
Democratic March 4, 1933 -
June 4, 1936
73rd
74th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Died.
Vacant June 4, 1936 -
January 3, 1937
74th
Richard M. Atkinson
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1939
75th [data unknown/missing]
JosephWByrnsJr.jpg
Jo Byrns Jr.
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1939 -
January 3, 1941
76th [data unknown/missing]
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg
Percy Priest
(Nashville)
Independent Democratic January 3, 1941 -
January 3, 1943
77th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Mccord-jim-nance.jpg
Jim Nance McCord
(Lewisburg)
Democratic January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1945
78th [data unknown/missing]
Harold Earthman
(Murfreesboro)
Democratic January 3, 1945 -
January 3, 1947
79th [data unknown/missing]
Joe L. Evins.jpg
Joe L. Evins
(Smithville)
Democratic January 3, 1947 -
January 3, 1953
80th
81st
82nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg
Percy Priest
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1953 -
October 12, 1956
83rd
84th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Died.
Vacant October 12, 1956 -
January 3, 1957
84th
J. Carlton Loser (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
J. Carlton Loser
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1957 -
January 3, 1963
85th
86th
87th
[data unknown/missing]
Richard Fulton.jpg
Richard Fulton
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1963 -
August 14, 1975
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Mayor of Nashville.
Vacant August 14, 1975 -
November 25, 1975
94th
Clifford Allen.jpg
Clifford Allen
(Nashville)
Democratic November 25, 1975 -
June 18, 1978
94th
95th
Elected to finish Fulton's term.
Died.
Vacant June 18, 1978 -
January 3, 1979
Bill Boner.jpg
Bill Boner
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 1979 -
October 5, 1987
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Mayor of Nashville.
BobClement.jpg
Bob Clement
(Nashville)
Democratic January 19, 1988 -
January 3, 2003
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected to finish Boner's term.
Re-elected later in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Jim Cooper, Official Portrait, ca2013.jpg
Jim Cooper
(Nashville)
Democratic January 3, 2003 -
Present
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Davidson County, Dickson, and Cheatham counties.

Recent election results

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2004: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 168,970 69.3 +5.5
Republican Scott Knapp 74,978 30.7 -2.5
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 15 0.0

Source: Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2006: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 122,919 69.0 -0.3
Republican Thomas F. Kovach 49,702 27.9 -2.8
Independent Ginny Welsch 3,766 2.1
Independent Scott Knapp 1,755 1.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2008: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 181,467 65.8 -3.2
Republican Gerard Donovan 85,471 31.0 +3.1
Independent Jon Jackson 5,464 2.0
Green John Miglietta 3,196 1.2
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 4 0.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2010: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 99,162 56.2 -9.6
Republican David Hall 74,204 42.1 +11.1
Libertarian Stephen Collings 584 .3
Independent John "Big John" Smith 533 .3
Independent Jackie Miller 444 .3
Green John Miglietta 396 .2 -1
Independent Bill Crook 391 .2
Independent James Whitfield 333 .2
Independent Joe Moore 159 .1
Independent Clark Taylor 156 .1

Source: TN Department of State

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2012: District 5 (Unofficial)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,358 65.22 +9.0
Republican Brad Staats 86,153 32.79 -9.3
Green John Miglietta 5,208 1.98 +1.8

Source: TN Department of State

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2014: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 96,148 62.32 -2.9
Republican Bob Ries 55,078 35.70 +2.91
Independent Paul Deakin 9,634 6.24 +6.2

Source: [1]

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2016: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,111 62.55 +0.23
Republican Stacy Ries Snyder 102,433 37.44 +1.74

Source: [2]

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2018: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 177,923 67.84 +5.29
Republican Jody M. Ball 84,317 32.15 -5.29

Source: [3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

References

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010707123558/http://www.bmi.com/library/brochures/historybook/musiccity.asp
  6. ^ "Horace Harrison HARRISON". InfoPlease. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b "JeffreyBLewis/congressional-district-boundaries". GitHub. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "J. PERCY PRIEST, 56, LEGISLATOR, DEAD; Tennessee Representative 16 Years, Ex-Democratic Whip, Was Commerce Chairman Was Teacher and Coach". 13 October 1956. Retrieved 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ http://www.thenashvillebanner.com/politics/2015/01/14/it-starts-with-richard-fulton.1311947[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 2002". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Jim Cooper on the Issues". house.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 36°11?14?N 87°04?27?W / 36.18722°N 87.07417°W / 36.18722; -87.07417


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