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600 ( ) was a DC leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 600 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
Chlothar II of Neustria is defeated by his nephews, Theudebert II and Theuderic II, at Dormelles (approximate date).
Germanic and Slavic peoples have tremendous population growth, with the Slavs colonizing the Balkan Peninsula. 
Rome continues as part of the Byzantine Empire. The Italian mainland is divided into independent cities and duchies. 
Venice continues as an independent realm, having been built up from fishing villages and settled by fugitives. 
Dorestad, lying in a fork between two branches of the Rhine, is established by the Franks as a trade center.  King
Agilulf of the Lombards and Queen Theodelinda build a palace complex at Monza, northeast of Milan.
Moravians gain independence, by holding off the attacks from the Avars and the Franks who try to invade. According to
Ynglinga saga, king Ingvar of Sweden invades Adalsysla (present day Lääne County in Estonia), but is killed by the locals (approximate date).  Smallpox arrives in Western Europe for the first time (approximate date).
Asia The first of the
Japanese embassies to Imperial China is sent (approximate date). The
Persians begin to use windmills for irrigation (approximate date).
Namri Songtsen becomes the new king of Tibet (approximate date).
Chaturanga is played in its current form in India (approximate date).
Yangdi, a Sui emperor, extends the Grand Canal. He reportedly assumes power by poisoning his father. Ma Shu-mou, aka Mahu, was one of the canal overseers and was said to have eaten a steamed 2-year-old child each day he worked on the canal. On completion the canal extended for 1,100 miles. 5.5 million people were pressed into service to complete the 1,550 mile canal.
Quill pens, made from the outer feathers of crows and other large birds, became popular. The first books are printed in China. The oldest inscription in
Mon language dated from 600 AD. later found at Wat Phorang, Thailand. Mu becomes king of the Korean kingdom of Baekje. 
Arts and sciences The Germanic peoples, due to the more abundant
food supply available, use the "moldboard" plow, introduced by the Slavs in Eastern Europe. The plow works the land with horses and oxen.  The earliest references to
chess are made in the Persian work Karnamak-i-Artakhshatr-i-Papakan, and the Indian works of Subandhu's Vasavadatta and Banabhatta's . Harsha Charitha 600-
750 - Maguey Bloodletting Ritual, fragment of a fresco from Teotihuacan, Mexico, is made. Teotihuacan culture. It is now kept at the Cleveland Museum of Art. 600-
900 - Palace and Temple of the Inscriptions (tomb-pyramid of K'inich Janaab' Pakal), Palenque, Mexico, are built. Maya culture. 600-900 - Cylindrical vessel is made. Maya culture. It is now kept at the
Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey. The Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis (Voyage of St. Brendan the Abbott) recounts a 7-year trip to a land across the sea by the Irish saint and a band of acolytes about this time.
World The population of the Earth rises to about 208 million people (approximate date).
September 11 – Yuknoom the Great a Maya ruler of Calakmul
Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muslim caliph and Sh?'ah im?m (approximate date)
Audomar, bishop of Thérouanne (approximate date)
Bh?skara I, Indian mathematician (approximate date)
Birinus, bishop of Dorchester (approximate date)
Candrak?rti, Indian Madhyamaka philosopher
Cunibert, bishop of Cologne (approximate date)
Judoc, Breton noble and Catholic saint (d. 668)
Li Shimin, son of Chinese General Li Yuan (the Duke of Tang)
Remaclus, bishop of Maastricht (approximate date)
Wandregisel, Frankish monk and abbot (approximate date) Yan Liben, Chinese painter (approximate date)
^ McNeill, William H, "Plagues and Peoples". (Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, New York 1977)
^ McEvedy, Colin, "The Penguin Atlas of Medieval History". (Rupert Hart-Davis and Crowell-Collier, U.S.A. 1978)
^ Trager, James, "The Peoples Chronology". (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1979)
^ Sawyer P.H., "Kings & Vikings A.D, 600-1100". (Methuen, London & New York, 1982)
Tvauri, Andres (2012). . p. 29 The Migration Period, Pre-Viking Age, and Viking Age in Estonia . Retrieved 2017.
^ McVedy, Colin, "The Penguin Atlas of Ancient History". (Fletcher & Son Ltd., Norwich, England 1967)
^ a b
"List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org . Retrieved 2019.
^ Tannahill, Reay, "Food in History". (Stein & Day, New York 1973)