|76th United States Congress|
January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1941
5 non-voting delegates
|Senate President||John N. Garner (D)|
|House Speaker||William B. Bankhead (D) |
(until September 15, 1940)
Sam Rayburn (D)
(from September 16, 1940)
|1st: January 3, 1939 - August 5, 1939|
2nd: September 21, 1939 - November 3, 1939
3rd: January 3, 1940 - January 3, 1941
The 76th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1939, to January 3, 1941, during the seventh and eighth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1930 United States census.
Both chambers had a Democratic majority - holding a supermajority in the Senate, but a greatly reduced majority in the House, thus losing the supermajority there. With President Roosevelt, the Democrats maintained an overall federal government trifecta.
The 76th is also the most recent Congress to have held a third session.
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||74||2||1||18||1||96||0|
|Final voting share||70.8%||1.0%||1.0%||26.0%||1.0%|
|Beginning of next congress||66||0||1||27||1||95||1|
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||324||5||0||7||89||1[a]||426||9|
|Final voting share||59.8%||0.2%||0.2%||0.5%||39.0%||0.2%|
|Beginning of next congress||268||1||1||3||162||0||435||0|
Senators were popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1940; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1942; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1944.
The names of members are preceded by their district numbers.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.
|Vacated by||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|J. Hamilton Lewis (D)||Died April 9, 1939.
Successor appointed April 14, 1939, to continue the term.
|James M. Slattery (D)||April 14, 1939|
|M. M. Logan (D)||Died October 3, 1939.
Successor appointed October 10, 1939, to continue the term.
Successor elected November 5, 1940, to finish the term.
|Happy Chandler (D)||October 10, 1939|
|William E. Borah (R)||Died January 19, 1940.
Successor appointed January 27, 1940, to continue the term.
Successor elected November 5, 1940, to finish the term.
|John W. Thomas (R)||January 27, 1940|
|Ernest W. Gibson (R)||Died June 20, 1940.
Successor appointed June 24, 1940, to continue the term.
|Ernest W. Gibson Jr. (R)||June 24, 1940|
|Ernest Lundeen (FL)||Died August 31, 1940.
Successor appointed October 14, 1940, to continue the term.
Successor lost election to finish the term.
|Joseph H. Ball (R)||October 14, 1940|
|Key Pittman (D)||Died November 10, 1940.
Successor appointed November 27, 1940, to continue finish the term, also appointed to serve in the next term.
|Berkeley L. Bunker (D)||November 27, 1940|
|James M. Slattery (D)||Interim appointee lost election November 21, 1940, to finish the term.||Charles W. Brooks (R)||November 22, 1940|
|Lewis B. Schwellenbach (D)||Resigned December 16, 1940, to become judge of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Washington.
Successor appointed December 19, 1940, to finish the term.
|Monrad Wallgren (D)||December 19, 1940|
|District||Vacated by||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Maryland 5th||Vacant||Rep. Stephen W. Gambrill died in previous Congress||Lansdale Sasscer (D)||February 3, 1939|
|Arkansas 4th||William B. Cravens (D)||Died January 13, 1939||William F. Cravens (D)||September 12, 1939|
|Pennsylvania 4th||J. Burrwood Daly (D)||Died March 12, 1939||John E. Sheridan (D)||November 7, 1939|
|Tennessee 6th||Clarence W. Turner (D)||Died March 23, 1939||W. Wirt Courtney (D)||May 11, 1939|
|Maryland 1st||Thomas A. Goldsborough (D)||Resigned April 5, 1939, after being appointed associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia||David J. Ward (D)||June 8, 1939|
|New York 34th||Bert Lord (R)||Died May 24, 1939||Edwin A. Hall (R)||November 7, 1939|
|Georgia 4th||Emmett M. Owen (D)||Died June 21, 1939||A. Sidney Camp (D)||August 1, 1939|
|Wisconsin 3rd||Harry W. Griswold (R)||Died July 4, 1939||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Tennessee 3rd||Sam D. McReynolds (D)||Died July 11, 1939||Estes Kefauver (D)||September 13, 1939|
|California 18th||Thomas M. Eaton (R)||Died September 16, 1939||Vacant until the next Congress|
|South Carolina 1st||Thomas S. McMillan (D)||Died September 29, 1939||Clara G. McMillan (D)||November 7, 1939|
|Ohio 22nd||Chester C. Bolton (R)||Died October 29, 1939||Frances P. Bolton (R)||February 27, 1940|
|Tennessee 2nd||J. Will Taylor (R)||Died November 14, 1939||John Jennings Jr. (R)||December 30, 1939|
|Puerto Rico at-large||Santiago Iglesias (Coalitionist)||Died December 5, 1939||Bolívar Pagán (Socialist)||December 26, 1939|
|Colorado 3rd||John A. Martin (D)||Died December 23, 1939||William E. Burney (D)||November 5, 1940|
|Michigan 5th||Carl E. Mapes (R)||Died December 12, 1939||Bartel J. Jonkman (R)||February 19, 1940|
|New York 14th||William I. Sirovich (D)||Died December 17, 1939||Morris M. Edelstein (D)||February 6, 1940|
|Ohio 17th||William A. Ashbrook (D)||Died January 1, 1940||J. Harry McGregor (R)||February 27, 1940|
|Nebraska 1st||George H. Heinke (R)||Died January 2, 1940||John H. Sweet (R)||April 19, 1940|
|Tennessee 9th||Clift Chandler (D)||Resigned January 2, 1940, after being elected Mayor of Memphis||Clifford Davis (D)||February 15, 1940|
|New York 31st||Wallace E. Pierce (R)||Died January 3, 1940||Clarence E. Kilburn (R)||February 13, 1940|
|New York 22nd||Edward W. Curley (D)||Died January 6, 1940||Walter A. Lynch (D)||February 20, 1940|
|Iowa 6th||Cassius C. Dowell (R)||Died February 4, 1940||Robert K. Goodwin (R)||March 5, 1940|
|Maine 2nd||Clyde Smith (R)||Died April 8, 1940||Margaret Chase Smith (R)||June 3, 1940|
|Georgia 8th||W. Benjamin Gibbs (D)||Died August 7, 1940||Florence Reville Gibbs (D)||October 1, 1940|
|New Jersey 8th||George N. Seger (R)||Died August 26, 1940||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Alabama 7th||William B. Bankhead (D)||Died September 15, 1940||Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)||November 5, 1940|
|North Carolina 1st||Lindsay C. Warren (D)||Resigned October 31, 1940, after being appointed Comptroller General of the United States||Herbert C. Bonner (D)||November 5, 1940|
|Texas 18th||John Marvin Jones (D)||Resigned November 20, 1940, to become judge of the United States Court of Claims||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Louisiana 2nd||Paul H. Maloney (D)||Resigned December 15, 1940, to become Collector of Internal Revenue for New Orleans District||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Washington 2nd||Monrad Wallgren (D)||Resigned December 19, 1940, after being appointed to the US Senate having already been elected.||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Missouri 11th||Thomas C. Hennings Jr. (D)||Resigned December 31, 1940, to become candidate for Circuit attorney of St. Louis||Vacant until the next Congress|
Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Legislative branch agency directors
House of Representatives
In popular culture