|99th United States Congress|
January 3, 1985 - January 3, 1987
5 non-voting delegates
|Senate President||George H. W. Bush (R)|
|House Speaker||Tip O'Neill (D)|
|1st: January 3, 1985 - December 20, 1985|
2nd: January 21, 1986 - October 18, 1986
The 99th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1985, to January 3, 1987, during the fifth and sixth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980.
The Republicans maintained control of the Senate, while the Democrats maintained control of the House of Representatives - albeit with both majorities slightly reduced from the 98th Congress.
This was the most recent session of Congress prior to the 116th which featured a Republican Senate/Democratic House split and had a third-party House member.
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||45||55||100||0|
|Final voting share||48.0%||52.0%|
|Beginning of next congress||55||45||100||0|
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||267||166||1||434||1|
|Final voting share||58.2%||41.8%||0.0%|
|Beginning of next congress||258||177||0||435||0|
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and representatives are listed by district.
Senators are popularly elected statewide every six years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1986; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1988; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1990.
Senate majority leadership
Senate minority leadership
House majority leadership
House minority leadership
|Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Vacant||Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of West Virginia.||Jay Rockefeller (D)||January 15, 1985|
|John Porter East (R)||Died June 29, 1986.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
|Jim Broyhill (R)||July 14, 1986|
|Jim Broyhill (R)||Interim appointee lost special election.
Successor elected to finish the term.
|Terry Sanford (D)||November 5, 1986|
|District||Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Indiana's 8th||Disputed||House declared McCloskey the winner after auditors from the US General Accounting Office conducted a recount and Republican floor votes were rejected.||Frank McCloskey (D)||May 1, 1985|
|Louisiana's 8th||Gillis William Long (D)||Died January 20, 1985.||Catherine Small Long (D)||March 30, 1985|
|Texas's 1st||Sam B. Hall Jr. (D)||Resigned May 27, 1985 to become judge for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.||Jim Chapman (D)||August 3, 1985|
|New York's 1st||William Carney (C)||Changed parties October 7, 1985.||William Carney (R)||October 7, 1985|
|New York's 6th||Joseph P. Addabbo (D)||Died April 10, 1986.||Alton Waldon (D)||June 10, 1986|
|Hawaii's 1st||Cecil Heftel (D)||Resigned July 11, 1986.||Neil Abercrombie (D)||September 20, 1986|
|North Carolina's 10th||Jim Broyhill (R)||Resigned July 14, 1986 to become U.S. Senator.||Cass Ballenger (R)||November 4, 1986|
|Illinois's 4th||George M. O'Brien (R)||Died July 17, 1986.||Vacant||Not filled this term|
|Illinois's 14th||John E. Grotberg (R)||Died November 15, 1986.|
|New York's 34th||Stan Lundine (D)||Resigned December 31, 1986.|
|North Carolina's 3rd||Charles Orville Whitley (D)||Resigned December 31, 1986.|
Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.