Abolqasem Lahouti
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Abolqasem Lahouti
Abolqasem Lahouti
Abolqasem Lahouti.png
BornAbolqasem Elhami
(1887-10-12)12 October 1887
Kermanshah, Iran
Died16 March 1957(1957-03-16) (aged 69)
Moscow Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Pen nameAbolqasem Lahouti
OccupationPoet, political
NationalityIranian Persian/Kurd
PeriodModernism
GenrePoem
Literary movementSocialist realism, Persian Modern Poem
SpouseCecilia Banu
Abolqasem Mahout's statue (right) at Tajik Writers Union building, Dushanbe

Abolq?sem Lah?t? Russian: ? , romanizedAbuljkasim Ahmedzade Lahuti; Tajik: / , romanizedA?ulqosim Lohut?; 12 October 1887 - 16 March 1957) was an Iranian Kurd-Soviet poet and political activist who was active in Iran during the Persian Constitutional Revolution and in Tajikistan in the early Soviet era.

Biography

Born in Kermanshah to an Iranian Kurdish poet by the name Mirza Ahmad Elhami and an Iranian Kurdish mother, his first poem was printed in the newspaper Habl al-Matin (magazine) in Calcutta at the age of 18.[1]

He soon entered politics and even received a medal from Sattar Khan for his efforts.[1]

Initially, he went to clerical school, but then went to Bulgaria and wrote many poems on Islam. He then came back to Iran, and enlisted in the armed forces, and graduated as Captain in rank.[1]

After being convicted by a court in Qom to death, he fled to Turkey, but soon returned and joined forces with Sheikh Mohammad Khiabani in Tabriz. His forces defeated Mahmud Khan Puladeen's troops, but were soon disbanded by freshly dispatched forces. He fled to Baku.[1]

While living in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, he became interested in Communism. After marrying a Russian poet by the name Cecilia Banu (Sisil Banu), being unable to initiate a coup d'etat against the central government of Iran, he gave up and moved to USSR where he remained until his final days.[1]

In 1925, he went to Dushanbe and joined the friends of Sadriddin Aini. His poetry was welcomed by audiences and gained him the position of the founder of Soviet Tajik poetry.[2]

Lahuti is the author of the Tajik SSR anthem. Lahuti's other works include "Kovai Ohangar" ("Kaveh the Blacksmith", 1947), "Qasidai Kremel" ("Ode to the Kremlin", 1923), and "Toj va Bairaq" ("The Crown and the Flag", 1935). His collection of poetry, in six volumes, was published between 1960 and 1963. He died on March 16, 1957, in Moscow.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e 'Alí Riz? Awsatí ( ), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Ir?n dar Se Qarn-e Goz?ashteh - ), Volumes 1 and 2 (Pakt?b Publishing - , Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
  2. ^ a b Iraj Bashiri, Prominent Tajik figures of the twentieth century, Dushanbe, 2002

External links

  • Abu'l-Q?sem L?huti, Encyclopædia Iranica
  • Grassi, Evelin (2018). "Ab? l-Q?sim L?hut?". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
  • Kirasirova, Masha (2017). "My Enemy's Enemy: Consequences of the CIA Operation against Abulqasim Lahuti, 1953-54". Iranian Studies. 50 (3): 439-465. doi:10.1080/00210862.2017.1292817.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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