Abu Yaqub Yusuf
Get Abu Yaqub Yusuf essential facts below. View Videos or join the Abu Yaqub Yusuf discussion. Add Abu Yaqub Yusuf to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Abu Yaqub Yusuf
Abu Yaqub Yusuf
Amir al-Mu'minin
Abu Yaqub Yusef Coin.png
Coin minted during the reign of Abu Yaqub Yusuf
PredecessorAbd al-Mu'min ibn Ali
SuccessorAbu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur
Full name
Abu Yaqub Yusuf ibn Abd al-Mu'min
FatherAbd al-Mu'min ibn Ali

Abu Ya`qub Yusuf or Yusuf I (Arabic: ?Ab? Ya'q?b Y?suf; 1135 - 14 October 1184)[1] was the second Almohad Amir or caliph. He reigned from 1163 until 1184 in Marrakesh. He had the Giralda in Seville built as well as Koutoubia in Marrakesh and Hassan Tower in Rabat.


Yusuf was the son of Abd al-Mu'min, the first caliph of the Almohad dynasty. His mother was Safiyya bint Abi Imran, the daughter of Abu Imran Musa ibn Sulayman Al-kafif, a companion of Ibn tumart from Tinmel.[2] Originally hailing from North Africa, Yusuf and his bloodline were descended from the Zenata Berbers. Like a number of Almohad rulers, Yusuf favored the Zahirite or literalist school of Muslim jurisprudence and was a religious scholar in his own right. He was said to have memorized Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, two collections of the prophet Muhammad's statements considered canonical in Sunni Islam, by heart, and was a patron of the theologians of his era.[3] Respected men of letters such as Ibn Rushd and Ibn Tufayl were entertained at his court.[4] Yusuf favored Cordoban polymath Ibn Ma as his chief judge; during the Almohad reforms, the two oversaw the banning of any religious material written by non-Zahirites.[5] Yusuf's son al-Mansur would eventually take the reforms even further, actually burning non-Zahirite books instead of merely banning them.[6]

In 1170 he invaded Iberia, conquering al-Andalus and ravaging Valencia and Catalonia. The following year he established himself in Seville.[7] He ordered the construction of numerous buildings, such as the Alcazar, the Buhaira palace and the fortress of Alcalá de Guadaíra.

Abu Ya'qub Yusuf was defeated by Afonso I of Portugal at the Siege of Santarém (1184), in which he died, his body was sent from Seville to Tinmel where he was buried.[1]


  1. ^ a b Abdelwahid al-Marrakushi "al-Mojib fi Talkhis Akhbar al-Maghrib" [The Pleasant Book in Summarizing the History of the Maghreb] (1224) pp.125-126
  2. ^ Gordon, Matthew S.; Hain, Kathryn A. (2017). Concubines and Courtesans: Women and Slavery in Islamic History. Oxford University Press. p. 147. ISBN 9780190622183.
  3. ^ Shawqi Daif, Introduction to Ibn Mada's Refutation of the Grammarians, pg. 5. Cairo, 1947.
  4. ^ Kojiro Nakamura, "Ibn Mada's Criticism of Arab Grammarians." Orient, v. 10, pgs. 89-113. 1974
  5. ^ Kees Versteegh, The Arabic Linguistic Tradition, pg. 142. Part of Landmarks in Linguistic Thought series, vol. 3. New York: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 9780415157575
  6. ^ Shawqi Daif, Introduction to Ibn Mada's Refutation of the Grammarians, pg. 6. Cairo, 1947.
  7. ^ "The History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain," taken from Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari's Nafhut Tibb min Ghusn al-Andalus al-Ratib wa Tarikh Lisan ad-Din Ibn al-Khatib. Translated by Pascual de Gayangos y Arce from copies in the British Museum. Pg. 319. London: The Orientalist Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. Sold by W. H. Allen Ltd and M. Duprat.

Preceded by
Abd al-Mu'min
Almohad dynasty
Succeeded by
Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes