Administrative Divisions of Greece
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Administrative Divisions of Greece

Administrative divisions of Greece
? ?  (Greek)
Kallikratis dioikisi.png
CategoryUnitary state
LocationHellenic Republic
Number13 regions, 325 municipalities, 1 autonomous entity
PopulationsTotal: 10,815,197
AreasTotal: 131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi)

Following the implementation on 1 January 2011 of the Kallikratis Plan, the administrative divisions of Greece consist of two main levels: the regions and the municipalities. In addition, a number of decentralized administrations overseeing the regions exist as part of the Ministry of the Interior, but are not entities of local government. The old prefectures were either abolished and split up or transformed into regional units in 2011. The administrative regions are divided into regional units which are further subdivided into municipalities. The Eastern Orthodox monastic community on Mount Athos is an autonomous self-governing entity.

Administrative divisions

Municipalities

The first level of government is constituted by the municipalities (, dímoi; sing. , dímos), which have resulted from merging several former municipalities and communities (themselves the subject of a previous reform with the 1997 Kapodistrias plan). They are run by a mayor (, dímarchos) and a municipal council ( , dimotikó symvoúlio), elected every 5 years. The municipalities are further subdivided into municipal units ( , dimotikés enótites) and finally into communities (?, koinótites). Although communities have their own councils, their role is purely advisory to the municipal-level government.

Regions

The second level is composed of the regions (, periféreies; sing. ?, periféreia), run by a regional governor (, perifereiárchis) and a regional council ( , perifereiakó symvoúlio), popularly elected every 5 years.

The regions are divided into 74 regional units (? , perifereiakés enótites), usually but not always coterminous with the former prefectures. Each regional unit is headed by a vice-regional governor (, antiperifereiárchis), drawn from the same political block as the regional governor.

Decentralized administrations

The third level is composed of the new decentralized administrations ( ?, apokentroménes dioikíseis), comprising one to three regions, run by a government-appointed general secretary, assisted by an advisory council drawn from the regional governors and the representatives of the municipalities.

Kallikratis administrative divisions as of 2010

  Decentralized Administration of Attica, with the capital of Athens
   Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace, with the capital of Thessaloniki
   Decentralized Administration of Epirus and Western Macedonia, with the capital of Ioannina
   Decentralized Administration of Thessaly and Central Greece, with the capital of Larissa
    Decentralized Administration of Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian, with the capital of Patras
   Decentralized Administration of the Aegean, with the capital of Piraeus
  Decentralized Administration of Crete, with the capital of Heraklion

  Mount Athos (self-governing, excluded from the Kallikratis Plan)

History

From 1 January 2011, in accordance with the Kallikratis programme, the administrative system of Greece was drastically overhauled. The former system of 13 regions, 54 prefectures and 1033 municipalities and communities was replaced by 7 decentralized administrations, 13 regions and 325 municipalities.

The first elections to the restructured Greek local government areas were held between 7 November and 14 November 2010.

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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