Alabama's 9th Congressional District
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Alabama's 9th Congressional District
Alabama's 9th congressional district
Obsolete
Representative
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Population (1950)558,928
Created1890 Census
Eliminated1960 Census
Years1893-1963

Alabama's 9th congressional district was formerly apportioned to portions of central and western Alabama from 1893 until 1963 when the seat was lost due to reapportionment after the 1960 United States Census.

Highlights

Formed in 1893, the district was first represented by Louis Washington Turpin, a self-educated tax assessor from Hale County. The district was represented by Democrats during the whole of its existence except from 1896-1897 when Truman Heminway Aldrich, a Republican, unseated Oscar W. Underwood in a post-election contest.

The 1960 United States Census and the subsequent reapportionment decreased Alabama's representation in the United States Congress.

History

By the 1890s the growth of Birmingham, Alabama, coupled with overall growth of Alabama's population, increased the number of representatives in the United States House from Alabama to nine.

It was decided to draw the new ninth district primarily from Jefferson County but also to include a few more rural counties to the south.[] In the first election in the district over 29,000 votes were cast.[] This was the most votes in any Alabama Congressional district.[]

It lost some area to the 6th district in 1902.

In 1916, redistricting again occurred, which reduced the ninth district to only include Jefferson County. These boundaries remained essentially the same until the district was dissolved in 1962.

Population disparity

By the early 1940s the 9th district had a population of 459,930.[1] This was 103,000 more people than the next largest district, and 209,000 more people than lived in the neighboring 6th district.[] By the 1950s there were 558,928 people in the ninth district and 250,726 in the 6th district.[] From 1932 through 1962 the state of Alabama did not reapportion its congressional districts.[]

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral History Counties Represented
  District created March 4, 1893
Louis W. Turpin Democratic March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892. AL-9 53-57.png
Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Oscar W. Underwood
Democratic March 4, 1895 -
June 9, 1896
54th Elected in 1894.

Lost election contest.
Truman Heminway Aldrich.png
Truman Heminway Aldrich
Republican June 9, 1896 -
March 3, 1897
54th Won election contest.

Retired.
Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Oscar W. Underwood
Democratic March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1903
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1903 -
March 3, 1915
AL-9 58-64.png
George Huddleston 1921.jpg
George Huddleston
Democratic March 4, 1915 -
March 3, 1917
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1917 -
January 3, 1937
AL-9 65-87.png
Luther Patrick Democratic January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.

Lost renomination.
John P. Newsome Democratic January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1945
78th Elected in 1942.

Lost renomination.
Luther Patrick Democratic January 3, 1945 -
January 3, 1947
79th Elected in 1944.

Lost renomination.
Laurie C. Battle Democratic January 3, 1947 -
January 3, 1955
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired.
George Huddleston, Jr. 88th Congress 1963.jpg
George Huddleston Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1955 -
January 3, 1963
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.

Redistricted to the at-large district.
District inactive January 3, 1963 -
Present

Historical Boundaries

Census Year Population Counties
1890 181,085 Bibb, Blount, Hale, Jefferson, Perry
1900 213,820 Bibb, Blount, Jefferson, Perry
1910 226,476 Jefferson
1920 310,054
1930 431,493
1940 459,930
1950 558,928

References

  1. ^ "colorado.edu". Archived from the original on 2007-08-06. Retrieved .

Coordinates: 33°29?11.17?N 86°52?47.58?W / 33.4864361°N 86.8798833°W / 33.4864361; -86.8798833



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