Alexander Hrennikoff
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Alexander Hrennikoff
Alexander Hrennikoff
Alexander Hrennikoff.jpg
Russian-Canadian engineer Alexander Hrennikoff
Russia, 1896
Died(1984-12-31)31 December 1984
Alma materInstitute of Railway Engineering
University of British Columbia
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forStructural Engineering
Scientific career

Alexander Pavlovich Hrennikoff (Russian: ; 11 November 1896 -- 31 December 1984) was a Russian-Canadian Structural Engineer, a founder of the Finite Element Method.


Alexander was born in Russia, graduated from the Institute of Railway Engineering in Moscow, received M.A.Sc. degree from the University of British Columbia (1933), and D.Sc degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1941). From 1933 until his death in 1984 he worked as a professor of Civil Engineering at the University of British Columbia.[1][2]


During his work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology he developed the lattice analogy which models membrane and plate bending of structures as a lattice framework. While this work received little attention at the time because of the lack of computational power, it is often considered as the turning point in the Time-Line of the Structural Analysis leading to development of the Finite Element Method. He later extended the lattice models to plate and shell buckling problems, and made important contributions to the plastic design theory of metal structures.


  • A. Hrennikoff, Solution of Problems of Elasticity by the Frame-Work Method (1941). ASME J. Appl. Mech. 8, A619-A715.
  • C. A. Felippa, The Amusing History of Shear Flexible Beam Elements, 2005, available online as [1][permanent dead link]
  • J. T. Oden, Historical Comments on Finite Elements, available online as [2][permanent dead link]

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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