Alison Bechdel
Get Alison Bechdel essential facts below. View Videos or join the Alison Bechdel discussion. Add Alison Bechdel to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Alison Bechdel
Alison Bechdel
Bechdel at the Boston Book Festival in 2011
Bechdel at the Boston Book Festival in 2011
Born (1960-09-10) September 10, 1960 (age 59)
Beech Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S.
OccupationCartoonist, author
EducationSimon's Rock College
Oberlin College (BA)
GenreAutobiography, social commentary
Literary movementUnderground
Notable worksDykes to Watch Out For,
Fun Home,
Are You My Mother?
Website
dykestowatchoutfor.com

Alison Bechdel ( BEK-d?l;[1] born September 10, 1960) is an American cartoonist. Originally best known for the long-running comic strip Dykes to Watch Out For, she came to critical and commercial success in 2006 with her graphic memoir Fun Home, which was subsequently adapted as a musical and won a Tony Award for Best Musical in 2015.[2] In 2012, she released her second graphic memoir Are You My Mother? She was a 2014 recipient of the MacArthur "Genius" Award.[3] She is also known for the Bechdel test.

Early life

Bechdel was born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. She is the daughter of Helen Augusta (née Fontana; 1933-2013)[4] and Bruce Allen Bechdel (1936-1980).[5] Her family was Roman Catholic. Her father was an army veteran who was stationed in West Germany. He was also a high school English teacher, working full-time and operated a funeral home part-time. Her mother was an actress and teacher. Both of her parents contributed to her career as a cartoonist.[6] She has two brothers, Bruce "Christian" Bechdel II and John Bechdel, a keyboard player who has worked with many bands including Fear Factory, Ministry, Prong and Killing Joke. She left high school a year early and attended Simon's Rock College from 1977 to 1979. Soon after, Bechdel transferred to Oberlin College, and graduated with a degree in studio arts and art history in 1981.[6] After her father died in 1980, her mother sold the family house, in Beech Creek, Pennsylvania, the small town where Bechdel grew up, and moved to Bellefonte, a less provincial small town near State College with her longtime partner Bob Fenichel. He is a retired psychiatrist.[7]

Career

Alison Bechdel at a London signing for Fun Home in 2006

Bechdel moved to Manhattan during the summer of 1981 and applied to several art schools, but was rejected and worked in many office jobs in the publishing industry.

She began Dykes to Watch Out For as a single drawing labeled "Marianne, dissatisfied with the morning brew: Dykes to Watch Out For, plate no. 27".[8] An acquaintance recommended she send her work to WomaNews, a feminist newspaper, which published her first work in its June 1983 issue. Bechdel gradually moved from her early single-panel drawings to multi-paneled strips.[9]Dykes to Watch Out For began this process, developing into a series of posters and postcards, allowing for people to have a look into the urban lesbian community.[6] After a year, other outlets began running the strip.

In the first years, Dykes to Watch Out For consisted of unconnected strips without a regular cast or serialized storyline. However, its structure eventually evolved into a focus on following a set group of lesbian characters. In 1986, Firebrand Books published a collection of the strips to date.[9] In 1987, Bechdel introduced her regular characters, Mo and her friends, while living in St. Paul, Minnesota. Dykes to Watch Out For is the origin of the "Bechdel test", which has become a frequently used metric in cultural discussion of film. In 1988, she began a short-lived page-length strip about the staff of a queer newspaper, titled "Servants to the Cause", for The Advocate. Bechdel has also written and drawn autobiographical strips and has done illustrations for magazines and websites. She became a full-time cartoonist in 1990 and later moved near Burlington, Vermont. In 2012, Bechdel was a Mellon Residential Fellow for Arts and Practice at the Richard and Mary L. Gray Center at the University of Chicago and co-taught "Lines of Transmission: Comics & Autobiography" with Professor Hillary Chute. In November 2006, Bechdel was invited to sit on the Usage Panel of the American Heritage Dictionary.[10] On April 6, 2017, Bechdel was appointed as Vermont's third Cartoonist Laureate.[11]

She currently resides in Bolton, Vermont, and works with Seven Days, located in Vermont. She has recently posted three different single comic strips for her Dykes to Watch Out For series: Pièce de Résistance,[12]Tackles the Ides of Trump,[13] and Ponders How to Unify a Divided Country.[14] In 2014, she posted a comic strip based on her Fun Home! The Musical![15]

Awards

For her outstanding contributions to the comic art form, Comics Alliance listed Bechdel as one of twelve women cartoonists deserving of lifetime achievement recognition.[21]

Graphic novels

Fun Home

In 2006, Bechdel published Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic, an autobiographical "tragicomic" chronicling her childhood and the years before and after her father's suicide. It follows both the past and present regarding the relationship she shares with her parents, specifically her father. Additionally, this graphic memoir helps show the hardships individuals face when coming out.[22]Fun Home has received more widespread mainstream attention than Bechdel's earlier work, with reviews in Entertainment Weekly, People and several features in The New York Times.[23]Fun Home spent two weeks on The New York Times Bestseller List for Hardcover Nonfiction.[24][25]

Fun Home was hailed as one of the best books of 2006 by numerous sources, including The New York Times,[26]amazon.com,[27][28]The Times of London,[29]Publishers Weekly,[30]salon.com,[31]New York magazine,[32] and Entertainment Weekly.[32]

Time magazine named Alison Bechdel's Fun Home number one of its "10 Best Books of the Year." Lev Grossman and Richard LeCayo described Fun Home as "the unlikeliest literary success of 2006," and called it "a stunning memoir about a girl growing up in a small town with her cryptic, perfectionist dad and slowly realizing that a) she is gay and b) he is too. ... Bechdel's breathtakingly smart commentary duets with eloquent line drawings. Forget genre and sexual orientation: this is a masterpiece about two people who live in the same house but different worlds, and their mysterious debts to each other."[33]

Fun Home was a finalist for the 2006 National Book Critics Circle Award in the memoir/autobiography category.[34][35] It also won the 2007 Eisner Award for Best Reality-Based Work.[36]Fun Home was also nominated for the Best Graphic Album award, and Bechdel was nominated for Best Writer/Artist.[37]

In 2014, the Republican-led South Carolina House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee considered cutting the College of Charleston's funding by $52,000, the cost of the summer reading program for selecting Fun Home for a reading program.[38][39][40]

Fun Home premiered as a musical Off-Broadway at The Public Theater on September 30, 2013, and opened officially on October 22, 2013. The score was by Jeanine Tesori and the book and lyrics were written by Lisa Kron.[41][42] Kron and Tesori made history as the first all-woman team to win a Tony Award for best score.[43] Originally scheduled to run through November 3, 2013, the run was extended multiple times and the musical closed on January 12, 2014. The Public Theater production was directed by Sam Gold. Sets and costumes were by David Zinn, lighting by Ben Stanton, sound by Kai Harada, projections by Jim Findlay and Jeff Sugg and choreography by Danny Mefford.[44] The musical played at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre, with previews from March 27, 2015, and an official opening on April 19, 2015, running to September 10, 2016. Sam Gold, who directed the Public Theater production, also directed the show on Broadway, leading the Off-Broadway production team. The Off-Broadway cast reprised their roles on Broadway, except for the actors playing John, Christian, and Medium Alison. The Broadway musical won five Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Best Performance by an Actor in Leading Role in a Musical, Best Original Score (Music and/or Lyrics) Written for the Theatre, Best Book of a Musical, and Best Direction of a Musical.[45]

Are You My Mother?

Bechdel suspended work on Dykes to Watch Out For in 2008 so that she could work on her second graphic memoir, Are You My Mother?: A Comic Drama, which was released in May 2012.[46] It focuses on her relationship with her mother. Bechdel described its themes as "the self, subjectivity, desire, the nature of reality, that sort of thing,"[47] which is a paraphrase of a quote from Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse.

The story's dramatic action is multi-layered and divides into a number of narrative strands:

  • Bechdel's phone-conversations with her mother in the present.
  • Bechdel's memories of interactions with her mother throughout her life, beginning in childhood.
  • Bechdel's therapy sessions, whose primary content is composed of analysis of her relationship with her mother.
  • Bechdel's richly imagined, and diligently researched, historical portrayals of psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott, and author Virginia Woolf, spliced together with Bechdel's own therapeutic journey with text from the psychoanalytic writings of Alice Miller, along with the story of Bechdel's own reading-through and relating to the works of Sigmund Freud.

An excerpt of the book, entitled "Mirror", was included in the Best American Comics 2013, edited by Jeff Smith. This episode riffs heavily on psychoanalytic themes quoted explicitly from the work of psychoanalysts Alice Miller and Winnicott.

Personal life

Bechdel came out as a lesbian at age 19.[48] Bechdel's sexuality and gender non-conformity are a large part of the core message of her work. "The secret subversive goal of my work is to show that women, not just lesbians, are regular human beings."[49] In February 2004, Bechdel married Amy Rubin, her girlfriend since 1992, in a civil ceremony in San Francisco. However, all same-sex marriage licenses given by the city at that time were subsequently voided by the California Supreme Court. Bechdel and Rubin separated in 2006.[50] She subsequently lived with her partner Holly Rae Taylor, a painter,[51] for seven and a half years before their marriage in July 2015.[52] She lives in Bolton, Vermont, in a house she bought in 1996, adding her own studio to work in.[7] Bechdel and Taylor also own a female cat named Donald, named after the British psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott.[7]

Selected works

  • The Essential Dykes to Watch Out For (Houghton Mifflin, 2008, ISBN 978-0618968800)
  • Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic (Houghton Mifflin, 2006, ISBN 0-618-47794-2)
  • Are You My Mother?: A Comic Drama (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012, ISBN 0-618-98250-7)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Alison Bechdel Audio Name Pronunciation". TeachingBooks.net. Retrieved . (mp3)
  2. ^ "Tony Awards: 'Fun Home' Wins Best Musical and 'The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time' Best Play". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ a b Lee, Felicia R. (September 17, 2014). "MacArthur Awards Go to 21 Diverse Fellows". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "Helen Bechdel Obituary - Bellefonte, Pennsylvania | Wetzler Funeral Home, Inc". Wetzlerfuneralhome.com. 2013-05-14. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Alison Bechdel". Gale Biography in Context. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ a b c "Alison Bechdel." Gay & Lesbian Biography. Ed. Michael J. Tyrkus and Michael Bronski. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. Literature Resource Center. Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "Drawn from Life". The New Yorker. Retrieved .
  8. ^ The Indelible Alison Bechdel: Confessions, Comix, and Miscellaneous Dykes to Watch Out For (Firebrand Books, 1998), p. 
  9. ^ a b Bechdel, Alison. "Frivolous, Aimless Queries". Retrieved 2012.
  10. ^ "Dictionary". dykestowatchoutfor.com. November 30, 2006.
  11. ^ Hallenbeck, Brent (March 28, 2016). "Alison Bechdel named Vermont Cartoonist Laureate". Burlington Free Press. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ Bechdel, Pamela Polston, Alison. "Dykes to Watch Out For: Pièce de Résistance". Seven Days. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Bechdel, Alison. "New 'Dykes to Watch Out For' Tackles the Ides of Trump". Seven Days. Retrieved .
  14. ^ Bechdel, Alison. "'Dykes to Watch Out For' Ponders How to Unify a Divided Country". Seven Days. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Bechdel, Alison. "Fun Home! The Musical!". Seven Days. Retrieved .
  16. ^ a b Kennedy, Martha H. (2018). Drawn to purpose : American women illustrators and cartoonists. Hayden, Carla Diane, 1952-. Jackson, Mississippi: Library of Congress. pp. 182-183. ISBN 9781496815927. OCLC 993601764.
  17. ^ "ALA | Stonewall Book Awards". www.ala.org. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Winners of the 26th Annual Lambda Literary Awards Announced". Lambda Literary. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Erikson Institute Prize for Excellence in Mental Health Media". Austen Riggs Center. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ Gustines, George Gene (Sep 25, 2019). "Harvey Awards Hall of Fame to Induct New Members". Retrieved 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  21. ^ *Please enter your name. "12 Women in Comics Who Deserve Lifetime Achievement Recognition". Comicsalliance.com. Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved .
  22. ^ Killacky, John R. "Alison Bechdel: graphic alchemist." The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide 19.5 (2012): 44+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
  23. ^ Wilsey, Sean (June 18, 2006). "The Things They Buried". The New York Times.
  24. ^ "July 9, 2006 Hardcover Nonfiction Best Sellers". The New York Times. July 9, 2006. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "July 16, 2006 Hardcover Nonfiction Best Sellers". The New York Times. July 16, 2006. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "100 Notable Books of the Year". The New York Times. Sunday Book Review. December 3, 2006. Retrieved 2006.
  27. ^ "Best Books of 2006: Editors' Top 50". amazon.com. Retrieved 2014.
  28. ^ "Best of 2006 Top 10 Editors' Picks: Memoirs". amazon.com. Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ Gatti, Tom (2006-12-16). "The 10 best books of 2006: number 10--Fun Home". The Times. London. Retrieved .
  30. ^ "The First Annual PW Comics Week Critic's Poll". Publishers Weekly Online. Publishers Weekly. 2006-12-19. Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved .
  31. ^ Miller, Laura; Hillary Frey (2006-12-12). "Best debuts of 2006". salon.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved .
  32. ^ a b Bonanos, Christopher; Logan Hill; Jim Holt; et al. (2006-12-18). "The Year in Books". New York. Archived from the original on December 13, 2006. Retrieved .
  33. ^ Grossman, Lev; Richard Lacayo (December 17, 2006). "10 Best Books". Time. Archived from the original on January 9, 2007. Retrieved .
  34. ^ Getlin, Josh (2007-01-21). "Book Critics Circle nominees declared". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved .
  35. ^ "NBCC Awards Finalists". National Book Critics Circle website. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved .
  36. ^ "The 2007 Eisner Awards: Winners List". San Diego Comic-Con website. Archived from the original on 2010-06-26. Retrieved .
  37. ^ "The 2007 Eisner Awards: 2007 Master Nominations List". San Diego Comic-Con website. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved .
  38. ^ Seanna, Adcox (February 19, 2014). "SC lawmakers vote to punish colleges' book choices". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ Borden, Jeremy (February 20, 2014). "Palmetto Sunrise: College of Charleston dollars cut for 'promotion of lesbians'". The Post and Courier. Charleston, SC. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ "College students object to reading bestselling, 'pornographic' memoir | Minnesota Public Radio News". Mprnews.org. 2015-09-01. Retrieved .
  41. ^ "The Verdict: Critics Review Jeanine Tesori-Lisa Kron Musical Fun Home at the Public Theater". Playbill. 2013-10-23. Retrieved .
  42. ^ Ben Btantley (2014-01-12). "'Fun Home,' a New Musical at the Public Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved .
  43. ^ Purcell, Carey (2015-06-07). "Fun Home Duo Make History as First All-Female Writing Team to Win the Tony". Playbill. Retrieved .
  44. ^ "Fun Home | IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". web.archive.org. Oct 12, 2014. Retrieved 2019.
  45. ^ Pedersen, Erik. "ony Award Winners 2015 - Full List: 'Fun Home,' 'Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time' Lead The Way". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Bechdel's ARE YOU MY MOTHER gets 100K first printing". The Beat: The News Blog of Comics Culture. January 4, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  47. ^ Garner, Dwight (2007-07-20). "Stray Questions for: Alison Bechdel". ArtsBeat (blog). The New York Times. Retrieved .
  48. ^ Samer, Roxane (2010-02-23). "A Conversation with Alison Bechdel". Genderacrossborders.wordpress.com. Retrieved .
  49. ^ Joost, Wesley (May 15, 2000). "Sing Lesbian Cat, Fly Lesbian Seagull: An Interview With Alison Bechdel" (PDF). The Guardsman. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2015. Retrieved 2015. (pg. 11 missing)
  50. ^ Burkeman, Oliver (2006-10-16). "A life stripped bare" (free registration required). The Guardian. Retrieved .
  51. ^ "Drawn From Life" The New Yorker, April 23, 2012
  52. ^ Teeman, Tim. "Lesbian Desire, a Father's Suicide and 12 Tony Noms: Alison Bechdel on 'Fun Home'" Thedailybeast.com, April 29, 2015

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Alison_Bechdel
 



 



 
Music Scenes