Alliance of Liberals and Democrats For Europe Party
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Alliance of Liberals and Democrats For Europe Party

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
PresidentHans van Baalen
Group leaderDacian Ciolo? MEP
Founded26 March 1976[1]
HeadquartersRue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankEuropean Liberal Forum
Youth wingEuropean Liberal Youth
IdeologyLiberalism[2]
Pro-Europeanism
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament group
Colours               Dark blue, light blue, magenta
     Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
European Council
European Commission
European Lower Houses
European Upper Houses
Website
www.aldeparty.eu

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe, mainly active in the European Union. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party).[3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International[4] and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its then-European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). Prior to the 2004 European election the European party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group. In June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by Renew Europe.

As of 2020, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 65 MEPs and five members of the European Commission. Of the 27 EU member states, there are six with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Andrej Babi? (ANO) in the Czech Republic, Sophie Wilmès (MR) in Belgium and Micheál Martin (FF) in Ireland. ALDE member parties are also in governments in four other EU member states: Croatia, Finland, Latvia and Slovenia. Some other ALDE member parties offer parliamentary support to governments in Croatia, Denmark, Italy, Romania and Sweden. Charles Michel, former Belgian Prime Minister, is current President of the European Council.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Antoaneta Asenova (MRF) of Bulgaria, and counts 200,000 members.

Structure


Bureau

The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[5]

Presidents

History of pan-European liberalism

ELDR Party logo (2009-2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[6] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

On 12 June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by a new, enlarged group Renew Europe, which primarly consists of ALDE and EDP memebr parties and French LREM.[7]

European Council

Member Representative Political party Member since Photo
Netherlands Netherlands Prime Minister

Mark Rutte

VVD 14 October 2010 Mark Rutte-6 (cropped).jpg
Luxembourg Luxembourg Prime Minister

Xavier Bettel

DP 4 December 2013 Tallinn Digital Summit. Handshake Xavier Bettel and Jüri Ratas (36718144533) CROP BETTEL.jpg
Estonia Estonia Prime Minister

Jüri Ratas

Kesk 23 November 2016 RK Jüri Ratas (cropped).jpg
Czech Republic Czech Republic Prime Minister

Andrej Babi?

ANO 6 December 2017 A Babi? Praha 2015.JPG
Belgium Belgium Prime Minister

Sophie Wilmès

MR 27 October 2019 Sophie Wilmès 2020 (cropped).jpg
Republic of Ireland Ireland Taoiseach

Micheál Martin

FF 27 June 2020 Micheál Martin (official portrait) 2020 (cropped).jpg
European Union European Union President

Charles Michel

ALDE 1 December 2019 Charles Michel (49467991288).jpg

European Commissioners

ALDE Member Parties contribute four out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
Denmark Denmark Margrethe Vestager A Europe Fit for the Digital Age,

Executive Vice President


Competition,

Commissioner

RV
 Czech Republic V?ra Jourová Values and Transparency,

Vice President

ANO
Slovenia Slovenia Janez Lenar?i? Crisis Management,

Commissioner

Ind.
 Estonia Kadri Simson Energy,

Commissioner

KESK
 Belgium Didier Reynders Justice,

Commissioner

MR

Elected representatives of member parties

European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
European Council
(Heads of Government)
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
European Parliament
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly

National parliaments of European Union member states

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties Status
 Austria National Council
NEOS Opposition
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
MR
Government
Open Vld
Government
Senate
Upper house
MR
Government
Open Vld
Government
 Bulgaria National Assembly
MRF Opposition
 Croatia Sabor
HNS
Government
HSLS
Support
Glas
Opposition
IDS-DDI
Opposition
Pametno
Extraparliamentary
 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
ANO Government
Senate
Upper house
ANO Government
 Denmark Folketing
RV
Support
V
Opposition
 Estonia State Council
EK
Government
ER
Opposition
 Finland Parliament
Kesk
Government
SFP
Government
 France National Assembly
Lower house
UDI
Opposition
MR
Opposition
Senate
Upper house
UDI
Opposition
MR
Opposition
 Germany Bundestag
FDP Opposition
 Hungary Országgy?lés
Liberálisok
Opposition
M
Extraparliamentary
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
FF Government
Seanad
Upper house
FF Government
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
RI, +E Support
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
RI, +E Support
 Lithuania Seimas
LRLS
Opposition
DP
Opposition
 Latvia Saeima
LA Government
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
DP Government
 Malta House of Representatives
PD Extraparliamentary
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
VVD
Government
D66
Government
Senate
Upper house
VVD
Government
D66
Government
 Poland Sejm
Lower house
.Nowoczesna Opposition
Senat of Poland
Upper house
.Nowoczesna Opposition
 Portugal Assembly of the Republic
IL Opposition
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
USR Support
Senate
Upper house
USR Support
 Slovakia National Council
PS Extraparliamentary
 Slovenia National Assembly
SMC
Government
LM?
Opposition
SAB
Opposition
 Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
C's Opposition
Senate
Upper house
C's Opposition
 Sweden Riksdag
C
Support
L
Support

National parliaments outside the European Union

Member parties

Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
  States with full (and possibly associate) member parties
  States with associate member parties

Outside the EU

See also

References

  1. ^ as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "ALDE-party Bureau".
  6. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102-103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
  7. ^ "Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe". Politico. 12 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b "ALDE Party Council meets in Zürich". ALDE. 28 June 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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