Alpha Gamma Delta
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Alpha Gamma Delta
Alpha Gamma Delta
Alpha Gamma Delta crest.png
FoundedMay 30, 1904; 116 years ago (1904-05-30)
Syracuse University, (Syracuse, New York)
TypeSocial
ScopeInternational
Vision statementInspire the Woman. Impact the World.
MottoLoving. Leading. Lasting.
Colors  Red   Buff   Green
FlowerRed and Buff Roses with Green asparagus plumosa fern
JewelPearl
PublicationThe Quarterly
PhilanthropyFighting hunger
Chapters199 installed collegiate chapters; 123 active collegiate chapters across North America
Members197,000+ lifetime
MascotSquirrel
Headquarters8710 North Meridian Street
Indianapolis, IN
United States
Websitehttp://www.alphagammadelta.org/

Alpha Gamma Delta (), also known as Alpha Gam, is an international women's fraternity and social organization.[1] It was founded on May 30, 1904, by eleven female students at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York,[2] making it the youngest member of the Syracuse Triad of North American social sororities, along with Gamma Phi Beta and Alpha Phi.[3] Since then, Alpha Gamma Delta has, as of November 2019, initiated over 197,000[4] members and has 199 installed collegiate chapters and more than 250 alumnae groups.[5][6]

The fraternity provides various social, academic, leadership, and community service opportunities for collegiate members and alumnae.[5] Throughout the organization's history, it has sponsored charities and causes via grants, scholarships, and volunteer hours. Its current initiative is a fight against hunger, for which it has partnered with the nonprofit organizations Feeding America and Meals on Wheels.[7]

Alpha Gamma Delta is one of 26 North American sororities that are members of the National Panhellenic Conference, an umbrella organization.[8] Alpha Gamma Delta's international headquarters is located in Indianapolis, Indiana.

History

Founding

In 1904, efforts to introduce a new women's fraternity at Syracuse University began from eleven women and Dr. Wellesley Perry Coddington, a professor at the university who encouraged its students to form new fraternities[3][9][10][11] and was instrumental in the early development of Alpha Gamma Delta. In May of that year, the founding women chose the fraternity's colors, motto, and badge.[1]

Alpha Gamma Delta was officially founded on May 30, 1904, at Dr. Coddington's home with eleven founders: Ethel Evelyn Brown Distin, Flora Knight Mayer, Georgia Alberta Dickover, Estelle Shepard Beswick, Emily Helen Butterfield, Edith MacConnell Hickok, Georgia Otis Chipman, Grace Mosher Harter, Mary Louise Snider, Jennie Titus Smith Morris and Marguerite Shepard.[1][12] Its constitution and bylaws were read and adopted, and suggestions for a ritual were made. Jennie Titus was elected as the first president.[12] Unlike many other groups founded at the time, Alpha Gamma Delta was founded as a US-wide women's fraternity rather than a local fraternity or literary or professional society,[1] refusing an offer to join one of the other two US-wide women's fraternities on campus.[3]

The organization's official designation as a fraternity rather than a sorority derives from an early advisor who noted that soror is a Latin word with no connection to the Greek traditions cited by similar collegiate social groups.[13] Many other Greek-letter organizations for women refer to themselves as fraternities, although in the collective sense they are generally called sororities.[14]

Expansion and first philanthropies

Alpha Gamma Delta expanded to an unusual extent during its early years; its Beta chapter at was founded at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1905 and by 1909, its 9th chapter--Iota--was founded at the University of Washington. The fraternity's first National Conference was held in 1907,[12] and two years later, it joined the National Panhellenic Conference.[15]

Alpha Gamma Delta began international expansion in 1919 with the chartering of its Tau chapter at the University of Toronto. The fraternity held its annual meeting as the International Convention and adopted an international philanthropy project.[12]

The 1910s and 1920s saw the beginning of the fraternity centralizing its philanthropic objectives towards single causes. Instead of hosting its sixth annual National Convention, the fraternity's national president canceled the meeting and asked chapters to donate their $50 fees to war relief efforts. Many chapters adopted war orphans or made garments, beginning the fraternity's timeline of organized charitable activity.[16] During World War I, the fraternity supported the American Red Cross[17][18] and various war relief efforts. This service continued during World War II.[12] In 1920, the fraternity created its first official philanthropy by starting a summer camp for underprivileged children in Jackson, Michigan, which expanded into Wellington, Canada.[12][16][19] These camps hosted more than 7,000 children and ran for 27 years.[20]

In 1947, Alpha Gamma Delta's primary philanthropic activities shifted from volunteering with underprivileged children to sponsoring counselors for the National Society for Crippled Children and Adults.[21][22] That year, the fraternity held its first International Convention outside the United States, in Banff, Alberta.[12] By 1949, the fraternity had installed 60 chapters and had initiated 20,840 members.[23]

In 1959, at the organization's 22nd International Convention, Theta Sigma Upsilon merged with Alpha Gamma Delta and added 19 chapters to its roster.[24][25]

Organizational and philanthropic changes

During and after the 1960s, the organization underwent restructuring, in which it created a separate branch to manage its philanthropic sponsorships and run programs for its members. A separate foundation, originally called the Founders Memorial Foundation, was established in 1962 to handle fundraising; it was later renamed the Alpha Gamma Delta Foundation.[26] This Foundation managed the funds raised by collegiate and alumnae chapters via activities and by direct donations to the foundation. In 1979, the fraternity partnered with the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation and again changed its primary philanthropic focus, which would later expand in 1991 to diabetes treatment and research.[12][26]

Alpha Gamma Delta celebrated its centennial anniversary during its 2004 International Convention.[12]

In the 2010s, Alpha Gamma Delta continued to change and restructure, creating a separate branch to manage its collegiate housing and again changing its service and philanthropy programs. The fraternity founded its Fraternity Housing Corporation in 2010 to provide local chapters with a national property management and funding option; as of, 90 out of 125 active chapters are managed under this corporation.[27] The fraternity partnered with Feeding America and Meals on Wheels in 2017 and now focuses its community service and fundraising initiatives towards fighting hunger .[20]

Programs

Alpha Gamma Delta Foundation

Alpha Gamma Delta participates in philanthropy through donations made through a separate arm, the Alpha Gamma Delta Foundation. Created in 1962, the Foundation provides grants to organizations and individuals in the U.S. and Canada who are involved in fields related to certain causes. The Foundation currently and historically awards scholarships and grants, funds wellness programs, and provides leadership training and other courses.[28][29]

Since 2017, the fraternity's philanthropic objective has been to fight hunger, and it currently works with Feeding America and Meals on Wheels America. As of 2018, its campaign, which is titled "Full Plates. Hearts. Minds", provides meals for hungry people and creates awareness of food insecurity.[20]

Four young women pose holding both each other and an award for "Alpha Gamma Delta: Best Tree"
Members of Alpha Gamma Delta at a sorority formal

Local activities

Collegiate and alumnae members participate in fundraising activities for the Alpha Gamma Delta Foundation and volunteer with and raise funds for food-based organizations in local communities, including Feeding America and Meals on Wheels. Chapters plan their own local events, which include fundraisers and galas.[30][31]

Chapters also plan social events such as formals and mixers with fraternities, host sisterhood activities and reunions, and participate in charity-related events.[14][32] As for academics, each chapter must maintain a 2.9 average GPA to remain in good standing with the national organization. The fraternity has scholastic recognition and programs for individuals who maintain a GPA above 3.14 and for chapters averaging from 3.14 to 3.5 and higher.[33]

Alpha Gamma Delta created an annual internal celebration called International Reunion Day in 1936, as many of its collegiate chapters could not celebrate the organization's Founder's Day on May 30 due to university vacation closures or final exams held on that day.[34] Collegiate and alumnae chapters were--and still are--encouraged to meet on the third Saturday of April instead.

Symbols

While Alpha Gamma Delta has no official symbols, it has official flowers, colors, and a jewel chosen by the founders.[1] Alpha Gamma Delta's flowers are red and buff roses, and green asparagus plusmosa ferns, matching the official colors red, buff, and green. The jewel is the pearl. The armorial bearings of the fraternity were designed by founding member Emily Helen Butterfield in 1906.

The fraternity's vision is to "Inspire the woman. Impact the world", while its motto is to "Loving, Leading, Lasting"

Mascot

In 1915, Gamma chapter at Wesleyan University chose the mascot, a squirrel, and named it Skiouros, with the following explanation:

[...] some [members] sought a mascot to symbolize the characteristics of the colors and progress of Alpha Gamma Delta ... the little squirrel, typical frequenter of autumn haunts, was chosen as the mascot. Our little friend, we find, is also nimble and agile--he leaps from branch to branch and [symbolizes] the spirit that never dies, the spirit of energetic alertness and progress.[35]

Badge

The fraternity's founders designed a badge; they decided on a new design submitted by Mr. J. F. Newman, a jeweler, in the following months: "The second, and current, badge features a plain Delta, a chased Gamma, and an Alpha set with pearls [the official jewel] or diamonds superimposed on the other two letters".[1] Members may attach one of several honors chains to their badges if they have received the appropriate honor.[16]

Membership

According to Alpha Gamma Delta, the fraternity has an initiated member base of over 197,000 and 123 active chapters. As with all National Panhellenic Conference (NPC) sororities, women may join Alpha Gamma Delta if they attend as an undergraduate a university with an active chapter from which they receive a membership offer.[14] Prospective members must meet the fraternity's national minimum GPA requirement (2.5/4.0) as well as the chapter's requirement. Alternatively, women past college-age may be invited or may apply to join via alumnae initiation if they are not already a member of another NPC sorority,[36] a process which 20 of the 26 NPC members also participate in.[37] Due to NPC agreements, no woman who has been initiated into another NPC sorority may join another one, although no NPC member is restricted from joining a professional or service Greek letter organization.

Collegiate members have chapter meetings, philanthropy events, and chapter leadership opportunities;[14] according to the fraternity's website, active membership involves programming with the Alpha, Gamma, and Delta Experiences.[38] Alumnae in good standing may join one of 250+ alumnae clubs in North America.

Leadership

International Headquarters is the governing body for all members--undergraduate and alumnae--and is headed by an International President. The International Headquarters calls an annual meeting of chapter presidents and any alumnae or collegiate members who wish to attend. As chapters expanded early in the 20th century, Alpha Gamma Delta established fraternity provinces organized by geographic region; these have directors who lead each province and represent them to the International Headquarters.[16]

Individual collegiate chapters follow a standardized leadership structure; they have an elected executive board consisting of a president and several vice presidents with different responsibilities. Alumnae often act as advisors or volunteers for a nearby collegiate chapter.[16]

In 1982, the fraternity launched an annual leadership program, The Leadership Conference, to provide its members with leadership education.[12] However, after continual requests for the program to speak at conferences, present at events, or run corporate retreats, this program branched into an organization of its own, the Leadership Institute, which now runs around 60 programs to address women's leadership, both inside and outside of workplaces and careers.[39]

Chapters

Alpha Gamma Delta has 199 collegiate chapters across North America; these are grouped and named by geographical region.[16] The longest-running active collegiate chapter is Delta Chapter at the University of Minnesota. Since its re-establishment in 2010, the oldest active collegiate chapter is the Alpha Chapter at Syracuse University.

Fraternity Housing Corporation

The Alpha Gamma Delta Fraternity Housing Corporation (FHC) is a 501(c)(7) organization formed in 2010 to provide student housing for members of Alpha Gamma Delta. Currently, the FHC provides property management services to about 90 collegiate chapters and about 100 staff members in the headquarters office and in local US chapters.[27] Outside of housing, the FHC manages meal services for the members of the fraternity. It reported assets of US $78 million in 2019.[40]

Notable alumnae

Business, philanthropy, education, and science

Entertainment and arts

Literature

Media

  • Andrea Mead Canning (Zeta Chi) - TV anchor, journalist (Dateline, Weekend Today)[63]
  • Cindy Luis (Delta Epsilon) - Sports writer, Honolulu Star-Advertiser. First female sports editor in the Gannett newspaper chain (Pacific Daily News Guam 1978). First female to head a sports department in Hawaii (Honolulu Star-Bulletin 1999</ref>


Politics

Sports

Controversies

In 1970, at Eastern Illinois University, Donna Bedlinger died from head trauma during a hazing ritual.[72] The hazing ritual involves all of the pledges being blindfolded and driven to an undisclosed location. Once their blindfolds are removed they have two options. The first option is to run after the car and if you successfully make it into the car, you get a ride home. The second option is to walk home, albeit while not knowing your exact location. In Bedlinger's case, she chased the car and slipped, which caused her to land onto a rock. In response, the punishment was a 2-year suspension. Currently there is still an Alpha Gamma Delta chapter at Eastern Illinois University.[73]

In 2000, a member at the University of Georgia filed a discrimination complaint against her chapter, alleging that members denied a black classmate a membership offer due to her race. The chapter was temporarily suspended and received racial sensitivity training.[74] After this incident, the university Interfraternity Conference created a diversity improvement program.[75]

In 2013 and 2014, sorority women from multiple chapters at the University of Alabama - including Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, Phi Mu, Kappa Delta, Pi Beta Phi, Delta Delta Delta, and Chi Omega - alleged that either active members or some alumnae had prevented them from offering membership to black candidates because of their race.[76][77] Alpha Gamma Delta member Melanie Gotz stated that the entire collegiate chapter had "wanted this girl to be in Alpha Gam [but] were just powerless over the alums." An alum denied the allegations in the report, and the national headquarters issued a statement saying that the sorority "prohibits discrimination on the basis of race in all of its activities including recruitment."[78] Gotz and fellow students held a campus march to integrate campus Greek life, and following media and national outcry, the university held a second round of recruitment to offer membership to more women, including black women.[76] The Alabama chapter initiated its first black member that year.[78]

See also

References

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  2. ^ Baird, William Raimond (1912). Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. G. Banta Company. p. 462.
  3. ^ a b c "The Syracuse Triad : Syracuse University Magazine". sumagazine.syr.edu. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Alpha Gamma Delta Quarterly". October 2019.
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External links


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