Amanatsu
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Amanatsu

Natsumikan / Amanatsu
Citrus kawanonatsudaidai fruit.jpg
Scientific classification
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C. × natsudaidai
Binomial name
Citrus × natsudaidai

Amanatsu (??) or natsumikan (()) is a yellowish orange citrus hybrid fruit, a group of cultivars of Citrus natsudaidai, which were discovered in 1740 in the Yamaguchi prefecture of Japan.

Names

In Japan, it is known as kawano natsu daidai ((?)), but also colloquially the amanatsu, amanatsu daidai (), amanatsukan (), and amanatsu mikan (?()).

Description

Natsumikan is about the size of grapefruit and oblate in shape. The fruit contains 12 segments and about 30 seeds. The rough textured fruit is easy to peel and is commonly eaten fresh. It is also used for wide variety of products ranging from marmalades to alcoholic beverages.

Cultivation

Natsumikan is grown commercially in Japan, notably in Yamaguchi, Kumamoto and Ehime prefecture. The city of Hagi is famous for its natsumikans, particularly when used in natsumikan juice and ice cream.

Yamaguchi Prefecture takes such pride in their natsumikan industry that the typically white crash barriers of Japan were changed to a befitting orange.

Genetics

The natsumikan tree is believed to be genetically derived from the pomelo (Citrus grandis or Citrus maxima).

Medicine

Researchers found that immature natsumikan peel is beneficial for the treatment of chronic allergic dermatitis in mice.[1]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Nakayama, N; Yamaura, K; Shimada, M; Ueno, K (2011). "Extract from peel of Citrus natsudaidai alleviates experimental chronic allergic dermatitis in mice". Pharmacognosy Research. 3: 155-9. doi:10.4103/0974-8490.84999. PMC 3193614. PMID 22022162.

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Amanatsu
 



 



 
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