Ambiguities in Chinese Character Simplification
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Ambiguities in Chinese Character Simplification

A number of Chinese characters are simplified-traditional multipairings (; ), which do not have a one-to-one mapping between their simplified and traditional forms.

This is usually because the simplification process merged two or more distinct characters into one. In most cases, these traditional characters are homonyms, having the same pronunciation but different meanings. As a result, converting text from simplified to traditional characters is difficult to automate, especially in the case of common characters such as ?? (behind, empress), ?? (table, clock), ?? (traitor, rape) and more.

In a smaller number of cases, a single traditional character is mapped to multiple simplified characters as the character is only simplified in one of its usages.

The following is an exhaustive list of all characters whose simplified and traditional forms do not map in a one-to-one manner. Simplified characters are marked with a pink background, and traditional characters with light blue.

1 to 2

1 to 3

[1]

1 to 4

1 to 5

1 to 9

2 to 1

Special cases

  • , : ? níng (limonene) is simplified to ? which is the traditional character for zhù (boehmeria) that in turn is simplified to ?.
  • , : ? shèn (extremely, exceed) and ? shí (ten, various) are the same in both simplified and traditional, while shén (what) is written ? in traditional and ? in simplified (and also as a variant in traditional).
  • , : ? zh? (a musical note) and ? zh?ng (journey, campaign) are the same in both simplified and traditional. However, another zh?ng (punish, seek, characteristic, levy) is written ? in traditional and ? in simplified.
  • , : A similar, but not entirely comparable situation is ? and ?, both pronounced hu?. The literary meaning "many, much" is written ? in both sets, and the meaning "meals" is written ? in both sets, but the meaning "partner, group, combine" generally prefers ? for traditional and ? for simplified, although as there is some overlap with the other meanings, the character choice is less strict.

References

  1. ^ ?:131?,?28?

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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