Amelia Court House, Virginia
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Amelia Court House, Virginia
Amelia Court House
County Courthouse in Amelia
County Courthouse in Amelia
Amelia Court House is located in Virginia
Amelia Court House
Amelia Court House
Location within the Commonwealth of Virginia
Amelia Court House is located in the United States
Amelia Court House
Amelia Court House
Amelia Court House (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°20?30.17?N 77°58?51.36?W / 37.3417139°N 77.9809333°W / 37.3417139; -77.9809333Coordinates: 37°20?30.17?N 77°58?51.36?W / 37.3417139°N 77.9809333°W / 37.3417139; -77.9809333
CountryUnited States
 o Total1,099
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 o Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes

Amelia Court House (also known as Amelia Courthouse and Amelia) is a census-designated place (CDP) that serves as the county seat of Amelia County, Virginia, United States.[1] The population as of the 2010 Census was 1,099.[2] It was named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, the daughter of Great Britain's King George II, in 1735.


Amelia Court House was in a rural area of the Virginia Piedmont developed for plantations of mixed crops. In the 19th century, spas were developed around mineral springs and served as vacation destinations for travelers. Some visitors arrived by railroad after one was built to serve the area. Among the planters who came to the spas with their families was Robert E. Lee, the future Confederate general.

By the 1860s, the village was served by a railroad that became relied on by the Confederacy. After General Robert E. Lee retreated from Petersburg in 1865, he spent April 4 and 5 in Amelia Court House waiting for supplies from Richmond. Those supplies never arrived. Instead, a train came through carrying government documents. The last major engagement of Lee's army with Union forces occurred April 6, 1865, on the border of Amelia County at the Battle of Sayler's Creek. Lee surrendered in Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.

Amelia's court clerks' offices contain records dating to before the Civil War, unlike many other courthouses that lost such records in wartime destruction. The Union forces were rushing to catch up to Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and did not ensure the courthouse records were burned. The iron shutters and brick construction of the courthouse protected its contents.[].

In the 20th century, this area was still known for the amazonite produced at the Morefield Mine.[3] This is a crystallized stone, a green variety of microcline feldspar.[4][5]

A countywide festival called Amelia Day is held each May on the Saturday before Mother's Day. This festival started in the 1980s to celebrate the town's founding. Vendors, local clubs, and citizens organize to enjoy music, dancing and socializing. At the first Amelia Day, residents signed a long roll that, along with other items, was put in a time capsule and buried in the courthouse green near the Confederate War Memorial.


In 2003, Amelia Day was cancelled after the courthouse green was struck by an F1 tornado[6] on Friday, May 8, the day before the festival. This tornado destroyed most of the trees on the green.

A small Virginia tornado alley exists in Central Virginia and Amelia County has had numerous tornado touchdowns. Tornadoes of note include the April 30, 1924, tornado that passed east of the courthouse area, killing one person and injuring seven others. This tornado traveled from Jetersville to Chula.[6] A tornado hit Amelia County on October 13, 1983, one of a family of tornadoes that affected much of Central and Northern Virginia.[6] Other stronger tornadoes have affected the county, especially to the east.


Business Routes

(Goode's Bridge Rd.)

State Routes

(Five Forks Rd., N. Five Forks Rd., and Virginia, Court, Washington, & Church Streets)


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Amelia Courthouse has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

Notable people

  • Toby Wing, early 20th century actress, was born in Amelia Courthouse.


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Virginia Trend Report 2: State and Complete Places (Sub-state 2010 Census Data). Archived 2012-07-11 at Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 8, 2011
  3. ^ D. Allen Penick, Jr. and Palmer C. Sweet, "Mineral Collecting Sites in Virginia," Virginia Minerals, May 1992, V. 38, No. 2, pp. 10-11 Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "amazonstone - mineral". Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Barthelmy, Dave. "Microcline Mineral Data". Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Bill Sammler (July 1, 2008). "Tornado History". Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM) Archived from the original on March 17, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "Climate Summary - Amelia Courthouse, Virginia". Retrieved 2014.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes