Andrew Wood of Largo
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Andrew Wood of Largo

Andrew Wood of Largo
Sir Andrew with two ships 'The yellow Carvel' and 'The Flower' beat four of the English.jpg
Sir Andrew with two ships 'The yellow Carvel' and 'The Flower' beat four of the English
BornScotland
Died1515
Scotland
Allegiance Kingdom of Scotland
Service/branch Royal Scots Navy
Years of service1488-1515
RankCaptain

Sir Andrew Wood of Largo (died 1515) was a Scottish sea captain. Beginning as a merchant in Leith, he was involved in national naval actions and rose to become Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He was knighted c. 1495. He may have transported James III across the Firth of Forth to escape the rebels in 1488.

He superintended the rebuilding of Dunbar Castle in 1497.

One of Andrew's sons, John Wood was assassinated in 1570. Andrew Wood is the subject of the historical novel The Admiral by Nigel Tranter.

Naval career

A model of the Yellow Carvel in the National Museum of Scotland

Wood began his naval career as a privateer under James III (reigned 1460-1488), and flourished under James IV (reigned 1488-1513). By 1489 he owned the Flower and the Yellow Carvel, both fighting ships, which fought and captured five English ships offshore near Dunbar. In response, the English launched a larger expedition the following year under Stephen Bull, which attacked Wood's ships in the Firth of Forth. The fight lasted two days (stopping only at night) and was watched by crowds in Edinburgh. Wood eventually triumphed, despite being outnumbered in ships and guns, and the English ships were captured.[1] James IV knighted Wood following this battle, and allowed him to impress some of the captured English sailors, who later were put to work build the castle at Largo.[2]

Wood's victory against Bull

Sir Andrew was the first Captain of James IV's carrack, the Great Michael, which when constructed was the largest ship in Christendom.

Notes

  1. ^ Sadler, p. 411
  2. ^ Tranter, p. 119

References

  • Sadler, John; Border Fury: England and Scotland at War 1296-1568, UK: Pearson Education Ltd, 2005 ISBN 1-4058-4022-6
  • Tranter, Nigel; The Story of Scotland,, Glasgow: Neil Wilson Publishing, 1993 ISBN 1-897784-07-4 (first published 1987 by Routledge & Keagan Paul Ltd)
  • Clan Wood Society



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