A CRRC subway train on the M2 line of the Ankara Metro
|Native name||Ankara Metrosu|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||5|
|Number of stations||56|
|Daily ridership||289,155 (average, 2014)|
|Annual ridership||Ankaray : 37.1 million (2014)|
Metro : 67.0 million (2014)
Total: 104.1 million (2013)
|Began operation||1996 / 1997|
|Operator(s)||Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)|
|Number of vehicles||432 (108 Bombardier, 324 CSR) |
|System length||64.36 km (39.99 mi)|
|Electrification||750 V DC Third rail|
The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of two metro lines - the Bat?kent Metrosu (M1)and the new Keçiören Metrosu (M4) line opened in 2017, along with the light rail Ankaray line. The Ankaray, the M1 and M4 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014. That corresponds to a ridership of approximately 289,155 per day. In February 2019 all the lines that used to run M1, M2 and M3 were merged to create one line, M1. 
The K?z?lay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction. Also, an additional line (approx. 25 km long) between Kuyuba and Esenbo?a International Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.
The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Rayl?, which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line) was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992-96). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between A?T? (Turkish: Ankara ?ehirleraras? Terminal letmesi - Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through underground tunnels. The line has 11 stations.
The M2 line, operating from K?z?lay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Bat?kent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.
The M4 line, operating from Atatürk Cultural Center to Gazino, opened on 5 January 2017.
The following table lists the five metro lines (including the Ankaray line) currently in service on the Ankara Metro:
|Ankaray||Dikimevi A?T?||1996||8.53 km (5.30 mi)||11|
|M1||K?z?lay Bat?kent||1997||14.66 km (9.11 mi)||12|
|M2||K?z?lay Koru||2014||16.59 km (10.31 mi)||12|
|M3||Bat?kent Törekent||2014||15.36 km (9.54 mi)||12|
|M4||Atatürk Cultural Center Gazino||2017||9.22 km (5.73 mi)||9|
|TOTAL:||64.36 km (39.99 mi)||56|
Ankaray vehicles on the Ankaray line are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) (operational speed: 38 km/h (24 mph)), and are equipped with regenerative braking.
The system is served by 11 three-car trainsets. Each traincar is 29-metre (95 ft) long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers; thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre (300 ft) long and can transport 925 passengers per train. The current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction (PPHPD).
The original vehicles used on the M1 line are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of the sixth-generation H-series trains used on the Toronto subway. The Toronto trains on which they were based on were built in 1986 by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. There are a total of 108 of these cars, which are usually configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic, and are all arranged longitudinally. There are no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear of each car.
Construction of the following metro lines are under construction or planned:
|Ankaray||A?T? Sö?ütözü||0.78 km (0.48 mi)||1||Under Construction|
|M4||Atatürk Cultural Center K?z?lay||3.3 km (2.1 mi)||3||Under Construction|
|M4||Kuyuba Esenbo?a International Airport||25 km (16 mi)||7||Planned|
|TOTAL:||29.08 km (18.07 mi)||11|