Ankara Metro
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Ankara Metro
Ankara Metro
AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Çayyolu Metro 19.JPG
A CRRC subway train on the M2 line of the Ankara Metro
Overview
Native nameAnkara Metrosu
LocaleAnkara, Turkey
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines5
Number of stations56
Daily ridership289,155 (average, 2014)
Annual ridershipAnkaray AnkarayLogo.png : 37.1 million (2014)[1]
Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png : 67.0 million (2014)[1]
Total: 104.1 million (2013)[1]
Websitehttp://www.ego.gov.tr
Operation
Began operation1996 AnkarayLogo.png / 1997 AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Operator(s)Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)
Number of vehicles432 (108 Bombardier, 324 CSR) AnkaraMetroLogo.png
33 (AnsaldoBreda) AnkarayLogo.png
Technical
System length64.36 km (39.99 mi)
Track gauge
Electrification750 V DC Third rail
System map
Ankara rapid transit network (with extensions under construction)

The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of two metro lines - the Bat?kent Metrosu (M1)and the new Keçiören Metrosu (M4) line opened in 2017, along with the light rail Ankaray line.[2] The Ankaray, the M1 and M4 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014.[1] That corresponds to a ridership of approximately 289,155 per day. In February 2019 all the lines that used to run M1, M2 and M3 were merged to create one line, M1. [3]

The K?z?lay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction.[2] Also, an additional line (approx. 25 km long) between Kuyuba and Esenbo?a International Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.

History

Ankaray

The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Rayl?,[4] which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line) was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992-96). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between A?T? (Turkish: Ankara ?ehirleraras? Terminal letmesi - Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through underground tunnels.[5] The line has 11 stations.[5]

Ankara Metro

K?z?lay subway station

The Ankara Metro has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full metro line, M1, traveling between K?z?lay, the city center, and Bat?kent.

The M2 line, operating from K?z?lay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Bat?kent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.

The M4 line, operating from Atatürk Cultural Center to Gazino, opened on 5 January 2017.

Operations

Lines

The following table lists the five metro lines (including the Ankaray line) currently in service on the Ankara Metro:

Line Route Opened Length[6] Stations[6]
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray Dikimevi A?T? 1996 8.53 km (5.30 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M1 K?z?lay Bat?kent 1997 14.66 km (9.11 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M2 K?z?lay Koru 2014 16.59 km (10.31 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M3 Bat?kent Törekent 2014 15.36 km (9.54 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Atatürk Cultural Center Gazino 2017 9.22 km (5.73 mi) 9
TOTAL: 64.36 km (39.99 mi) 56

Current stations

Ankaray (A1)

  • Dikimevi
  • Kurtulu? (transfer to: Ba?kentray (suburban rail))
  • Kolej
  • K?z?lay (transfer to: M1, M2)
  • Demirtepe
  • Maltepe
  • Tando?an
  • Be?evler
  • Bahçelievler
  • Emek
  • A?T?
  • Sö?ütözü (under construction - to open late 2018) (transfer to: M2)

Bat?kent Metrosu (M1)

Koru Metrosu (M2)

  • K?z?lay (transfer to: M1, Ankaray)
  • Necatibey
  • Milli Kütüphane
  • Sö?ütözü (transfer to: Ankaray)
  • Maden Teknik ve Arama
  • Orta Do?u Teknik Üniversitesi
  • Bilkent
  • Tar?m Bakanl/Dantay
  • Beytepe
  • Ümitköy
  • Çayyolu
  • Koru

Törekent Metrosu (M3)

  • Bat?kent (transfer to: M1)
  • Bati Merkez
  • Mesa
  • Botanik
  • Istanbul Yolu
  • Eryaman 1-2
  • Eryaman 5
  • Devlet Mah.
  • Harikalar Diyari
  • Fatih
  • GOP
  • OSB-Törekent

Keçiören Metrosu (M4)

Network map

Rolling stock

The original H6-series variant metro train on the M1 line of the Ankara Metro

Ankaray

Ankaray vehicles on the Ankaray line are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) (operational speed: 38 km/h (24 mph)),[5] and are equipped with regenerative braking.

The system is served by 11 three-car trainsets.[5] Each traincar is 29-metre (95 ft) long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers;[5] thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre (300 ft) long and can transport 925 passengers per train. The current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction (PPHPD).[5]

Ankara Metro

The original vehicles used on the M1 line are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of the sixth-generation H-series trains used on the Toronto subway. The Toronto trains on which they were based on were built in 1986 by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. There are a total of 108 of these cars, which are usually configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic, and are all arranged longitudinally. There are no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear of each car.

In 2012, a large order of 324 subway cars from CRRC Zhuzhou was placed to supplement the fleet on line M1 and for use on the newer M2, M3 and M4 lines.[7]

Future Service

Construction of the following metro lines are under construction or planned:

Line Route Length[6] Stations[6] Status
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray A?T? Sö?ütözü 0.78 km (0.48 mi) 1 Under Construction
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Atatürk Cultural Center K?z?lay 3.3 km (2.1 mi) 3 Under Construction
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Kuyuba Esenbo?a International Airport 25 km (16 mi) 7 Planned
TOTAL: 29.08 km (18.07 mi) 11

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "RAYLI S?STEM LETMELER? 2014 YILI TOPLAM YOLCU SAYILARI" [PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEM TOTAL NUMBER OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2014] (pdf) (in Turkish). EGO General Directorate. Retrieved – via http://www.ego.gov.tr/tr/sayfa/61/istatistikler.
  2. ^ a b Barrow, Keith. "Ankara opens metro Line M4". Retrieved .
  3. ^ http://urbanrail.net/as/tr/ankara/ankara.htm
  4. ^ "Ankaray" (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b c d e f "TEKN?K ÖZELL?KLER" [TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Archived from the original on 2016-03-14. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b c d "Ankara Rayl? ve Kablolu Sistemler" [Ankara Rayl? ve Kablolu Sistemler]. ego.gov.tr (in Turkish). EGO Genel Müdürlü?ü. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Barrow, Keith. "Ankara opens metro Line M4". Retrieved .
  • Ankara metro construction resumes soon in: [1] February 2012

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ankara_Metro
 



 



 
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