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bovine with large horns and mottled red-and-white markings
Conservation statusFAO (2007): not listed[1]
Country of originUnited States of America
  • Male:
    450-730 kg[2]
    average 590 kg[3]
  • Female:
    410-550 kg[2]
    average 476 kg[3]
Coatusually red
Horn statushorned, large thick horns
  • Cattle
  • Hybrid Bos (primigenius) taurus/indicus
In a safari park near Cambridge, Ontario, in Canada
Bulls at the Living Desert Museum in California

The Ankole-Watusi is a modern American breed of domestic cattle. It derives from the Ankole group of Sanga cattle breeds of central Africa. It is characterized by very large horns.


The Ankole-Watusi derives from cattle of Ankole type imported to Germany as zoo specimens in the early twentieth century from their former colony of Rwanda, to which they were indigenous. From Germany, these spread to other European zoos. Some were imported to the United States, and in 1960 a herd was started in New York State by cross-breeding some of them with an unrelated Canadian bull.[2] A breed society, the Ankole Watusi International Registry, was set up in 1983,[2] and in 1989 a breed standard was drawn up.[4] In 2016 the total number for the breed was thought to be approximately 1500 head, some 80% of them in the United States.[2]


The Ankole-Watusi may be a number of different colors, but is usually red. The horns are unusually large, with a wide spread[2] and the largest circumference found in any cattle breed. Guinness World Records lists a bull named CT Woodie with a horn circumference of 103.5 cm (40.7 in) and a steer named Lurch, with horns measuring 95.25 cm (37.50 in), as record-holders.[5][6]


  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  3. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Ankole-Watusi/United States of America. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2017.
  4. ^ Ankole-Watusi Cattle. Ankole Watusi International Registry. Accessed June 2017.
  5. ^ "Largest horn circumference - bull". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ "Largest horn circumference - steer". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2012.

Media related to Ankole-Watusi at Wikimedia Commons

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