Ann Druyan
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Ann Druyan
Ann Druyan
Ann Druyan Accepts Peabody Award for COSMOS A SpaceTime Odyssey.jpg
Ann Druyan, executive producer and writer of COSMOS: A SpaceTime Odyssey, accepting the Peabody award
Born (1949-06-13) June 13, 1949 (age 70)
Queens, New York, U.S.
Known forAuthor, activist, producer
Carl Sagan
(m. 1981; d. 1996)
ChildrenNicholas Jullian Zapata Sagan (1970, stepson with Carl Sagan)
Alexandra Rachel "Sasha" Druyan Sagan (1982)
Samuel Democritus Druyan Sagan (1991)

Ann Druyan ( DREE-ann;[1] born June 13, 1949) is an Emmy and Peabody Award-winning American writer, producer, and director specializing in the communication of science. She co-wrote the 1980 PBS documentary series Cosmos, hosted by Carl Sagan, whom she married in 1981. She is the creator, producer, and writer of the 2014 sequel, Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey and its upcoming new season, Cosmos: Possible Worlds. She is credited with directing episodes of both series as well.

She was the Creative Director of NASA's Voyager Interstellar Message Project, the golden discs affixed to both the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft.[2] Druyan's role on the project was discussed on the July 8, 2018 60 Minutes segment "The Little Spacecraft That Could."[3] In the segment, Druyan explained her insistence Chuck Berry's "Johnny B. Goode" be included on the Golden Record, saying, "...Johnny B. Goode, rock and roll, was the music of motion, of moving, getting to someplace you've never been before, and the odds are against you, but you want to go. That was Voyager." The segment also discussed Sagan's suggestion, in 1990, that Voyager 1 turns its cameras back towards Earth to take a series of photographs showing the planets of our solar system. The shots, showing Earth from a distance of 3.7 billion miles as a small point of bluish light, became the basis for Sagan's famous "Pale Blue Dot" passage, first published in Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space. (1994)

Druyan and Sagan's working and resulting romantic relationship has been the subject of numerous treatments in popular culture, including the Radiolab episode "Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan's Ultimate Mix Tape"[4] and a segment of the Comedy Central program Drunk History's episode, "Space."[5] In 2015, it was announced Warner Brothers was in development on a drama about Sagan and Druyan's relationship, to be produced by producer Lynda Obst and Druyan.[6]

The asteroids 2709 Sagan and 4970 Druyan are in perpetual wedding ring orbit around the Sun.[7]

Early life

Druyan was born in Queens, New York, the daughter of Pearl A. (née Goldsmith) and Harry Druyan, who co-owned a knitwear firm.[8][9][10] Druyan's early interest in math and science was, in her word, "derailed" when a junior high school teacher ridiculed a question she asked about the universality of pi. "I raised my hand and said, 'You mean this applies to every circle in the universe?', and the teacher told me not to ask stupid questions. And there I was having this religious experience, and she made me feel like such a fool. I was completely flummoxed from then on until after college." Druyan characterized her three years at New York University as "disastrous," and it wasn't until after she left school without graduating that she discovered the pre-Socratic philosophers and began her educating herself, thus leading to a renewed interest in science.[11]

Career as an author

Druyan's first novel, A Famous Broken Heart, was published in 1977.

Druyan co-wrote six New York Times best-sellers with Carl Sagan, including: Comet,[12]Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors,[13] and The Demon-Haunted World.[14][15] She is co-author, along with Carl Sagan, F. D. Drake, Timothy Ferris, Jon Lomberg and Linda Salzman Sagan, of Murmurs Of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record.[16] She also wrote the updated introduction to Sagan's book The Cosmic Connection, and the epilogue of Billions and Billions. She wrote the introduction to, and edited The Varieties of Scientific Experience, published from Sagan's 1985 Gifford lectures.

In 2019, Druyan will publish Cosmos: Possible Worlds (National Geographic Books), a companion volume to the television series of the same name.

Work in science

As creative director of NASA's Voyager Interstellar Message Project, Druyan worked with a team to design a complex message, including music and images, for possible alien civilizations. These golden phonograph records affixed to the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft are now beyond the outermost planets of the solar system and Voyager 1 has entered interstellar space. Both records have a projected shelf life of one billion years.[17][18]

Druyan is a fellow of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims for the Paranormal (CSICOP).[19]

Druyan served as program director of the first solar sail deep space mission, Cosmos 1, launched on a Russian ICBM in 2005.[20]

Druyan is involved in multiple Breakthrough Initiatives. With Frank Drake, Druyan is the co-chair of Breakthrough Message,[21] and she is also a member of Breakthrough Starshot.[22]

She is a member of the advisory board of The Carl Sagan Institute.[23]

Work in film and television

Neil deGrasse Tyson and Ann Druyan in Sydney

Druyan wrote and produced the 1987 PBS NOVA episode "Confessions of a Weaponeer" on the life of President Eisenhower's Science Advisor, George Kistiakowsky.[24]

In 2000, Druyan, together with Steve Soter, co-wrote Passport to the Universe, the inaugural planetarium show for the Rose Center for Earth and Space at the American Natural History Museum's Hayden Planetarium. The attraction is narrated by Tom Hanks.[25] Druyan and Soter also co-wrote The Search for Life: Are We Alone, narrated by Harrison Ford, which also debuted at the Hayden's Rose Center.[26]

In 2000, Druyan co-founded Cosmos Studios, Inc, with Joseph Firmage.[27] As CEO of Cosmos Studios, Druyan produces science-based entertainment for all media. In addition to Cosmos: A SpaceTime Odyssey, Cosmos Studios has produced Cosmic Africa,[28]Lost Dinosaurs of Egypt,[29] and the Emmy-nominated[30] documentary Cosmic Journey: The Voyager Interstellar Mission and Message.[31] In 2009, she distributed a series of podcasts called At Home in the Cosmos with Annie Druyan in which she described her works, the life of her husband, Carl Sagan, and their marriage.

Druyan was one of the three writers of the TV series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, along with Carl Sagan and Steven Soter. Druyan is credited, with Carl Sagan, as the co-creator and co-producer of the 1997 feature film Contact.[32]

In 2011, it was announced that Druyan would executive produce, co-write, and be one of the episodic directors for a sequel to Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, to be called Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, which began airing in March 2014.[33][34] Episodes premiered on Fox and also aired on National Geographic Channel on the following night.[35] At the time of its release, Fox gave the series the largest global rollout of a television series ever, debuting it in 180 countries. The premiere episode was shown across nine of Fox's cable properties in addition to the broadcast network in a "roadblock" style premiere. The series went on to become the most-watched series ever for National Geographic Channel International, with at least some part of the 13-episode series watched by 135 million people, including 45 million in the U.S.[36]


Druyan has for many years been a vocal advocate for nuclear disarmament. She was arrested three times at the Mercury, Nevada nuclear test site during Mikhail Gorbachev's unilateral moratorium on underground nuclear testing, with which President Ronald Reagan refused to cooperate. This included an arrest in June 1986, when Druyan crossed a white painted line indicating the test site's boundary; Sagan, who attended the same protest with Druyan, was not arrested.[37]

In the early 1990s, Druyan worked with Sagan and then-Senator Al Gore, Jr. and a host of religious and scientific leaders to bring the scientific and religious worlds together in a unified effort to preserve the environment, resulting in the Declaration of the 'Mission to Washington.'[38]

Druyan served as a founding director of the Children's Health Fund until the spring of 2004, a project that provides mobile pediatric care to homeless and disadvantaged children in more than half a dozen cities. She currently serves a member of their Advisory Board.[39]

Druyan has served on the Board of Directors of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) for over 10 years and was president from 2006 to 2010.[40][41]


In November 2006, Druyan was a speaker at "Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival".

In January 2007, she was a juror at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival, responsible for selecting the winner of the Alfred P. Sloan Prize for films about science and technology.[42]

In November 2007, Druyan was awarded the title of "Humanist Laureate" by the International Academy of Humanism.[43]

Religious and philosophical views

In an interview with Joel Achenbach of The Washington Post, Druyan stated that her early interest in science stemmed from a fascination with Karl Marx. Achenbach commented that "She had, at the time, rather vaporous standards of evidence," a reference to her belief in the ancient astronauts of Erich von Däniken and the theories of Immanuel Velikovsky pertaining to the Solar System.[44] Druyan freely acknowledged her past views and also said that they changed dramatically[clarification needed] after marrying Carl Sagan.[]


  • 2004 Richard Dawkins Award
  • 2014 Outstanding Writing for Nonfiction Programming Primetime Emmy Award[45]
  • 2015 The Award for Outstanding Producer of Non-Fiction Television from Producers Guild of America[46]
  • 2015 Writers Guild Award for "Documentary Script - Other than Current Events"[47]
  • 2017 Harvard Humanist of the Year Award[48]

See also


  1. ^ In the revised edition of Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, Ann Druyan introduces herself in a prologue to Episode No. 1 on YouTube.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "The little spacecraft that could". Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Carl Sagan And Ann Druyan's Ultimate Mix Tape". Retrieved .
  5. ^ Space, retrieved
  6. ^ "Warner Bros. Developing Drama About 'Cosmos' Author Carl Sagan and Wife Ann Druyan". TheWrap. 2015-08-18. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "10 Cool Things About Carl Sagan". HowStuffWorks. 2014-05-05. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "On the trail of the meaning of life". Toronto Star. 28 November 1992. p. J.8.
  9. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths DRUYAN, PEARL A. (NEE GOLDSMITH)". NY Times. May 1, 2005. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ Davidson, Keay; Sagan, Carl (1999-09-13). "Carl Sagan: A life". ISBN 9780471252863. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ Richman, Ruth. "LUCKY ANN DRUYAN ENJOYS A LIFE OF CURIOSITY". Retrieved .
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Sagan, Carl. Murmurs Of Earth : The Voyager Interstellar Record / Carl Sagan [... Et Al.]. n.p.: New York : Random House, c1978. ISBN 0-394-41047-5.
  17. ^ "Voyager The Interstellar Mission The Golden Record". NASA JPL. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ Wall, Mike. "Voyager 1 Has Left Solar System". Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ "CSI Fellows and Staff". Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ Kaplan, Mat. "Press Release Cosmos 1, The World's First Solar Sail Spacecraft, Achieves Critical Milestone". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ "Breakthrough Initiatives Message Leaders". Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ "Breakthrough Initiatives Starshot Leaders".
  23. ^ Glaser, Linda B. "Institute for Pale Blue Dots renamed in honor of Carl Sagan". Cornell Chronicle. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ "Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive PEACE, NUCLEAR ARMS". US Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ "Passport to the Universe PDF program".
  26. ^ "Interview with Ann Druyan and Steven Soter". Astrobiology Magazine. 2002-06-24. Retrieved .
  27. ^ "Press Release". Space Ref. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ Rogers, Ann. "Cosmic Africa explores Africa's astronomy". Science in Africa.
  29. ^ Boyle, Alan. "Lost Dinosaurs Rediscovered in Egypt". MSNBC. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ "THE 25th ANNUAL NEWS AND DOCUMENTARY EMMY AWARD NOMINEES" (PDF). Emmy Online. Retrieved 2016.
  31. ^ "Press Release Documentary chronicles the decades-long travels of Voyagers 1 and 2". Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) News. Archived from the original on 2016-08-11.
  32. ^ Contact (1997) - IMDb, retrieved
  33. ^ Vergano, Dan (2012-10-20). "Neil deGrasse Tyson tweets for science literacy". USA Today. Retrieved 2012.
  34. ^ "neiltyson". Retrieved
  35. ^ Wallenstein, Andrew. "TCA: Fox aims for repeat-free sked". Variety. Retrieved 2012.
  36. ^ Kissell, Rick; Kissell, Rick (2014-07-07). "'Cosmos' Draws Biggest Global Audience Ever for National Geographic Channel". Variety. Retrieved .
  37. ^ "Scores arrested at nuclear test site". UPI. Retrieved .
  39. ^ "Childrens Health Fund Advisory Council".
  40. ^ "About NORML, Ann Druyan". Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved .
  41. ^ "About NORML Foundation, Ann Druyan (President)". Archived from the original on January 4, 2011. Retrieved .
  42. ^ "2007 Sundance Film Festival Jurors". Sundance Film Festival. Archived from the original on 7 September 2007. Retrieved .
  43. ^ "Humanist Hub : Press Release: Humanist Hub Announces Humanist of the Year Recipient". Retrieved .
  44. ^ Achenbach, Joel (1999). Captured by Aliens: the search for life and truth in a very large universe. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 95-6. ISBN 0-684-84856-2. Her interest in science came primarily from her interest in the philosophy of Karl Marx. ... Druyan herself had, at the time, rather vaporous standards of evidence for her many sundry beliefs (as she later acknowledged). She believed ... that Immanuel Velikovsky in the 1950s had correctly deduced the truth about the solar system. ... She believed in the ancient astronauts of Erich von Daniken.
  45. ^ "Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for Nonfiction Programming", Wikipedia, 2019-04-11, retrieved
  46. ^ "2015 PGA Awards Winners". Producer's Guild of America. Archived from the original on 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ McNary, Dave; McNary, Dave (2015-02-15). "'Grand Budapest Hotel,' 'True Detective' Top WGA Awards". Variety. Retrieved .
  48. ^ "Ann Druyan: Harvard Humanist of the Year Award". Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes