Antipyretic
Get Antipyretic essential facts below. View Videos or join the Antipyretic discussion. Add Antipyretic to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Antipyretic
Coated 200 m g tablets of ibuprofen, a common antipyretic

Antipyretics are substances that reduce fever. Antipyretics cause the hypothalamus to override a prostaglandin-induced increase in temperature. The body then works to lower the temperature, which results in a reduction in fever.

Most antipyretic medications have other purposes. The most common antipyretics in the United States are ibuprofen and aspirin, which are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used primarily as analgesics (pain relievers), but which also have antipyretic properties; and acetaminophen (paracetamol), an analgesic with weak anti-inflammatory properties.[1]

There is some debate over the appropriate use of such medications, as fever is part of the body's immune response to infection.[2][3] A study published by the Royal Society claims fever suppression causes at least 1% or more influenza cases of death in the United States, which results in at least 700 extra deaths per year.[4]

Non-pharmacological treatment

Bathing or sponging with lukewarm or cool water can effectively reduce body temperature in those with heat illness, but not usually in those with fever.[5] The use of alcohol baths is not an appropriate cooling method, because there have been reported adverse events associated with systemic absorption of alcohol.[6]

Medications

Many medications have antipyretic effects and thus are useful for fever but not in treating illness, including:

Children

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notes that improper dosing is one of the biggest problems in giving acetaminophen (paracetamol) to children.[7] The effectiveness of acetaminophen alone as an antipyretic in children is uncertain, with some evidence showing it is no better than physical methods.[8] Therapies involving alternating doses of acetaminophen and ibuprofen have shown greater antipyretic effect than either drug alone.[9] One meta-analysis indicated that ibuprofen is more effective than acetaminophen in children at similar doses when both are given alone.[10]

Due to concerns about Reye syndrome, it is recommend that aspirin and combination products containing aspirin not be given to children or teenagers during episodes of fever-causing illnesses.[11][12]

Plants

Traditional use of higher plants with antipyretic properties is a common worldwide feature of many ethnobotanical cultural systems. In ethnobotany, plants with naturally occurring antipyretic properties are commonly referred to as febrifuge.[13][14]

Popular culture

Antipyretic was the word spelled by Joanne Lagatta to win the 1991 Scripps National Spelling Bee.

On the second disc for the Final Fantasy Tactics soundtrack, there is a track titled Antipyretic.

References

  1. ^ "Acetaminophen," National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Modified 2016-08-07, Accessed 2016-08-16.
  2. ^ "Mayo Clinic".
  3. ^ "Medline Plus".
  4. ^ Kupferschmidt, Kai (2014-01-21). "Fight the Flu, Hurt Society?". ScienceNow.
  5. ^ "UpToDate Inc".
  6. ^ Sullivan, J. E.; Committee On, H. C.; Sullivan, J. E.; Farrar, H. C. (2011). "Fever and Antipyretic Use in Children". Pediatrics. 127 (3): 580-587. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-3852. PMID 21357332.
  7. ^ Reducing Fever in Children: Safe Use of Acetaminophen
  8. ^ Meremikwu M, Oyo-Ita A (2002). Meremikwu MM (ed.). "Paracetamol for treating fever in children". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD003676. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003676. PMC 6532671. PMID 12076499. Trial evidence that paracetamol has a superior antipyretic effect than placebo is inconclusive.
  9. ^ E. Michael Sarrell, MD; Eliahu Wielunsky, MD; Herman Avner Cohen, MD (2006). "Antipyretic treatment in young children with fever: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or both alternating in a randomized, double-blind study". Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 160 (2): 197-202. doi:10.1001/archpedi.160.2.197. PMID 16461878. Retrieved .
  10. ^ Kauffman, Ralph; Sawyer, L.A.; Scheinbaum, M.L. (1992). "Antipyretic Efficacy of Ibuprofen vs Acetaminophen". Am J Dis Child. 146 (5): 622-625. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1992.02160170102024.
  11. ^ CDC Study Shows Sharp Decline in Reye's Syndrome among U.S. Children Archived November 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Reye's syndrome - Prevention
  13. ^ Schultes, R.E.; Raffauf, R.F. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes. XXXIX. Febrifuges of northwest Amazonia. Harvard Papers in Botany Vol. 5, pp. 52-68. 1994.
  14. ^ Biren N. Shah and Avinash K. Seth Medicinal Plants as a Source of Anti-Pyretic Agents - A Review http://scholarsresearchlibrary.com/aasr-vol2-iss3/AASR-2010-2-3-188-195.pdf

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Antipyretic
 



 



 
Music Scenes