Aragonese Corts
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Aragonese Corts
Aragonese Corts

Cortes de Aragón
Aragon unicameral legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesUnicameral
Leadership
Javier Sada, PSOE
since 19 June 2019
Vice President
María Rodrigo, PSOE
since 19 June 2019
Second Vice President
Ramiro Domínguez, Cs
since 19 June 2019
Secretary
Itxaso Cabrera, Podemos-Equo
since 19 June 2019
Second Secretary
Jesús Fuertes, PP
since 19 June 2019
Structure
Seats67
AragonCortesDiagram2019.svg
Political groups
Government (36)

Opposition (31)

  •      PP (16)
  •      Cs (12)
  •      Vox (3)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
26 May 2019
Meeting place
Aljafería2.JPG
Aljafería Palace, modern location of the Aragonese Parliament or Corts.

The Aragonese Corts (Spanish: Cortes de Aragón, Aragonese: Cortz d'Aragón, Catalan: Corts d'Aragó) is the regional parliament for the Spanish autonomous community of Aragon. The Corts traces its history back to meetings summoned by the Kings of Aragon which began in 1162. Abolished in 1707, the Corts were revived in 1983 following the passing of a Statute of Autonomy.

Early Corts

The King of Aragon was bound to summon the Corts at least once every five years, and, following the union with Catalonia, annually.[1] The main business of the Corts was judicial: solving disputes between individuals or towns or dealing with complaints or grievances concerning the King's officers or Estates.[1] The Corts also approved legislation and voted on tax issues.[1] The Corts was organised into four Estates or branches: the clergy, the great nobles (Spanish: Ricos hombres), the Knights and the towns.[2]

For the more important laws, unanimity was required between each of the Corts' four Estates ('nemine descriptante').[1] Each member could veto any law, in which case the decision would be recorded as 'unamiter excepto N.N.' which allowed for further debates and discussions, although these too often ended in stalemates with no agreement being reached.[1] In such cases, the decision was referred to a permanent committee which consisted of two representatives of each Estate who would judge whether the existing majority will was sound or not.[1] These Corts were the model for the parliaments of Sardinia and Sicily.[1] The Corts survived until 1707 when Philip V issued the Nueva Planta decrees, centralising political power and abolishing the former regional assemblies of the Crown of Aragon.

Current Corts

Chamber of the legislative assembly of Aragon in the Aljafería

The modern Corts were established in 1983 under Article 12 of the Statute of Autonomy for Aragon.[3] This statute also sets out the functions of the Aragonese assembly in Article 16 and these include the election of the President of Aragon, approving the actions and legislation of the President, creating legislation, amending the Constitution of Aragon and supervising any relevant planning or economic projects. It must monitor borrowing and spending and appoint an Auditor General for Aragon. Additionally the legislature must elect the appropriate number of Senators to serve in the Spanish Senate.[3]

Speakers of the Corts

Party strength (1983-present)

Below is a summary of election results from the first Corts election to the present. The largest party after each election is denoted in bold.

Party 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015
PSOE 33 27 30 19 23 27 30 22 18
PP 18 13 17 27 28 22 23 30 21
PAR 13 19 17 14 10 8 9 7 6
CHA - - - 2 5 9 4 4 2
IUA 1 2 3 5 1 1 1 4 1
P's - - - - - - - - 14
C's - - - - - - - - 5
CDS 1 6 - - - - - - -

Presidents and Governments of Aragon

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Colomer, Josep Maria (2003). Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice. Oxford University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-19-924184-2. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Marriott, John Arthur Ransome (1970). This Realm of England; Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy. Ayer Publishing. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-8369-5611-5. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "Aragonese Statute of Autonomy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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