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Arame(Arama or Aramu)
King of Urartu
Reign858-844 BC
PredecessorKingdom established
Urartu under Aramu

Arame or Aramu (Armenian?) (ruled 858-844 BC) was the first known king of Urartu.[1]

Living at the time of King Shalmaneser III of Assyria (ruled 859-824 BC), Arame united the Nairi tribe against the threat of the Assyrian Empire. His capital at Arzashkun was captured by Shalmaneser.[2]

Arame has been suggested as the prototype of both Aram (and, correspondingly the popular given name Aram)[3] and Ara the Beautiful, two of the legendary forefathers of the Armenian people.[4] Khorenatsi's History (1.5) puts them six and seven generations after Haik,[5] in the chronology of historian Mikayel Chamchian dated to the 19th to 18th century BC.

The name Arame is likely an Armenian name originally derived from Proto-Indo-European *r?mo-, meaning "black".[6] The name is related to Hindu Rama.[]

See also


  1. ^ History in Africa, Volume 2, p. 93. African Studies Association., 1975.
  2. ^ The Ancient Assyrians - Page 12 by Mark Healy
  3. ^ "?" in H. A?a?ean (1926-35), Hayoc? Anjnanunneri Ba?aran (Yerevan: Yerevan State University), 2nd ed., 1942-62
  4. ^ Lang (1970), p. 85.
  5. ^ ?. ?. «? ?», ?.: « », 1970, ?. 419 420.
  6. ^ Petrosyan, Armen The Indo-European and Ancient Near Eastern Sources of the Armenian Epic [1] (2002) pp. 73.

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