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Arame or Aramu (Armenian?) (ruled 858-844 BC) was the first known king of Urartu.
Living at the time of King Shalmaneser III of Assyria (ruled 859-824 BC), Arame united the Nairi tribe against the threat of the Assyrian Empire. His capital at Arzashkun was captured by Shalmaneser.
Arame has been suggested as the prototype of both Aram (and, correspondingly the popular given name Aram) and Ara the Beautiful, two of the legendary forefathers of the Armenian people. Khorenatsi's History (1.5) puts them six and seven generations after Haik, in the chronology of historian Mikayel Chamchian dated to the 19th to 18th century BC.
The name Arame is likely an Armenian name originally derived from Proto-Indo-European *r?mo-, meaning "black". The name is related to Hindu Rama.
- ^ History in Africa, Volume 2, p. 93. African Studies Association., 1975.
- ^ The Ancient Assyrians - Page 12 by Mark Healy
- ^ "?" in H. A?a?ean (1926-35), Hayoc? Anjnanunneri Ba?aran (Yerevan: Yerevan State University), 2nd ed., 1942-62
- ^ Lang (1970), p. 85.
- ^ ?. ?. «? ?», ?.: « », 1970, ?. 419 420.
- ^ Petrosyan, Armen The Indo-European and Ancient Near Eastern Sources of the Armenian Epic  (2002) pp. 73.