Arar (city)
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Arar City
Arar

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Arar is located in Saudi Arabia
Arar
Arar
Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 30°59?N 41°1?E / 30.983°N 41.017°E / 30.983; 41.017
CountryFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
ProvinceNorthern Borders
Established1951
Elevation
536 m (1,759 ft)
Population
(2010)
 o Total166,512
Time zoneUTC+3
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3
Area code(s)+966-
Websitewww.arar-mu.gov.sa

Arar (Arabic: ??Ar?ar  ['?ar?ar]) is the capital of Northern Borders Province in Saudi Arabia. It has a population of 145,237 (2004 census).[1]

Arar is located in northern Saudi Arabia near the Iraqi border. It is known for its fertile pasture lands[] which lends itself well to its principal occupation of sheep and camel herding.[] The population of the entire Northern Borders Province, including the cities of Rafha, Turayf and Alaoiqilah and suburban villages and their inhabitants, was 320,524 at the 2010 census. Arar serves as a significant supply stop for travelers on the Saudi Arabian highway 85.

History

The city of Arar was founded in 1951, after the construction of the Aramco oil pipeline (Tapline) was completed. It was initially an oil pumping station with a health center and worker housing. Workers at Arar were primarily from the regions of Al-Ahsa, Ha'il, Yanbu and Al Wajh.[]

Arar got its name from the original oil field that existed before the town, "Field RR", one of many in the country, where it was known by the locals as "R.R." which later became ?Ar?ar.[] The name Arar means juniper in Arabic.[]

In 1968, the remains of an ancient city were unearthed 30 km from the city of 'Ar'ar. The site yielded numerous sculptures of fish, turtles and other aquatic animals.[]

A summit meeting between King Saud and King Hussein of Jordan took place in 'Ar'ar during the reigns of the two monarchs.[when?]

Iraqi Airways Flight 163, crashed near the 'Ar'ar airport on 25 December 1986.[2]

The Islamic State may have plans to attack the city as part of their 2014 insurgency.[3] On 5 January 2015 two Saudi border guards were killed in a suicide attack by the Islamic State at the Ar Ar Border Crossing.[4]

Geography

Arar is located in the north of Saudi Arabia, in the heart of a vast rocky limestone plain. It lies about 1100 km northwest of Riyadh, and about 60 km from the Iraqi border.[5] its 12 h 34 min (1,451.3 km) away from Jeddah.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies the climate of Arar as hot desert (BWh).[6] Winds generally blow from the east or west, rarely from the south. The rainfall in the region has declined gradually over recent years. Snow is not uncommon, falling on average every two to three years.[]

Climate data for Arar, Saudi Arabia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
17.8
(64.0)
21.8
(71.2)
28.2
(82.8)
37
(99)
38.1
(100.6)
40.5
(104.9)
40.2
(104.4)
37.7
(99.9)
31.3
(88.3)
22.5
(72.5)
15.8
(60.4)
28.8
(83.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.3)
21.1
(70.0)
26.8
(80.2)
30.
(86)
33
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
29.7
(85.5)
23.8
(74.8)
16.1
(61.0)
9.5
(49.1)
21.5
(70.6)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
5.1
(41.2)
7.4
(45.3)
14
(57)
19.6
(67.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.1
(77.2)
21.7
(71.1)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
3.3
(37.9)
14.5
(58.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.8)
9
(0.4)
16
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
2
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.3)
8
(0.3)
15
(0.6)
96
(3.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 537m)[6]

References

  1. ^ Arar, Saudi Arabia Video | Tourism and Events
  2. ^ "THE WORLD; 62 Are Killed In Hijacking Of Iraqi Jetliner". The New York Times. 28 December 1986.
  3. ^ "Reported ISIS Member Says They Will Destroy The Kaaba In Mecca, 'Kill Those Who Worship Stones'". Huffington Post. 1 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Two Saudi guards killed in suicide attack on Iraq border". The Guardian. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ Dilip Hiro (19 August 2002). "Iraq Woos Its Neighbors". The Nation. 275 (6). Retrieved 2014. - via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ a b "Climate: Arar - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved .

Coordinates: 30°59?N 41°01?E / 30.983°N 41.017°E / 30.983; 41.017


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Arar_(city)
 



 



 
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