Arkansas's 1st Congressional District
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Arkansas's 1st Congressional District
Arkansas's 1st congressional district
Arkansas-first-congressional-district-2013.svg
Representative
Area17,521 sq mi (45,380 km2)
Distribution
  • 55.5% rural
  • 44.5% urban
Population (2018)724,622[1]
Median household
income
$41,553[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+17[2]

Arkansas's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in eastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives.

It is currently represented by Republican Rick Crawford.

Geography

2003-2013

The district from 2003 to 2013

Before the 2010 census, the 1st district represented portions of northeastern Arkansas, encompassing the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.

2013-2023

The district took in additional counties in the southeastern portion that were part of the 4th district which in turn took the entire eastern Arkansas border. It fully encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Chicot, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff. The district also encompasses parts of Jefferson county.

Character

The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996.

Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.

Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. While Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta.

Until recently, this resulted is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. However, the district has been swept up in the growing Republican trend in Arkansas. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here. The Republican vote has steadily increased since then, culminating in Donald Trump tallying 65 percent of the vote in 2016, his best showing in the state.

Recent election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 51 - 45%
2004 President Bush 54 - 44%
2008 President McCain 59 - 38%
2012 President Romney 61 - 36%
2016 President Trump 65 - 30%

List of members representing the district

The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district.

Member Party Year Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1853
Alfred B. Greenwood Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1859
33rd
34th
35th

Elected in 1853.
Re-elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
[data unknown/missing]
Hindman, Thomas Carmichael, 1828-1868-full.jpg
Thomas C. Hindman
Democratic March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Resigned.
Vacant March 4, 1861 -
June 22, 1868
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War and Reconstruction
Logan H. Roots Republican June 22, 1868 -
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected in 1868 to finish term.
Re-elected in 1868.
Lost re-election.
James M. Hanks Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
Asa Hodges Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
LCGause.jpg
Lucien C. Gause
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
Poindexter Dunn Democratic March 4, 1879 -
March 3, 1889
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
[data unknown/missing]


William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1889 -
March 5, 1890
51st Lost contested election.
Lewis P. Featherstone Labor March 5, 1890 -
March 3, 1891
51st Successfully contested William H. Cate's 1888 election.
[data unknown/missing]
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1891 -
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
[data unknown/missing]
Philip D. McCulloch Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
[data unknown/missing]


RobertBMacon.jpg
Robert B. Macon
Democratic March 4, 1903 -
March 3, 1913
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
[data unknown/missing]
Thaddeus H. Caraway.jpg
Thaddeus H. Caraway
Democratic March 4, 1913 -
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
WilliamJDriver.jpg
William J. Driver
Democratic March 4, 1921 -
January 3, 1939
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
[data unknown/missing]
Ezekiel Gathings.jpg
Ezekiel C. Gathings
Democratic January 3, 1939 -
January 3, 1969
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
[data unknown/missing]
William Alexander, Jr.jpg
William Vollie Alexander Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1969 -
January 3, 1993
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
[data unknown/missing]
Blanche Lincoln official portrait.jpg
Blanche Lincoln
Democratic January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 1997
103rd
104th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Retired.
Rep Marion Berry.jpg
Robert Marion Berry
Democratic January 3, 1997 -
January 3, 2011
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired.
Rick Crawford, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Rick Crawford
Republican January 3, 2011 -
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Incumbent.

Recent election results

2002

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 129,701 67%
Republican Tommy F. Robinson 64,357 33%
Majority 65,344 33%
Total votes 194,058 100.00
Democratic hold

2004

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 162,388 67%
Republican Vernon Humphrey 81,556 33%
Majority 80,832 33%
Total votes 243,944 100.00
Democratic hold

2006

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 127,577 69%
Republican Mickey Stumbaugh 56,611 31%
Majority 70,966 39%
Total votes 184,188 100.00%
Democratic hold

2008

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 124,304 100%
Majority 100%
Total votes 124,304 100%
Democratic hold

2010

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Crawford 93,224 52%
Democratic Chad Causey 78,267 43%
Green Ken Adler 8,320 5%
Write-in Write-ins 205 0.11%
Majority 14,957 9%
Total votes 180,016 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Crawford* 138,800 56%
Democratic Scott Ellington 96,601 39%
Libertarian Jessica Paxton 6,427 3%
Green Jacob Holloway 5,015 2%
Majority 42,199 17.10%
Total votes 246,843 100.00%
Republican hold

2014

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Crawford* 124,139 63%
Democratic Jackie McPherson 63,555 32%
Libertarian Brian Scott Willhite 8,562 5%
Majority 60,584 31%
Total votes 196,256 100.00%
Republican hold

2016

Arkansas's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2016[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Crawford* 183,866 76.28%
Libertarian Mark West 57,181 23.72%
Majority 126,685 52.56%
Total votes 241,047 100.00%
Republican hold

2018

The 2018 election was held on November 6, 2018.

Arkansas' 1st congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rick Crawford (incumbent) 138,757 68.9
Democratic Chintan Desai 57,907 28.8
Libertarian Elvis Presley 4,581 2.3
Total votes 201,245 100.0
Republican hold

See also

References

Specific
  1. ^ a b "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ 2016 election results
General
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774-present

Coordinates: 35°17?38?N 91°15?30?W / 35.29389°N 91.25833°W / 35.29389; -91.25833


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