The Armada Tapestries were a series of tapestries that commemorated the defeat of the Spanish Armada. They were commissioned in 1591 by the Lord High Admiral, Howard of Effingham, who had commanded the Royal Navy against the Armada.
The Queen's Surveyor of Buildings, Robert Adams, had been instructed by Effingham shortly after the battle to make charts of the engagements between the English and Spanish navies. The Dutch painter Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom used these as his guide for the design of the tapestries and they were made in the Delft workshops of François Spierincx. In 1595 Effingham paid £1,582 for the completed tapestries and in 1612 he sold them to James I for £1,628-8-0.
In 1649, after the execution of Charles I, Parliament ordered inventories of the goods belonging to Charles to be drawn up in preparation for their sale. The tapestries were listed at the Royal Wardrobe in the Tower of London and were valued at £2,113-10-0. However, the Council of State decided to retain the tapestries for Oliver Cromwell's use in Whitehall. In 1651 they were hung in the recently abolished House of Lords, which was used for the meetings of the committee of Parliament. They remained there until destroyed in the Burning of Parliament of 1834.