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|Armed Forces of South Russia|
Most territory controlled by South Russian forces as of October 1919
|Active||8 January 1919 - April 1920|
|Size||85,000 (January 1919)|
160,000 (July 1919)
270,000 (October 1919)
The Armed Forces of South Russia (AFSR) (Russian: ? , romanized: Vooruzhyonniye sily Yuga Rossii, VSYuR) were the unified military forces of the White movement in southern Russia between 1919 and 1920.
The Armed Forces of South Russia were formed on 8 January 1919, incorporating the Volunteer Army (which was renamed the Caucasian Volunteer Army). In addition, the AFSR included the Don Army, the Crimean-Azov Army, the Forces of Northern Caucasus and the Turkestan Army.
In January 1919, it numbered 51,000 Infantry, 34,000 Cavalry, 204 Field guns, 682 machine guns and 6 armoured trains. By July 1919 it had grown to 104,000 Infantry, 56,000 Cavalry, 600 Field guns, 1,500 machine guns, 19 aircraft, 34 armoured trains, 1 Cruiser, 5 Destroyers, 4 Submarines and 20 Gunboats. By October, after heavy losses and the transfer of units to other armies, the armies' strength fell drastically.[dubious ]
On 22 May 1919, the Caucasian Volunteer Army was split into two formations: the Caucasus Army, and the Volunteer Army. The Caucasus Army disbanded on January 29, 1920 and was replaced by the short-lived Kuban Army. Troops of the Kuban Army ended up surrendering by April 18-20, 1920 to the Red Army. The Volunteer Army continued to exist from May 22, 1919 until March 26/27, 1920, when the remaining troops were evacuated from Novorossiysk to Crimea. Most then merged there with Wrangel's forces.
In early April 1920, Anton Denikin, commander-in-chief of the AFSR, delegated all authority to Pyotr Wrangel, who took command of the so-called "Russian Army", which included all units remaining from the AFSR after its defeat in the Northern Caucasus.
Volunteer Army (known as Caucasian Volunteer Army from January 23 - May 22, 1919)
Commanders: Gen. Anton Denikin (April 1918 - April 1920)
Turkestan Army (formed on 22 January 1919)
Commanders: Ippolit Savitsky (April - July 1919), Aleksander Borovsky (July - October 1919), Boris Kazanovich (October 1919 - February 1920).
Military map of March 1919 after the Armistice of Mudros
Volunteer Army armoured train "United Russia" on its way towards Tsaritsyn, June 1919
Don Army troops and Major General Vladimir Sidorin (center) with a Mark V tank in 1919
Don Army Austin Armoured Car named "Ataman Bogayevsky" in 1919