Army of Wrangel
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Army of Wrangel
Russian Army / Army of Wrangel
? /
ActiveMarch 1920 - November 1920
AllegianceGovernment of South Russia
HeadquartersSevastopol, Taurida Governorate
EngagementsRussian Civil War
Commanders
CommanderPyotr Wrangel

The Russian Army (Russian: ? ), commonly known as the Army of Wrangel ( ), was a White Army active in South Russia during the Russian Civil War from March to November 1920. It was officially formed on 28 April 1920 from the merger of several White armies, including the Volunteer Army, in a reorganization of the Armed Forces of South Russia. The Army of Wrangel, nicknamed after its commander General Pyotr Wrangel, fought against Bolshevik forces in the Southern Front and the Ukrainian War of Independence. In November 1920, following defeat at the Siege of Perekop, the Army of Wrangel was evacuated from Crimea and subsequently dissolved. Veterans of the army were among the founders of the Russian All-Military Union.

Composition

The Russian Army had a staff and five Army Corps:

  • Staff (military leadership, engineering direction, headquarters at Sevastopol, general staff, naval direction, counter-espionage, and others). Chief of Staff: General Pavel Chatilov.
  • The 1st Army Corps : the Drozdovski, Markov, Kornilov and Alekseev divisions under command of Lieutenant-General Alexander Kutepov,
  • The 2nd Army Corps : {13th and 34th infantry divisions and cavalry brigade under command of Lieutenant-general Yakov Slashchov,
  • The Don Corps, formed on 1 May 1920 : 2nd and 3rd Don divisions and a guard brigade. Integrated in the 1st Army Corps on 4 September 1920. Commander: Fyodor Abramov,
  • The Corps of Pyotr Pisarev: 3rd Cavalry division, Kuban Cossack division of Kuban and the brigades of Terek-Astrakhan and Chechnya. Formerly part of the Volunteer Army. Transformed on 7 July 1920 into the Cavalry Corps, grouping of the 1st and 2nd Cavalry divisions under Ivan Barbovitch. Incorporated into the 1st Army Corps on 4 September 1920.
  • The group of lieutenant-general Sergei Ulagay, units dedicated to the landing in Kuban : 1st and 2nd Kuban Cossacks divisions and Terek-Astrakhan Brigade.

Strength

  • May 1920: 22,000 to 27,000 men (at the beginning of 1920 in Crimea 3,500 men, approximately 35,000 to 40,000 were evacuated from the North Caucasus).
  • June 1920: 25,000 men.
  • September 1920: the army and its rear bases had about 300,000 men, of whom about 50,000 on the front, 80,000 in the military camps and 30,000 injured. In September the combat troops of the army counted 30,000 to 35,000 men (33,000 in mid-September).
  • October 1920: 25,000 to 27,000. Of the 50,000 Russian Army officers, 6,000 were in the combat troops, 13,000 in support of the front, and 31,000 at the back (including the sick and wounded).[1]

References

Sources

  • This is a translation of an article in the Russian Wikipedia, ? .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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