Artemisia (Cavalli)
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Artemisia Cavalli

Artemisia is an opera ("dramma per musica") in three acts and a prologue by the Italian composer Francesco Cavalli from a libretto written by Nicolò Minato. It was first performed at the Teatro San Giovanni e San Paolo, Venice on 10 January 1657 and revived in Naples in 1658, Palermo in 1659, Milan in 1663 and Genoa in 1665.[1][2]

Performance history

The performances included a number of substitution arias, and in the 1656 libretto, next to Erillo's aria "Chiedete e sperate", was noted the instruction "a different aria to be sung every night".[3]

Artemisia was performed by Helios Early Opera in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in January 2013, the North American premiere of the work.[4]


The story is based on the convention which Cavalli had established in several of his 10 earlier operas with the librettist Faustini. It features two pairs of crossed lovers reunited by a benign monarch, and is a story of love, betrayal, virtue and honour set in the Venetian Republic. It touches on politics, social issues and the moral values of three couples.[5]


  • Artemisia: Francesca Lombardi Mazzulli, Roberta Mameli, Marina Bartoli, La Venexiana, Claudio Cavina, Glossa 2011



  1. ^ Fabris, p. ?: "We have not only copies of the libretto (Venice, 1656), Sartori 3126, but also Cavalli's score (I-Vnm), which has been recently studied by Hendrik Schulze, referring to the 1657 Production of Francesco Cavalli's Artemisia.
  2. ^ Glover, p. 
  3. ^ Ellen Rosand, Opera in Seventeenth-Century Venice: The Creation of a Genre p. 237, n. 53.
  4. ^ Helios Early Opera website Archived 2013-04-20 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 26 November 2012
  5. ^ Hendrik Schulze's essay to accompany the libretto in the Glossa recording.


  • Brenac, Jean-Claude, Le magazine de l'opéra baroque on Retrieved 9 September 2011
  • Fabris, Dinko, Music in Seventeenth-Century Naples: Francesco Provenzale (1624-1704) Ashgate Publishing, 2007 ISBN 0754637212 ISBN 9780754637219
  • Glover, Jane, Cavalli: A Biography, HarperCollins Distribution Services, 1978 ISBN 9780713410075 ISBN 0713410078

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