Asian-Scots
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Asian-Scots

Asian-Scots (or Asian-Scottish or Scottish Asian) is a term defined within the 2011 Scottish census as including people of Pakistani, Indian, Bangladeshi, Chinese or other Asian ancestry resident in Scotland.[1] Their parents or grandparents are normally Asian immigrants. Many of them are academics, doctors, business owners and/or engineers. It can also refer to people who are of dual Scottish and Asian ancestry. It combines Asian ethnic background with Scottish national identity.

In traditional British usage, the term Asian did not normally include East Asians, who were referred by their respective national origins (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Malaysians and others) or collectively as "Oriental", which similar to Scotch can be viewed of as pejorative when applied to people.[2] By contrast, in traditional North American usage the term Asian did not normally include South Asians but focused on East and Southeast Asians, particularly Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese. These frames of reference reflect different migration patterns.

Census

The 2001 and 2011 censuses recorded the following ethnic groups:

Ethnic Group 2001[3] 2011[4]
Number % Number %
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Indian 15,037 0.30% 32,706 0.62%
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Pakistani 31,793 0.63% 49,381 0.93%
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Bangladeshi 1,981 0.04% 3,788 0.07%
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Chinese 16,310 0.32% 33,706 0.64%
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Asian Other 6,196 0.12% 21,097 0.40%
Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Total 71,317 1.41% 140,678 2.66%
Total Population in Scotland 5,062,011 100.00% 5,295,403 100.00%

In addition to ethnicity, the 2011 census asked about national identity.[5]

  • 34 per cent of all minority ethnic groups felt they had some Scottish identity either on its own or in combination with another identity. This ranged from 60 per cent for people from a mixed background and 50 per cent for those from a Pakistani ethnic group, to 21 per cent for those from an African ethnic group. This compared to 83 per cent for all people in Scotland.[5]
  • 62 per cent of the total population stated 'Scottish identity only' as their national identity, of which 98 per cent stated their ethnicity as 'White: Scottish'.[5]
  • 18 per cent of the total population stated 'Scottish and British identity only' as their national identity, of which 97 per cent stated their ethnicity as 'White: Scottish'.[5]
  • 8 per cent of the total population stated their national identity as 'British identity only'. Of these, 49 per cent stated their ethnicity as 'White: Scottish', 38 per cent were 'White: Other British', and 8 per cent were 'Asian'.[5]
  • 4 per cent of the total population stated their national identity as 'Other identity only' (i.e. no UK identity), 32 per cent of those were 'White: Other White', 22 per cent were 'Asian' and 21 per cent were 'White: Polish'.[5]

South Asian communities

Map of Glasgow, coloured according to % of residents stated as Asian in the 2011 UK Census.

Scotland's South Asian population of more than 80,000 is mostly from Indian and Pakistani background. The majority are adherents of the Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths and are concentrated around urban areas, such as Greater Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee. However, there are Asian communities in places as small as Stornoway and as far north as Aberdeen.[8]

Notable Scottish Asians

Popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ "Scotland's New Official Ethnicity Classification" (PDF).
  2. ^ "'Oriental': Rugs, Not People".
  3. ^ "Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census - Summary Report".
  4. ^ "Standard Outputs".
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Census 2011: Detailed characteristics on Ethnicity, Identity, Language and Religion in Scotland - Release 3A".UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
  6. ^ Ansari, Humayun (14 April 2019). "The Infidel Within: Muslims in Britain Since 1800". C. Hurst & Co. Publishers – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Ethnic groups, Scotland, 2001 and 2011
  8. ^ "The Times & The Sunday Times". www.thetimes.co.uk.
  9. ^ "First Asian MSP goes to Holyrood". 4 May 2007 – via news.bbc.co.uk.

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