Atwater, California
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Atwater, California
City of Atwater
Water tower in the city
Water tower in the city
Nickname(s): 
A-Town
Motto(s): 
Community Pride, City Wide
Location of Atwater in Merced County, California.
Location of Atwater in Merced County, California.
Atwater is located in California
Atwater
Atwater
Location in California
Atwater is located in the United States
Atwater
Atwater
Atwater (the United States)
Atwater is located in North America
Atwater
Atwater
Atwater (North America)
Coordinates: 37°20?52?N 120°36?33?W / 37.34778°N 120.60917°W / 37.34778; -120.60917Coordinates: 37°20?52?N 120°36?33?W / 37.34778°N 120.60917°W / 37.34778; -120.60917
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyMerced
IncorporatedAugust 16, 1922[1]
Government
 o MayorPaul Creighton[2]
 o State SenatorAnna Caballero (D)[3]
 o AssemblymemberAdam Gray (D)[3]
 o U. S. Rep.Jim Costa (D)[4]
Area
 o Total6.57 sq mi (17.02 km2)
 o Land6.57 sq mi (17.01 km2)
 o Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)  0.14%
Elevation151 ft (46 m)
Population
 o Total28,168
 o Estimate 
(2019)[7]
29,559
 o Density4,501.14/sq mi (1,738.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP codes
95301, 95342
Area code(s)209
FIPS code06-03162
GNIS feature ID277600
Websitewww.atwater.org

Atwater is a city on State Route 99 in Merced County, California, United States. Atwater is 8 miles (13 km) west-northwest of Merced,[8] at an elevation of 151 feet (46 m).[6] The population as of the 2010 census was 28,168.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2). 99.86% of it is land and 0.14% water.

The city includes Castle Air Museum, but does not include Castle Air Force Base proper.

History

The railroad reached Atwater in the 1870s, and a town grew up.[8] The first post office opened in 1880.[8] Atwater incorporated in 1922.[8] The name honors Marshall D. Atwater, a wheat farmer whose land was used by the railroad for its station.[8]

North of the town is Castle Air Force Base the former World War Merced Army Airfield.[9]

On May 15, 2020, Atwater declared itself a business 'sanctuary city' during the coronavirus pandemic.[10]

Demographics

2010

At the 2010 census Atwater had a population of 28,168. The population density was 4,620.8 people per square mile (1,784.1/km2). The racial makeup of Atwater was 18,410 (65.4%) White, 14,808 (52.6%) Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1,225 (4.3%) African American, 364 (1.3%) Native American, 1,416 (5.0%) Asian, 76 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,300 (18.8%) from other races, and 1,377 (4.9%) from two or more races.[12]

The census reported that 28,066 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 31 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 71 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,838 households, 4,255 (48.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,593 (52.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,558 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 672 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 615 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 60 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,615 households (18.3%) were one person and 738 (8.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.18. There were 6,823 families (77.2% of households); the average family size was 3.61.

The age distribution was 9,016 people (32.0%) under the age of 18, 2,968 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 7,492 people (26.6%) aged 25 to 44, 5,760 people (20.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,932 people (10.4%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 30.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

There were 9,771 housing units at an average density of 1,602.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 4,905 (55.5%) were owner-occupied and 3,933 (44.5%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.9%. 14,920 people (53.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,146 people (46.7%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 23,113 people in 7,247 households, including 5,667 families, in the city. The population density was 4,277.4 people per square mile (1,652.6/km2). There were 8,114 housing units at an average density of 1,501.6/sq mi (580.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.34% White, 4.99% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 5.43% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 24.48% from other races, and 6.14% from two or more races. 41.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[13] Of the 7,247 households 45.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 17.6% of households were one person and 6.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.55.

The age distribution was 34.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% 65 or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in Atwater is $37,344, and the median family income was $39,789. Males had a median income of $32,983 versus $22,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,162. About 15.3% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

In the California State Legislature, Atwater is in the 12th Senate District, represented by Democrat Anna Caballero, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Adam Gray.[3]

In the United States House of Representatives, Atwater is in California's 16th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jim Costa.[4]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Most of the city is zoned to the Atwater Elementary School District. Schools of AESD within Atwater and serving Atwater include:[14]

  • K-6
    • Aileen Colburn Elementary School
    • Shaffer Elementary School
    • Thomas Olaeta Elementary School
    • Elmer Wood Elementary School
    • Mitchell K-6 Elementary School
    • Peggy Heller Elementary School
    • Bellevue Elementary School
  • 7-8
    • Mitchell Senior Elementary School
    • Bellevue Senior Elementary School
    • Peggy Heller Junior High School
  • Other
    • Atwater Valley Community Day School
    • Atwater Senior Academy

A small section of eastern Atwater is located in the Merced City School District; that section is zoned to Rudolph Rivera Middle School.[15] Franklin Elementary School is the closest elementary school to the section of Atwater.

Merced Union High School District operates Atwater High School and Buhach Colony High School, both of which serve and reside in Atwater.

Private schools

School Grades
Ariel Dear Academy 2-12
Fruitland Christian Preschool PK-K
Landmark Christian School PK-12
St. Anthony School PK-8

Newspapers

Atwater currently does not have a daily newspaper, although many of its residents use the daily paper, the Merced Sun-Star, which is published in nearby Merced. Additionally Atwater residents rely on local Facebook pages such as "Merced county news". Atwater has two weekly newspapers called The Atwater Signal and The Atwater Times. The Atwater Signal was first published in 1911. The Atwater Times[16] is published by Mid Valley Publications, once a week.

Notable residents

Bloss House Museum

Sports

See also

References

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.atwater.org/government_mayorcitycouncil.html
  3. ^ a b c "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ a b "California's 16th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Atwater, California
  7. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 741. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  9. ^ militarymuseum.org Merced Army Air Field, Castle Field
  10. ^ LAUTEN-SCRIVNER, ABBIE (May 15, 2020). "Atwater is now a business 'sanctuary city' during coronavirus pandemic. What does it mean?". Merced Sun-Star. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Atwater city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Proposed Middle School Boundaries 2008-2009[permanent dead link]." Merced City School District.
  16. ^ "Newspaper Advertising - Nationwide Classified or Display Ads Cheap". www.usnewspapers.com. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "Atwater Aviators - Golden State Collegiate Baseball League". pointstreaksites.com. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "MascotDB.com - Atwater Angels". www.mascotdb.com. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Atwater,_California
 



 



 
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