Auchinleck
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Auchinleck

Auchinleck ( OKH-in-LEK; Scots: Affleck IPA: ['afl?k];[3]Scottish Gaelic: Achadh nan Leac[3]) is a village 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Mauchline, and 2 miles (3 km) northwest of Cumnock in East Ayrshire, Scotland.

Surrounding the village is Auchinleck Estate, centred on Auchinleck House, past home of the lawyer, diarist and biographer James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck.

History

Auchinleck is in the heart of the ancient Kyle district of Scotland. The place-name means "field of (flat) stones" in Scottish Gaelic, from achadh ('field') and leac ('slab').[4] The small locality of Auchincloich has a comparable meaning.

Although record of a community exists from as early as 1239, reliable records can really only be said to date from the arrival of the Boswell family in 1504. The barony of Auchinleck had been forfeited to the crown and was granted by King James IV to his "good and faithful servant" Thomas Boswell.[5]

The Boswells proved to be assiduous in their estate husbandry, and by the early 1700s a viable village community and a thriving estate had begun to emerge from the surrounding barren moorland. The New Statistical Account of 1837 documents early mining and quarrying in the area which was to become the impetus for the region to boom. By 1881 the parish population had blossomed and was 6,681, four times what it had been in 1831[5]

Disused winding gear at the former Highhouse Colliery on the outskirts of the village

Nationalisation of coal in 1947 brought investment and with the building of the Barony Power Station, which was commissioned in 1957, the future of the region seemed assured. However, within 30 years the fortunes of the area, so tied to coal, followed the spectacular demise of deep pit mining.[5] Lacking an economic source of fuel as mines closed, the power station shut down in 1989, High House pits closed in 1983, and Auchinleck village subsided into post-industrial recession. However, with the recent acquisition and subsequent development of Dumfries House in the area by Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay, and with new building taking place in the area there are signs of 'green shoots'.

Sport

The village is home to the junior football club Auchinleck Talbot, who play at the 4,000-capacity Beechwood Park.[6] The club, one of the most successful in Scotland at that level, share a fierce rivalry with near neighbours Cumnock Juniors in the West of Scotland Super League Premier Division.

Education

Auchinleck Academy

Auchinleck has two primary schools (Auchinleck Primary School and St Patrick's Primary School) and one secondary school (Auchinleck Academy), with a catchment area taking in the villages of Auchinleck, Drongan, Catrine, Ochiltree, Mauchline, Muirkirk and Sorn.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Auchinleck Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 29 April 2001. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 September 2009. Retrieved 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic Archived January 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Scottish Geographical Magazine. Royal Scottish Geographical Society. 1922. p. 35.
  5. ^ a b c Young, Alex F. (2005). Old Auchinleck. Catrine, Ayrshire: Senlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781740333375.
  6. ^ Beechwood Park

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Auchinleck
 



 



 
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