Australian Emperor
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Australian Emperor

Anax papuensis
Australian Emperor in flight.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Infraorder: Anisoptera
Family: Aeshnidae
Genus: Anax
Species:
A. papuensis
Binomial name
Anax papuensis
Anax papuensis distribution map.svg
Synonyms[3]
  • Aeschna papuensis Burmeister, 1839
  • Anax congener Rambur, 1842
  • Hemianax papuensis (Burmeister, 1839)

The Australian emperor dragonfly,[4] also known as the yellow emperor dragonfly,[5] scientific name Anax papuensis, is a species of dragonfly in the Aeshnidae family.[3] It is black with yellow dots along its tail.[6]

Description

Female Australian emperor.

The Australian emperor is a very large dragonfly, up to 70 mm long. Its abdomen is marked boldly in black and yellow. The thorax is greenish-grey. The head is yellow with a T-shaped mark on the forehead (frons). The eyes are yellow-green. The leading edges of the wings are yellow. The insect habitually hunts fairly slowly, patrolling up and down like other hawkers, with short bursts at high speed.[7]

Their wingspan is 11 centimetres (4.3 in). Males and females are similar.[8]

Distribution and habitat

The Australian emperor is found throughout Australia. In the state of Victoria, it has a split distribution: below about 600 metres in altitude, and above about 1200 metres, apparently because it avoids forested areas. It is also found in New Zealand, New Guinea, the Cocos-Keeling Islands, Java, Sumba and New Caledonia.[9][10]

The Australian emperor is widespread and common on larger bodies of water with tall vegetation on the banks. Like other hawkers, it may hunt far from water. It flies throughout the summer from September to May.[7]

Behaviour

Australian emperor laying eggs, guarded by the male in tandem position

The Australian emperor is notable as the dragonfly in which motion camouflage was studied by Mizutani et al.: males of Anax papuensis are fiercely territorial, and approach and attack rivals, the males choose a flight path that keeps their image as seen by the target still with respect to a landmark point. The attacking dragonfly thus looms larger in the target's eyes, but otherwise does not seem to move until it is very close.[11][12][13]

The males are very protective of their females. In case of intrusion of another individual, he will drive it away by engaging in a series of noisy air battles. Females lay their eggs under water.[5]

Gallery

Bibliography

  • Günther Theischinger and John Hawking. The Complete Field Guide to Dragonflies of Australia. CSIRO Publishing, 2006. ISBN 978 0 64309 073 6

See also

References

  1. ^ Dow, R.A. (2017). "Anax papuensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2017: e.T197096A83372051. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T197096A83372051.en.
  2. ^ Burmeister, Hermann (1839). Handbuch der Entomologie (in Latin and German). 2. Berlin: T.C.F. Enslin. pp. 805-862 [841] – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.
  3. ^ a b "Species Anax papuensis (Burmeister, 1839)". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Common name". Brisbane Insects. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Second common name and habitat". Oocities. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ "Colour". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved .
  7. ^ a b Hemianax papuensis Retrieved 16 January 2012
  8. ^ Description Archived April 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Esperance Fauna Retrieved 16 January 2012
  10. ^ Theischinger, 2006.
  11. ^ Hopkin, Michael (June 5, 2003). "Nature News". Dragonfly flight tricks the eye. Nature.com. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ Mizutani, A. K.; Chahl, J. S. & Srinivasan, M. V. (June 5, 2003). "Insect behaviour: Motion camouflage in dragonflies". Nature. 65 (423): 604. doi:10.1038/423604a. PMID 12789327.
  13. ^ Glendinning, Paul (27 January 2004). "Motion Camouflage". The Mathematics of Motion Camouflage. 271 (1538): 477-81. doi:10.1098/rspb.2003.2622. PMC 1691618. PMID 15129957.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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