Austrian Decoration For Science and Art
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Austrian Decoration For Science and Art
Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
Austrian cross of honour for science.jpg
Badge of the Austrian Decoration of Honour for Science and Art
Awarded by  Austria
TypeState decoration
EligibilityAustrian and foreign citizens[1]
Awarded for"...superior creative and commendable services in the areas of the sciences or the arts."[1]
StatusCurrently Awarded
Statistics
Established1955[1]
Precedence
Next (higher)Varies by grade[1]
Next (lower)Varies by grade[1]
Order of Honour for Science and Art Rib.png
Decoration for Science and Art
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1 klass Rib.png
Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art Rib.png
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

The Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (German: Österreichisches Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria and forms part of the national honours system of that country.

History

The "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art" was established by the National Council as an honour for scientific or artistic achievements by Federal Law of May 1955 (Federal Law Gazette No. 96/1955 as amended BGBl I No 128/2001). At the same time, the National Council also established the "Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art", which is awarded as "Cross of Honour, First Class" (German: Ehrenkreuz 1. Klasse) and "Cross of Honour" (German: Ehrenkreuz). While not technically counted as lower classes of the Decoration for Science and Art, these crosses are nevertheless affiliated with it.

Divisions

Decoration for Science and Art

The number of living recipients of the Decoration for Science and Art is limited to a maximum of 72 at any one time (36 recipients for science and 36 for arts). In each of these two groups there are 18 Austrian citizens and 18 foreign nationals.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Precedence

Recipients

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross (and Cross 1st Class)

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

Forfeiture

Forfeiture of this honour became possible with Federal Law Gazette I No 128/2001, changing Act § 8a. It allows the government to strip recipients of their honours if deemed unworthy. The best known example of such a forfeiture is of the Nazi physician Heinrich Gross.[]

On August 5, 2008 the Austrian Science Minister Johannes Hahn decided not to withdraw the award from inventor Johann Grander.[] - see also popflock.com resource German version and see also Austrian ministry

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bundespraesident.at: Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Paul Holdengraber". PEN American Center. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ APA October 2009
  5. ^ ORF
  6. ^ Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, Leo Baeck Institute, Box 1 Folder 1, retrieved 2016CS1 maint: location (link)
  7. ^ Haag, John. "Adolf, Helen (b. 1895)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 2013.(subscription required)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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