Autonomous Regions of China
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Autonomous Regions of China
Autonomous region

Zìzhìq?
China autonomous regions numbered.svg
CategoryUnitary state
Location People's Republic of China
Number5
Populations3,002,166 (Tibet Autonomous Region) - 46,026,629 (Guangxi)
Areas66,000 km2 (25,600 sq mi) (Ningxia) - 1,665,000 km2 (642,800 sq mi) (Xinjiang)
GovernmentSingle-party government
SubdivisionsPrefecture-level city, Prefecture, League, Sub-Provincial Autonomous Prefecture, Autonomous Prefecture

An autonomous region (AR; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: zìzhìq?) is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights.[] An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958 and Tibet in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region.[] Although Mongols made an even smaller percentage of Inner Mongolia than either of these, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.[1]

List of autonomous regions

Designated
minority
Name in English Simplified Chinese
Pinyin
Local name
SASM/GNC romanization (Language)
Abbreviation Capital
Zhuang Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region ?
Gu?ngx? Zhuàngzú Zìzhìq?
Gvangjish Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Zhuang) ?
Guì
(GZAR)
Nanning
(; Nanzningz)
Mongol  Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)

Nèi M?ngg? Zìzhìq?
? ?
Öbür mong?ol-un öbertegen zasaqu orun (Mongolian)

Nèi M?ngg?
(IMAR)
Hohhot
(?; )
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)

X?zàng Zìzhìq?
?
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Tibetan)
?
Zàng
(TAR)
Lhasa
(; )
Uyghur Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
X?nji?ng Wéiwú'?r Zìzhìq?

Xinjang Uy?ur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)
?
X?n
(XUAR)
Ürümqi
(?; ?‎)
Hui Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region ?
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìq?
The Hui speak Chinese ?
Níng
(NHAR)
Yinchuan
()

Statistics

Population

Administrative Division National Share (%) 2010 Census[2] 2000 Census[3] 1990 Census[4] 1982 Census[5] 1964 Census[6] 1954 Census[7]
Guangxi 3.5 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.9 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104
Ningxia 0.5 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * *
Tibet 0.2 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Xinjiang 1.6 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Administrative Division Titular Ethnic Group Han Chinese Third Largest Ethnic Group
Xinjiang (Uyghur) 45.21% 40.58% 6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan) 92.8% 6.1% 0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol) 17.13% 79.17% 2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui) 33.9% 65.5 % 1.16% (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang) 32.0% 62.0 % 3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic Group" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also

Literature

References

  1. ^ Dreyer, June Teufel (1997). "Assimilation and Accommodation in China". In Brown, Michael Edward; Ganguly, ?umit (eds.). Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and the Pacific. MIT Press. p. 365.
  2. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27.
  3. ^ 2000. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-08-29.
  4. ^ . National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19.
  5. ^ . National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10.
  6. ^ . National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14.
  7. ^ . National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05.

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