|Location||People's Republic of China|
|Populations||3,002,166 (Tibet Autonomous Region) - 46,026,629 (Guangxi)|
|Areas||66,000 km2 (25,600 sq mi) (Ningxia) - 1,665,000 km2 (642,800 sq mi) (Xinjiang)|
|Subdivisions||Prefecture-level city, Prefecture, League, Sub-Provincial Autonomous Prefecture, Autonomous Prefecture|
An autonomous region (AR; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958. Tibet was conquered by China in the 1950s, and was named a Chinese Autonomous Zone in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region. Although Mongols made an even smaller percentage of Inner Mongolia than either of these, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.
|Name in English||Simplified Chinese
SASM/GNC romanization (Language)
|Zhuang||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region||?
Gu?ngx? Zhuàngzú Zìzhìq?
|Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Zhuang)||?
|Mongol|| Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
Nèi M?ngg? Zìzhìq?
Öbür mong?ol-un öbertegen zasaqu orun (Mongolian)
|Tibetan||Tibet Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Tibetan)
|Uyghur||Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region||
X?nji?ng Wéiwú'?r Zìzhìq?
Xinjang Uy?ur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)
|Hui||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region||?
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìq?
|The Hui speak Chinese||?
|Administrative Division||National Share (%)||2010 Census||2000 Census||1990 Census||1982 Census||1964 Census||1954 Census|
|Administrative Division||Titular Ethnic Group||Han Chinese||Third Largest Ethnic Group|
|Xinjiang (Uyghur)||45.21%||40.58%||6.74% (Kazakh)|
|Tibet (Tibetan)||92.8%||6.1%||0.35% (Hui)|
|Inner Mongolia (Mongol)||17.13%||79.17%||2.14% (Manchu)|
|Ningxia (Hui)||33.9%||65.5 %||1.16% (Manchu)|
|Guangxi (Zhuang)||32.0%||62.0 %||3.0% (Yao)|
Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic Group" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.