Awaji Island
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Awaji Island
Native name:
Awaji-island 1.png
Satellite view of Awaji Island
Awaji is located in Japan
Location in Japan
LocationSeto Inland Sea
Coordinates34°23?N 134°50?E / 34.383°N 134.833°E / 34.383; 134.833Coordinates: 34°23?N 134°50?E / 34.383°N 134.833°E / 34.383; 134.833
Area592.17 km2 (228.64 sq mi)
Length53 km (32.9 mi)
Width28 km (17.4 mi)
Highest elevation606 m (1,988 ft)
PrefectureHy?go Prefecture
Population129,000 (2019)
Pop. density265 /km2 (686 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Awaji Island (, Awaji-shima) is an island in Hy?go Prefecture, Japan, in the eastern part of the Seto Inland Sea between the islands of Honsh? and Shikoku. The island has an area of 592.17 square kilometres (228.64 square miles),[1]. It is the largest island of the Seto Inland Sea.

As a transit between those two islands, Awaji originally means "the road to Awa",[2] the historic province bordering the Shikoku side of the Naruto Strait, now part of Tokushima Prefecture.


Awaji island map

The island is separated from Honsh? by the Akashi Strait and from Shikoku by the Naruto Strait. Since April 5, 1998, it has been connected to Kobe on Honsh? by the Akashi Kaiky? Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world.[3] Since its completion the Kobe Awaji Naruto Expressway across the island has been the main eastern land link between Honsh? and Shikoku. The Naruto whirlpools form in the strait between Naruto, Tokushima and Awaji.[4]

The Nojima Fault, responsible for the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake, cuts across the island. A section of the fault was protected and turned into the Nojima Fault Preservation Museum in the Hokudancho Earthquake Memorial Park () to show how the movement in the ground cut across roads, hedges and other installations. Outside of this protected area, the fault zone is less visible.[5] The Onaruto Bridge Memorial Museum (?, ?narutoky? Kinenkan) and the Uzushio Science Museum (?, Uzushio Kagakukan) are located near Fukura.[6]


According to the creation myth in Shinto, Awaji was the first of the ?yashima islands born from the kami Izanagi and Izanami.[7] Awaji constituted a province between the 7th and the 19th century, Awaji Province, and was a part of Nankaid?. Today the island consists of three municipalities: Awaji, Sumoto and Minamiawaji.

The Awaji Ningy?-J?ruri, a more-than-500-year-old form of traditional puppet theater, or ningy?-j?ruri, daily performs several shows in the Awaji Ningy?-J?ruri Hall () in Minamiawaji, Hy?go in the southern part of the island and is designated an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Japan. The Awaji puppets perform popular traditional dramas but have their origins in religious rituals.[8]

Starting in the 1830s, the local potter Minpei started producing what would be then known as Awaji ware, also known as Minpei ware.

Tadao Ando designed several structures on the island, amidst them the Hompuku-ji water temple ()[9][10] and the Awaji Yumebutai,[11][12] both located in Awaji, Hy?go.

In 1995, this island was the epicenter of the Kobe earthquake, which killed over 5,502 people.[]


There are 3 municipalities in Awaji island: Awaji, Sumoto and Minamiawaji. They are part of Hyogo Prefecture.

See also



  1. ^ Archived 2008-12-29 at the Wayback Machine (Honsh? no Shima Menseki) (Retrieved on July 4, 2009)
  2. ^ Martin Bermudez. "Geophysical and Seismic Analysis: Of Two Architectural Wonders". Geolabs-Hawaii Hillside Design Laboratory at the University of Hawaii School of Architecture. Archived from the original on 2008-05-28. Retrieved .
  3. ^ James D. Cooper (July-August 1998). "World's Longest Suspension Bridge Opens in Japan". U.S. Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Keene, Donald. "Afloat on Japan's Inland Sea," New York Times Magazine. October 6, 1985.
  5. ^ Chiu Yu-tzu (28 December 2000). "What has Japan done since the Kobe earthquake?". Taipei Times. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Awaji Island and Shodo Island" (PDF). Japan National Tourist Organization. 2001. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Genji Shibukawa. "Japanese Creation Myth". Tales from the Kojiki. Harcourt Brace Custom Publishing. Archived from the original on 15 April 2008. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Hiroko Yamamoto. "Awaji Ningyo Joruri". Asia-Pacific Database. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Flores Zanchi (September 2002). "Tadao Ando, Water Temple, Hompuki, Japan, 1989-1991". Floornature. Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Water Temple - ARCHITECTURE OF NOTE - Hompukuji". Via Travel Design. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Kari Silloway (2004). "Awaji Yumebutai, Hy?go, Japan". Galinsky. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "About Yumebutai". Awaji Yumebutai The Westin Hotel and Resort and International Conference Center. 2006. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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