|Native name: |
Satellite view of Awaji Island
|Location||Seto Inland Sea|
|Area||592.17 km2 (228.64 sq mi)|
|Length||53 km (32.9 mi)|
|Width||28 km (17.4 mi)|
|Highest elevation||606 m (1,988 ft)|
|Pop. density||265 /km2 (686 /sq mi)|
Awaji Island (, Awaji-shima) is an island in Hy?go Prefecture, Japan, in the eastern part of the Seto Inland Sea between the islands of Honsh? and Shikoku. The island has an area of 592.17 square kilometres (228.64 square miles),. It is the largest island of the Seto Inland Sea.
The island is separated from Honsh? by the Akashi Strait and from Shikoku by the Naruto Strait. Since April 5, 1998, it has been connected to Kobe on Honsh? by the Akashi Kaiky? Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world. Since its completion the Kobe Awaji Naruto Expressway across the island has been the main eastern land link between Honsh? and Shikoku. The Naruto whirlpools form in the strait between Naruto, Tokushima and Awaji.
The Nojima Fault, responsible for the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake, cuts across the island. A section of the fault was protected and turned into the Nojima Fault Preservation Museum in the Hokudancho Earthquake Memorial Park () to show how the movement in the ground cut across roads, hedges and other installations. Outside of this protected area, the fault zone is less visible. The Onaruto Bridge Memorial Museum (?, ?narutoky? Kinenkan) and the Uzushio Science Museum (?, Uzushio Kagakukan) are located near Fukura.
According to the creation myth in Shinto, Awaji was the first of the ?yashima islands born from the kami Izanagi and Izanami. Awaji constituted a province between the 7th and the 19th century, Awaji Province, and was a part of Nankaid?. Today the island consists of three municipalities: Awaji, Sumoto and Minamiawaji.
The Awaji Ningy?-J?ruri, a more-than-500-year-old form of traditional puppet theater, or ningy?-j?ruri, daily performs several shows in the Awaji Ningy?-J?ruri Hall () in Minamiawaji, Hy?go in the southern part of the island and is designated an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Japan. The Awaji puppets perform popular traditional dramas but have their origins in religious rituals.
Starting in the 1830s, the local potter Minpei started producing what would be then known as Awaji ware, also known as Minpei ware.
In 1995, this island was the epicenter of the Kobe earthquake, which killed over 5,502 people.
There are 3 municipalities in Awaji island: Awaji, Sumoto and Minamiawaji. They are part of Hyogo Prefecture.
Awaji municipality on Awaji Island
Sumoto municipality on Awaji Island
Minamiawaji municipality on Awaji Island
Awaji Yumebutai flower beds