B?c Ninh (listen) is a city in the northern part of Vietnam and is the capital of B?c Ninh Province. The city is the cultural, administrative and commercial center of the province. The city area is 82.60 square km, with a population of 501,199 in November 2017. In January 2006, the town (th? xã) of B?c Ninh was upgraded to city (thành ph?).
In March 1884, B?c Ninh was the site of a decisive campaign in the wars between France and assorted Black Flag Army forces, and the town fell to the French. Thereafter under French protectorate, the town was confirmed as the center of all political, economic, cultural offices of colonial administration in the province. The land of the B?c Ninh Citadel, within Yên, Niem and Do Villages, was occupied by French troops. At this time B?c Ninh became known in Europe for its lacquer work and mother-of-pearl inlaid black-wood screens, cabinets, trays, and boxes.B?c Ninh Railway Station opened after 1904. An ambush of French troops by the Vi?t Minh occurred at B?c Ninh while the 1946 Fontainebleau Conference was ongoing.
The city's name means "northern serenity".
The city is home to the Banking Academy of Vietnam, B?c Ninh campus (H?c vi?n Ngân hàng), the Kinh B?c International School, and the Military Academy of Politics main campus (H?c vi?n Chính tr? Quân s?), and B?c Ninh Railway Station. There is a shrine to Bà Chúa Kho.
The city is administratively divided into 19 units, including 16 urban wards (phng) - ?áp C?u, H?p L?nh, Kh?c Ni?m, Phong Khê, Khúc Xuyên, Th? C?u, V? Ninh, Su?i Hoa, Ti?n An, Ninh Xá, Vân Dng, V?n An, V? An, Kinh B?c, i Phúc, and Võ Cng - and 3 rural communes (xã) - Hoà Long, Kim Chân and Nam S?n.
Collecting cards depicting a story about a "Chinese" (actually Vietnamese) governor of "B?c Ninh", who, while relaxing on a hill with his rabbits, is frightened by an approaching balloon carrying sailors
- ^ Jack D. Ellis The early life of Georges Clemenceau, 1841-1893 1980 Page 115 "By March the town of Bac-Ninh fell to the French, but contrary to Clemenceau's prediction, no major war with China ensued. By June, Ferry finally received Chinese recognition of France's rights in Tonkin, but a palace coup in Peking brought ..."
- ^ Viet Nam Social Sciences ?y ban khoa h?c xã h?i Vi?t Nam Numéros 1 à 3 2006- Page 29 "In French domination, Bac Ninh Town was still the town of Bac Ninh province with all political, economic, cultural offices etc. of colonial administration. The land of Bac Ninh Citadel belonging to Yen, Niem and Do Villages were occupied by .. "
- ^ Alfred Cunningham The French in Tonkin and South China 1902 - Page 76 "The best native work produced is mother-of-pearl inlaid in native black-wood, of which remarkably handsome specimens may be obtained in the form of screens, cabinets, trays, boxes, etc. The home of this work is really the town of Bac-ninh."
- ^ Viet Nam; the origins of revolution, 1885-1946 - Page 140 John T. McAlister, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Center of International Studies, American University (Washington, D.C.). Center for Research in Social Systems - 1968 "The tense atmosphere of the conference was heightened further after an ambush of French troops by the Viet Minh in the north Viet Nam town of Bac Ninh on August 4, in which 12 French soldiers were killed and 41 wounded."
- ^ China Monthly Review Volumes 102 à 103 - Page 258 1946 "French troops and Annamite forces, said to have included both soldiers and civilian irregulars, fought for nine hours early this week in the streets 6f the Indo-Chinese town of Bac Ninh, 19 miles north-east of Hanoi."
- ^ Pattana Kitiarsa Religious commodifications in Asia: marketing gods Page 155 2008 "rapidly growing popularity of the Granary/Treasury Queen' (Bà Chúa Kho) near B?c Ninh town, Ngô Ð?c Th?nh relates this phenomenon to Vietnam's transition to a market economy."
Coordinates: 21°11?N 106°03?E / 21.183°N 106.050°E