B Minor
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B Minor
B minor
D-major h-minor.svg
Relative key D major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F? minor
Subdominant E minor
Component pitches
B, C?, D, E, F?, G, A

B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C?, D, E, F?, G, and A. Its key signature consists of two sharps. Its relative major is D major and its parallel major is B major. Its enharmonic equivalent, C? minor, has three double-flats, which makes it generally impractical to use.

The B natural minor scale is:

\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature b4^\markup "B natural minor scale" cis d e fis g a b a g fis e d cis b2
  \clef bass \key b \minor

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The B harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature b4^\markup "B harmonic minor scale" cis d e fis g ais b ais g fis e d cis b2
\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature b4^\markup "B melodic minor scale (ascending and descending)" cis d e fis gis ais b a! g! fis e d cis b2

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739-1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion.[1] By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758-1819)[2] opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B-minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".[3] Brahms, Dvo?ák, Schubert, Liszt, Chopin, Borodin, and Tchaikovsky all wrote significant works in B minor.

Notable compositions in B minor

See also



  1. ^ Tusa, pp. 2-3, n. 5
  2. ^ Galeazzi, Elementi di Musica
  3. ^ Tusa, p. 2, n. 3


External links

  • Media related to B minor at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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