B Minor
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B Minor
B minor
D-major h-minor.svg
Relative key D major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F? minor
Subdominant E minor
Component pitches
B, C?, D, E, F?, G, A
B natural minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B melodic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

B minor is a minor scale consisting of the pitches B, C?, D, E, F?, G, and A. Its key signature consists of two sharps. The harmonic minor raises the note A to A?. Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written with accidentals as necessary.

Its relative major is D major, and its parallel major is B major. C? minor, its enharmonic, has three double-flats, which makes it impractical to use.

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739-1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion.[1] By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758-1819)[2] opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".[3] Brahms, Dvo?ák, Schubert, Liszt, Chopin, Borodin, and Tchaikovsky all wrote significant works in B minor.

Notable compositions in B minor

See also



  1. ^ Tusa, pp. 2-3, n. 5
  2. ^ Galeazzi, Elementi di Musica
  3. ^ Tusa, p. 2, n. 3


External links

  • Media related to B minor at Wikimedia Commons

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