The main page, on 1 February 2016
Type of site
|Internet encyclopedia project|
|Available in||Standard Chinese|
|Created by||Robin Li|
|Registration||Optional (required to edit pages)|
Baidu Baike (; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally: 'Baidu Encyclopedia') is a Chinese-language, collaborative, web-based encyclopedia owned and produced by the Chinese search engine Baidu. Its test version was released on 20 April 2006, and within three weeks the encyclopedia had grown to more than 90,000 articles, surpassing the number in Chinese Wikipedia. As of October 2019 , Baidu Baike has more than 16.3 million articles.
Baidu officially states that Baidu Baike serves as an online encyclopedia as well as information storage space for netizens. Baidu Baike claims to promote the spirit of "equality", "cooperation", "sharing" and "freedom", and connect this online platform with search engines technically in order to fulfil the needs of the users for information of different levels. Critics of the encyclopedia note that it censors its content in accordance with the requirements of the Chinese government.
Baidu's William Chang said at WWW2008, the conference of the World Wide Web Consortium, "There is, in fact, no reason for China to use popflock.com resource ... It's very natural for China to make its own products." When searching with the search engine Baidu, the link of the corresponding entry in Baidu Baike, if exists, will be put as the first result or one of the first results.
The current front page of Baidu Baike was put into use on 6 September 2012. At the top of the page the slogan "Let all humanity learn the world equally," as well as current information on the number of users and entries. On the bottom-left of the front page selected contents are presented; the bottom right contains announcements, plans and projects, etc. The front page information usually includes current hot topics, often related to featured news. Beside those hot topics, there are also one-sentence summaries of the news. Other than the front page, Baidu Baike also includes channels such as nature, culture, geography, and special topics such as core-users, digital museums, etc.
All editors need to register an account before editing, and administrators filter all but the simplest edits before they go public. A phone number registered in mainland China is needed to register a new account.
The entry pages of Baidu Baike include calling cards, texts, and other supporting information. An earlier version allowed users to comment on pages, but this feature was removed after September 2008. The main language used is Chinese, written using the Simplified script; posts written in Traditional Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, or Japanese are automatically translated.
Baike calling cards contain two parts - the description of an entry and the basic information. The former is similar to the preface of an article, which provides a general introduction to the whole text; the latter uses a table to summarize basic information and statistics. Both are edited separately from the main body of the article. The main texts are limited to 40,000 bits, which is equivalent to 20,000 Chinese characters. At the end of the article is the declaration of exemption. The earlier version of the entry can only contain one image, but now 20 images and 20 albums can be included in an article. The entry can also link to a Baidu map, dynamic screenshots, and videos. Information cited is listed beneath the main text, which does not distinguish footnotes from other details. However, the images cited do not specify the source, but contain image directories.
Most pieces of supporting information are located at the bottom or the right of the page, except scientific terms, which are pushed to the top. Usually, supporting information is automatically generated by the system, with some edited by hand. Supporting information on the right of the page contains personal information, statistics, today in history, contribution of honor, current trends, and pop-links. Statistics include the number of page views, the number of editors, latest updates, creators information, etc. Editors who contribute complex articles are also mentioned and honoured.[need quotation to verify]
A user can see a database, the Baidu Dictionary, and related entries at the bottom of each article. Celebrities' articles have appended databases that list their single songs, albums, and videos. The user recommendations section is used to collect feedback about the article.
] Editors are divided into 15 levels with corresponding 'Encyclopaedia titles' (?) based on their accumulated experience points. In 2012, the names of the titles were changed from modern corporate sounding titles to titles reminiscent of the Chinese Imperial examination and Confucian scholarship.[better source needed][
Unlike a traditional encyclopedia, the information on Baidu Baike is broader, similar to Chinese Wikipedia and Hudong.com. Baidu Baike also includes food recipes, film products, internet programs, and video games as well as its encyclopedic content. However, unlike Chinese Wikipedia, Baidu Baike never gives a strict definition of the difference between an encyclopedia entry and a dictionary entry. There are also many explanations on diction and common phrases.
In addition to articles, Baidu Baike includes several special pages:
Baidu Baike holds open policies on the addition of entries, and support categorized search functions. The categorization is based on the characteristics of an entry but not the quality, and there is no limit to categorization. Baidu Baike now has an elementary categorized page and tree. Part of the open categorization can be set according to levels, but catalogs having similar meaning can not be merged or redirected.
According to the latest list of entries, Baidu Baike has an increase of about 3,800 entries per day. Here are some milestones:
|16 Jan 2008||1M||(Kathasaritsagara)|||
|8 Feb 2010||2M||(A professor in Peking University)|||
|12 Jan 2011||3M||222? (AD 222)|||
|22 Nov 2011||4M||(Gastrodia elata f. glauca)|||
|13 Jun 2012||5M||? (a cultivar of pumpkin planted in Huanan County)|||
|15 Mar 2013||6M||Not announced|||
Being in the jurisdiction of the Chinese government, Baidu is required to censor content on their encyclopedia in accordance to relevant governmental regulations. All editors need to register accounts using their real names before editing, and administrators filter edits before they go public. Users on microblogging platforms generally perceive Baidu Baike as similar to a governmentally sanctioned information source due to the censorship of its content.PCWorld states that complying with Chinese censorship laws gives Baidu Baike an advantage over its competitors. Since the Chinese version of popflock.com resource does not censor its own content, the government may block it while keeping Baidu Baike accessible.
An August 2013 survey observed the lack of articles on notable topics.
|unknown||(in alphabetical order) Air pollution in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan|
|unknown||(in alphabetical order) Badger game and Romance scam|
|unknown||(in alphabetical order) Gong Shengliang and South China Church|
|unknown||(in alphabetical order) Tibetan independence movement and Tibetan sovereignty debate|
|Uyghur nationalism and Xinjiang re-education camps are missing|
|1966||Central Case Examination Group|
|1989||Chai Ling, Ding Zilin, Goddess of Democracy, The Critical Moment, Wang Dan (dissident) who was born on 26 February 1969 in Beijing, Wu'erkaixi and others are missing
but articles on April 26 Editorial, Bei Dao, Cui Jian, Dai Qing, Fang Lizhi, Hou Dejian, Qin Benli, Su Xiaokang, Wang Bingzhang (dissident) (?) url, Yan Jiaqi and Zhang Boli are available on Baidu Baike. An article on Tiananmen Square is available, but it makes no mention of the massacre that occurred there.
|True Buddha School (of Taiwanese origin), Falun Gong, Li Hongzhi and Free China: The Courage to Believe are missing but Baidu Baike has the following articles (in alphabetical order):
|1998||Zhou Yongjun incident|
|2001||New Tang Dynasty Television|
|2003||Sound of Hope|
|2008||Charter 08 is missing|
|2009||Ai Weiwei is missing
but an Ai Weiwei Incident () is available on Baidu Baike
|2010||China's Best Actor: Wen Jiabao|
|2011||Chinese pro-democracy protests|
|2012||Death of Li Wangyang|
|2013||New Citizens' Movement is missing|
|2014||Open Constitution Initiative is missing|
|2015||2015 Southeast Asian haze is missing|
|2015||Causeway Bay Books and Lam Wing-kee are missing|