Bal%C5%A1a III
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Bal%C5%A1a III
Bal?a III Stracimirovi?
Lord of Zeta and the Coast
Coat of arms Balsic family XIV.svg
Coat of arms
ReignApril 1403 - 28 April 1421
Predecessor?ura? II
SuccessorStefan Lazarevi?
Born1387
Died28 April 1421
Belgrade, Serbian Despotate
Spouse
HouseBal?i?
Father?ura? II
MotherJelena
ReligionSerbian Orthodox
SignatureBal?a III Stracimirovi?'s signature

Bal?a Stracimirovi? (last name is sometimes Bal?i? or ?ur?evi?) or Bal?a III (1387 - 28 April 1421, in Belgrade) was the fifth and last ruler of Zeta from the Bal?i? noble family, from April 1403 to April 1421. He was the son of ?ura? II and Jelena Lazarevi?.

Reign

In April 1403, the seventeen-year-old Bal?a became the ruler of Zeta when his father ?ura? II died as a result of the injuries he had suffered at the Battle of Tripolje. As he was young and inexperienced, his main advisor was his mother, Jelena, a sister of the ruler of Serbia at the time, Stefan Lazarevi?. Under the influence of his mother, Bal?a reverted the order of the state religion, passing a law declaring Orthodox Christianity as the official confession of the state, while Catholicism became a tolerant confession.

Bal?a waged a 10-year war against Venice, the First Scutari War. In 1405, Ulcinj, Bar and Budva were seized by the Venetians. Bal?a then became a vassal to the Ottoman Turks. In 1409, however, Venice had purchased the rights to Dalmatia from King Ladislaus of Naples and began fighting for control of Dalmatian cities. After a huge effort, Bal?a seized Bar from the Venetians in 1412. Venice, pressed with difficulties, had no choice but to agree to return territories it had previously seized.[1] In 1413 he built a church dedicated to Saint Nicholas in Praskvica Monastery.[2] According to a chapter Bal?a issued in 1417 he was probably a ktitor of the Mora?nik Monastery.[3]

Possessions of Venice and Bal?a III.

Bal?a had waged a new war against Venice, which was connected to the war with the Hungarians and the Turks. In 1418, he conquered Shkodër from the Venetians, but lost Budva and Lu?tica with its salt works. In the next year, 1419, he made an unsuccessful attempt to recapture Budva. He went to Belgrade to ask for aid from Stefan Lazarevi?, but never returned to Zeta. In 1421, before his death and under the influence of his mother, he passed the rule of Zeta to his uncle, Despot Stefan Lazarevi?.

Marriage and issue

In 1407 Bal?a III married Mara, a daughter of Niketa Thopia. In his second marriage, Bal?a III married Bolja, a daughter of Koja Zaharia, in 1412 or at the beginning of 1413.[4] They had two daughters, Jelena (named after Bal?a's mother) and Teodora.

Jelena married Stjepan Vuk?i? Kosa?a and was mother of Queen Catherine of Bosnia and Vladislav Hercegovi?.[5] In 1415 Bal?a's only son and the only male descendant of the Bal?a family died.[6]

Ancestors

References

  1. ^ ?irkovi? 2004, p. 92.
  2. ^ Pavle S. Radusinovi? (1978). Stanovni?tvo Crne Gore do 1945. godine: op?ta istorijsko-geografska i demografska razmatranja. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 42. Retrieved 2013. (. , ? ? 1413. III)
  3. ^ MobileReference. Travel Montenegro: Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook and Maps. MobileReference. p. 390. ISBN 978-1-61198-237-4. Retrieved 2013. "Moracnik Monastery" is located on the island of Moracnik on Skadar Lake. It was first mentioned in 1417, in the Charter of Balsa III. The monastery complex consists of a church dedicated to the Holy Mother of God, an accommodation building
  4. ^ Albanolo?ki institut u Pri?tini 1968 p. 125: "Poznato je tako?e da se Bal?a III krajem 1412 ili po?etkom 1413 godine o?enio u drugom braku ?erkom Koe Zaharije"
  5. ^ Ekme?i?, Milorad (1997). Zbornik za istoriju Bosne i Hercegovine. Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, board for history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. p. 75. Retrieved 2013. ? ? III ? ? , ? : ? ? ? ? ?
  6. ^ Spremi? 2004, pp. 73-108

    ? ?: 1415. ? ?. ? , ? ? ?)

Sources

Preceded by
?ura? II
Lord of Zeta and the Coast
1403–1421
Succeeded by
Stefan Lazarevi?

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