Baldwin De Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon
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Baldwin De Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon

Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon[1] (died 4 June 1155), feudal baron of Plympton in Devon,[2] was the son of Richard de Redvers and his wife Adeline Peverel.

He was one of the first to rebel against King Stephen, and was the only first rank magnate never to accept the new king.[3] He seized Exeter, and was a pirate out of Carisbrooke, but he was driven out of England to Anjou, where he joined the Empress Matilda. She made him Earl of Devon after she established herself in England, probably in early 1141.[4]

He founded several monasteries, notably those of Quarr Abbey (1131), in the Isle of Wight, a priory at Breamore, Hampshire, and the Priory of St James, at Exeter. Some monastic chronicles call his father also Earl of Devon, but no contemporary record uses the title, including the monastic charters.

Family and children

He married Adelize Ballon (d. circa 1146).[5]They had children:

  1. Richard de Redvers, 2nd Earl of Devon. Married Denise de Dunstanville, the daughter of Reginald the first Earl of Cornwall.[6]
  2. Henry de Redvers
  3. William de Redvers, 5th Earl of Devon. Married Mabel de Beaumont.
  4. Matilda de Redvers, married to Anschetil de Greye.
  5. Maud de Redvers, married Ralph de Avenel.
  6. Alice de Redvers, married Roger II de Nonant.
  7. Hawise de Redvers, by 1147 [5]married Robert FitzRobert, Castellan of Gloucester. Robert was an illegitimate son of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester.
  8. Eva de Redvers, married Robert d' Oyly.

Between 1151 and his death in 1155, Baldwin married Lucy de Clare. Lucy was assumed to have been the widow of Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Hertford and a daughter of Ranulf earl of Chester.[5] However, Gilbert de Clare died unmarried and without issue in 1152. One source states that Lucy was the daughter of Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare and Adelisa of Chester. They were the parents of Gilbert de Clare, who died in 1152. Therefore Lucy was a sister of Gilbert de Clare. A charter mentioning her late brother Gilbert de Clare, and her late husband Baldwin was given shortly after Baldwin's death.[7]

The name de Redvers can also be found as de Reviers or Revières.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 312
  2. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, pp.137-8, Barony of Plympton
  3. ^ Marjorie Chibnall, The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English (1993), p 69.
  4. ^ David Bates, The Normans and Empire, (Oxford University Press, 2013), 16
  5. ^ a b c Bearman, R. (1994).Charters of The Redvers Family And The Earldom of Devon 1090-1217.p.9.
  6. ^ Bearman, R. (1994). Charters of The Redvers Family And The Earldom of Devon 1090-1217.p.4.
  7. ^ Keats-Rohan,K.S.B. (2002).Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166 : II Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum.p.658, and 245.

References

  • Frederick Lewis Weis Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700; Line 50-27
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1916). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday. IV. London: St. Catherine Press.
  • Charles Mosley, editor-in-chief Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 1999, Page: 832
  • Robert Bearman, 'Revières , Baldwin de, earl of Devon (c.1095-1155)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.[1]
  • "Baldwin of Redvers" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885-1900.
Peerage of England
New title Earl of Devon
1141-1155
Succeeded by
Richard de Redvers


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