Barcelona-El Prat Airport
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Barcelona-El Prat Airport

Josep Tarradellas
Barcelona-El Prat Airport

Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas
Barcelona-El Prat
[1]
Aeroport Josep Tarradellas
Barcelona-El Prat
Aena Barcelona JT.svg
BCN AIRPORT FROM FLIGHT BCN-ORY A320 EC-MLE (43952944862).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
LocationEl Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates41°17?49?N 002°04?42?E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17?49?N 002°04?42?E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
Websiteaena.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3.743 12.281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2.660 8.727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2.528 8.293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics
Passengers 201952.686.314
Passenger change 2018-19Increase 5,0%
Aircraft movements344.558
Movements change 2018-19Increase 2,7%
Cargo (t)177.271.406
Cargo change 2018-19Increase 2,5%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[2]
Spanish AIP, AENA,[3][4]

Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat Airport[1][5] (IATA: BCN, ICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat), previously named Barcelona-El Prat and also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[6] of the centre of Barcelona, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi, in Catalonia, Spain, Europe. It has been named after a former President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Josep Tarradellas, since 27 February 2019.[1]

It is the second largest and second busiest airport in Spain, and the sixth busiest in Europe. In 2019, Barcelona Airport handled a record 52.686.314 million passengers, up 5,0% from 2018. It is a hub for Level and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa, Iberia, EasyJet, Norwegian and Ryanair.

The Barcelona-Madrid air shuttle service, known as "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) or "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[8]

History

Airport Layout

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[9]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16-34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[10]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747.[] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid-Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.[]

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[10] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[]

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.[]

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona-El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.

International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city.[11] They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.[relevant? ]

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a serious decrease in passenger, operations and cargo numbers during 2020, with numbers way below 2019's statistics.

Operations

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[12] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]

Terminals

The new control tower is a hyperboloid structure.
Terminal 1
Terminal 2

Terminal 1

A new Terminal 1, designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. The airport terminal has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking spaces and 45 new gates expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable of handling large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually --as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction-- and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of EUR5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal had a budget of EUR1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal --T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan-- considering that the airport is on the verge of overcrowding because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[10] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is mostly occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some full-service airlines which also use this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Barcelona:[13]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Thessaloniki
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork, Shannon
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Casablanca, Fez, Nador, Tangier
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Air China Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chi?in?u
Air Senegal Dakar-Diass
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
airBaltic Riga
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal: Yerevan
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Philadelphia
AnadoluJet Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Arkia Tel Aviv
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Avianca Bogotá[14]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Azur Air Charter: Moscow-Vnukovo
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara
Belavia Minsk
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria (begins 1 December 2020),[15]Tenerife-North (begins 4 December 2020)[15]
Blue Air Bucharest (resumes 29 March 2021),[16]Cluj-Napoca (begins 30 March 2021),[17]Ia?i
Bluebird Airways Tel Aviv
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines New York-JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Brandenburg, Bordeaux, Bristol, Geneva, Glasgow, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast-International
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai-International, Mexico City
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Evelop Airlines Tenerife-North
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Seasonal: Tbilisi
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional Badajoz, Burgos, León, Valencia
Seasonal: Pamplona
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini (begins 1 December 2020)[18][19]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
LATAM Lima, São Paulo-Guarulhos
Level Boston, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, New York-JFK, San Francisco, Santiago de Chile
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Gda?sk, Kraków, Pozna?, Rzeszów, Wroc?aw
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Oslo-Gardermoen, Reykjavík-Keflavík, San Francisco, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Bergen, Fort Lauderdale, Stavanger
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Brandenburg, Birmingham, Brussels, Budapest, Dublin, Fez, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Krakow, Lanzarote (begins 2 December 2020),[20]Liverpool, London-Stansted, Luxembourg, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Tenerife-North, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw-Modlin
Seasonal: Athens, Bologna, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow-Prestwick, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Kiev-Boryspil, London-Luton, Menorca, Nador, Riga, Turin, Vilnius
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SkyUp Kiev-Boryspil
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Sun D'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Paris-Orly, Rotterdam/The Hague
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Casablanca
TUI fly Deutschland Cologne/Bonn, Frankfurt
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Kiev-Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington-Dulles
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Utair Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo
Volotea Nantes, Strasbourg
Vueling[21] Aalborg, A Coruña, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Berlin-Brandenburg,[21]Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brussels, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar-Diass, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Florence, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Granada, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hannover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, La Palma, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Menorca, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Oran, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Rome-Fiumicino, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Belgrade, Faro, Genoa, Heraklion, Kiev-Zhuliany, Mykonos, Nador, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Santorini, Split, Tunis, Zagreb
WestJet Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev-Boryspil
Wizz Air Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest, Chi?in?u, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Ia?i, Katowice, Kraków, Skopje, Sofia, Timi?oara, Varna, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Gda?sk

Cargo

Statistics

Largest airlines

Main airlines in 2019[27]
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Vueling 20.381.235
2 Ryanair 7.828.218
3 Iberia 1.761.680
4 EasyJet Europe 1.724.336
5 EasyJet UK 1.607.272
6 Lufthansa 1.492.483
7 Air Europa 1.095.636
8 Norwegian Air International 1.058.699
9 Wizz Air 1.041.784
10 British Airways 784.889

Busiest routes

Busiest Routes to and from Barcelona - El Prat Airport (2019)
Rank Country Airport Passengers Airlines
1  Spain Madrid-Barajas 2.569.295 Air Europa, Vueling, Iberia
2  Spain Palma de Mallorca Airport 2.172.796 Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling
3  United Kingdom London-Gatwick 1.587.255 EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, Vueling
4  Italy Rome Fiumicino 1.402.095 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
5  Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1.384.598 KLM, LEVEL, Transavia, Vueling
6  France Paris Charles De Gaulle 1.372.239 Air France, EasyJet, Vueling
7  Spain Ibiza Airport 1.206.563 Ryanair, Vueling
8  France Paris-Orly 1.148.503 Transavia France, Vueling
9  Spain Seville Airport 1.041.850 Ryanair, Vueling
10  Germany Frankfurt Airport 1.036.557 Lufthansa, Ryanair
Barcelona Airport Passenger volume progression (1963-2017)
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers %
1963 1.000.000
1977 5.000.000
1990 9.205.000
1991 9.145.000 -0,7
1992 10.196.000 +11,5
1993 9.999.000 -2,0
1994 10.647.285 +6,5
1995 11.727.814 +10,1
1996 13.434.679 +14,6
1997 15.065.724 +12,1
1998 16.194.805 +7,3
1999 17.421.938 +7,6
2000 19.809.567 +13,8
2001 20.745.536 +4,7
2002 21.348.211 +2,9
2003 22.752.667 +6,6
2004 24.558.138 +7,9
2005 27.152.745 +10,6
2006 30.008.152 +10,5
2007 32.898.249 +9,6
2008 30.208.134 -8,2
2009 27.311.765 -9,4
2010 29.209.595 +6,5
2011 34.398.226 +17,8
2012 35.144.503 +2,2
2013 35.216.828 +0,2
2014 37.559.044 +6,7
2015 39.711.276 +5,7
2016 44.154.693 +11,2
2017 47.284.500 +7,1
2018 50.172.457 +6,1
2019 52.686.314 +5,0
2020 (Jan-Jul) 9.189.150 -69,6

Source: Airport of Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233.609 -
2000 255.913 +9,5
2001 273.119 +6,3
2002 271.023 -0,8
2003 282.021 +4,1
2004 291.369 +3,3
2005 307.798 +5,6
2006 327.636 +6,4
2007 352.501 +7,6
2008 321.491 -8,8
2009 278.965 -13,3
2010 277.832 -0,4
2011 303.054 +9,1
2012 290.004 -4,3
2013 276.497 -4,7
2014 283.850 +2,7
2015 288.878 +1,8
2016 307.864 +6,6
2017 323.539 +5,1
2018 335.651 +3,7
2019 344.558 +2,7
2020 (Jan-Jul) 76.681 -61,4
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88.217 -
2000 88.269 +2,4
2001 81.882 -7,8
2002 75.905 -7,3
2003 70.118 -7,6
2004 84.985 +21,2
2005 90.446 +6,4
2006 93.404 +3,3
2007 96.770 +3,6
2008 104.329 +7,7
2009 89.813 -13,6
2010 104.279 +16,1
2011 96.572 -7,4
2012 96.522 -0,1
2013 100.288 +3,9
2014 102.692 +2,4
2015 117.219 +14,1
2016 132.754 +13,3
2017 156.105 +14,9
2018 172.939 +10,8
2019 177.271 +2,5
2020 (Jan-Jul) 64.820 -34,8

Ground transportation

Rail

Train

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.

Metro

Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since 12 February 2016[28][29] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.

Road

The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Bus

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona-Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Incidents and accidents

  • On 21 October 1994, a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998, a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 24 March 2015, an Airbus A320-211 with registration D-AIPX was operating Germanwings Flight 9525 from Barcelona to Düsseldorf when it crashed in the south of France near Digne-les-Bains, with no survivors. The flight was carrying 144 passengers, two pilots and four cabin crew.[30] German prosecutors decided that nobody other than the 27-year-old co-pilot Andreas Lubitz could be held accountable for the crash.[31][32][33][34] Lubitz took time off from his flight training for several months and informed the Flight Training Pilot School in 2009 of a "previous episode of severe depression".[35] He later completed the training. Prior to his training as a commercial pilot, he was also treated for suicidal tendencies.[36][37]

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c "BOE.es - Documento BOE-A-2019-2943". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019. Modificar la denominación oficial del aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat, que en adelante pasa a denominarse «Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat».
  2. ^ "Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles" (PDF) (in Spanish). AENA. 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Spanish AIP (AENA)". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Presentación - Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat - Aena.es". aena.es.
  5. ^ "Barcelona-El Prat Josep Tarradellas Airport - Official website - Aena.es". www.aena.es. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ EUROCONTROL basic. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Air passenger transport in Europe in 2007". eurostat.eu. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Why the train in Spain is more popular than the plane". elpais.com. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ aomd88. "Airline memorabilia: Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)". Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "History - Barcelona-El Prat Airport". aena. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "IAG operará vuelos 'low cost' de largo radio desde El Prat a partir de junio".
  12. ^ Barcelona / Plan Barcelona Archived 5 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Aena.es. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  13. ^ aena.es - Destinos retrieved 16 February 2017
  14. ^ "Avianca plans its international flights from Colombia". Nicolás Larenas (in Spanish). July 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Binter revises Barcelona addition to Dec 2020". Routes Online. October 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ Gabriel Bobon (18 August 2020). "Rute noi: Bucure?ti - Atena, Bari, Munchen, Praga ?i Viena cu Blue Air din 2021" (in Romanian).
  17. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/blue-air-anunta-12-rute-noi-care-vor-fi-operate-din-cluj-napoca-in-2021/?source=aa
  18. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/294005/iran-air-w20-europe-network-additions-as-of-25sep20/
  19. ^ Liu, Jim. "Iran Air W20 European network adjustment as of 14OCT20". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ https://corporate.ryanair.com/novedades/ryanair-reforzara-la-conectividad-regional-en-espana-con-4-nuevas-rutas-domesticas/?market=es
  21. ^ a b vueling.com - Where we fly retrieved 18 October 2020
  22. ^ skycargo.com - Air retrieved 18 July 2020
  23. ^ airlineroutemaps.com - FedEx retrieved 18 July 2020
  24. ^ "MNG schedule". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2013.
  25. ^ swiftair.com - Cargo retrieved 18 July 2020
  26. ^ airlineroutemaps.com - UPS United Parcel Service retrieved 18 July 2020
  27. ^ "Aena statistics".
  28. ^ "Cuenta atrás para la inauguración del metro al aeropuerto de El Prat" [Countdown to the opening the metro to the airport of El Prat]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero" [The metro to el Prat gonna starts on 12 February]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ BFMTV. "Un Airbus A320 transportant 148 personnes s'écrase près de Digne-les-Bains". Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  31. ^ "German investigators find only pilot Lubitz at fault in Germanwings crash". Reuters. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ Hepher, Tim; Rosnoblet, Jean-Francois (26 March 2015). "Co-pilot appears to have crashed Germanwings plane deliberately: French prosecutor". Reuters. Retrieved 2015.
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External links

Media related to Barcelona Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Barcelona El Prat Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage


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