Barranquitas, Puerto Rico
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Barranquitas, Puerto Rico
Barranquitas

Municipio Autónomo de Barranquitas
Town and Municipality
Barranquitas.jpg
Flag of Barranquitas
Flag
Coat of arms of Barranquitas
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"La Cuna de Próceres", "Cuna Feria de Artesanías", "El Altar de la Patria", "El Pueblo de Luis Muñoz Rivera"
Anthem: "Aquí en el centro de nuestra tierra"
Location of Barranquitas in Puerto Rico
Location of Barranquitas in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°11?12?N 66°18?23?W / 18.18667°N 66.30639°W / 18.18667; -66.30639Coordinates: 18°11?12?N 66°18?23?W / 18.18667°N 66.30639°W / 18.18667; -66.30639
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded1803
Government
 o MayorFrancisco "Paco" López (PNP)
 o Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 o Representative dist.27
Area
 o Total33.21 sq mi (86.01 km2)
 o Land33 sq mi (86 km2)
 o Water0.004 sq mi (.01 km2)
Population
(2010)
 o Total30,318
 o Density910/sq mi (350/km2)
Demonym(s)Barranquiteños
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Zip code
00794
Major routesPR secondary 143.svg PR secondary 152.svg PR secondary 156.svg PR secondary 162.svg
Websitehttp://barranquitaspr.net/pueblo/

Barranquitas (Spanish pronunciation: [bara?'kitas]) is a small mountain municipality located in the central region of Puerto Rico (U.S.), south of Corozal and Naranjito; north of Coamo and Aibonito; west of Comerío and Cidra; and east of Orocovis. Barranquitas is spread over 6 wards and Barranquitas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Barranquitas is about one hour by winding roads from San Juan, the capital. It is nestled amid hills and mountains, and nearby, between Barranquitas and Aibonito, is located the "cañón de San Cristóbal" (Canyon of Saint Cristopher); one of the deepest canyons in the Indies. For years, the overlook was used as a municipal garbage; in the last decade, the refuse was removed and the site restored.

History

Barranquitas's local Taino Indian Cacique (Chief) was called Orocobix and his yucayeque or tribe was known as the Jatibonicu Taino.

The town was founded in 1803 by Antonio Aponte Ramos.

Early in the 20th century, Barranquitas residents, known as Barranquiteños, had a short but legendary territory war with residents of the city of Comerío.

Geography

The Municipality of Barranquitas[1] is in the middle of the Cordillera Central of Puerto Rico, which is the main mountain range that crosses the island from west to east. It is bordered by the municipalities of Corozal, Naranjito, Coamo, Aibonito, Orocovis, and Comerío. Barranquitas has a surface area of 34 square miles (88.4 km2).

The terrain is mostly mountainous. Some of the peaks found in the municipality are La Torrecilla and Farallón. Barranquitas is also the site of the San Cristóbal Canyon.

Hurricane Maria

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Barranquitas with the significant amount of rainfall.[2][3]

Water features

The following rivers pass through Barranquitas: Río de Barranquitas, Río Grande de Manatí, Piñonas, Río Hondo, and Río Usabón.

There are 14 bridges in Barranquitas.[4]

Barrios

Subdivisions of Barranquitas.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Barranquitas is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[5][6][7][8]

Energy consortium

An Energy Consortium was signed in late February, 2019 by Villalba, Orocovis, Morovis, Ciales and Barranquitas municipalities. The consortium is the first of its kind for the island. It is intended to have municipalities work together to safeguard and create resilient, and efficient energy networks, with backups for their communities.[10]

Tourism

Landmarks

Barranquitas is the burial place of two prominent Puerto Rican politicians, Luis Muñoz Rivera (who was born in town) and his son, Governor Luis Muñoz Marín (who was born in San Juan). This has made Barranquitas a popular tourist attraction among Puerto Ricans. The birthplace of Muñoz Rivera has been turned into a museum. The mausoleum of the Muñoz Rivera family is another place of interest. Among those buried are Muñoz Rivera and his son and daughter-in-law, Luis Muñoz Marín, and his second wife Inés Mendoza de Muñoz.

Other known places of interest in Barranquitas are the San Cristóbal Canyon, and the ruins of Hacienda Margarita. El Cortijo Castle is an old, historical structure, which is currently a museum. Also, Camp Morton is a popular spot for activities and retirements.

Culture

National Artisans Fair in the town's plaza in 2008

Festivals and events

Mural says "a country without art is a country without culture" in Barranquitas.

Among the annual festivities celebrated in Barranquitas are: Festival del Apio (The Apio Festival) held in April. The apio (from the legume Apios tuberosa / Apios Americana) is a plant in the celery family. Festival de la Vega is held in May. The festival held in honor of Saint Anthony of Padua, the town's patron saint, is held in June. The annual Artisans Fair, which has been held in Puerto Rico for over 50 years is held in June.

Sports

Barranquitas has no professional sports teams, but there are some amateur sports teams based in the city. The most popular amateur sport is baseball. The team of Barranquitas is known as the "Proceres" (is an adjective for an important person in history)due to the fact that the town has been the birthplace for many historical figures. The other popular sport is the volleyball.

Economy

Agriculture

Tobacco growing in vicinity of Barranquitas, Puerto Rico (1941)

Some of the crops grown in Barranquitas are coffee, fruits, and vegetables. The main crop in Barranquitas is the Apio. The Apio is a root vegetable (from the legume Apios tuberosa / Apios Americana), and it is eaten like potatoes. Not to be confused with celeriac.

Industry

Barranquitas manufacturers include footwear and clothing.

Special Communities Program

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[11] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[12] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[13][14] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Barranquitas: El Amparo neighborhood, Cañabón barrio, La Vega neighborhood, Calle Abajo (Calle Melitón Pérez), La Loma, La Torre, Los Pinos, Quebrada Grande barrio, and Tres Caminos.[15]

Demographics

Many of the Puerto Ricans born in the town are known to have light-colored eyes and have strong European features. Some also have an apparent mestizo look to them. The reason for this phenomenon is due to the migration of many Taino Indians during the Spanish colonization. Many Tainos fled to the mountainous region to escape slavery. Many poor Spanish and other European immigrants moved to this region as well and settled as coffee growers. Eventually, the Taino and European immigrants intermarried and created what is called the "mestizo".

Government

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Barranquitas is Francisco López, of the New Progressive Party (PNP). He was elected at the 1996 general elections, and re-elected for the last 4 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[21]

Education

All schools in Puerto Rico are administered by the Puerto Rico Department of Education. The schools located in Barranquitas are the following:[22]

School Level Ward Public Location(s) Coords
Escuela La Torre K-6 Cañabón Yes Carr 770 km 2 (mile marker 1.2) Hm 1 (yard marker 110) Sector La Torre

18°12?25?N 66°20?18?W / 18.207048°N 66.338311°W / 18.207048; -66.338311 (Escuela La Torre)

Escuela Cañabón Abajo K-6 Barrancas Yes Carr 172
Escuela Mana Abajo K-6 Barrancas Yes Carr 771 km 9 (mile marker 5.6) Hm 2 (yard marker 220) Sector Mana Abajo

18°14?09?N 66°18?22?W / 18.235955°N 66.306095°W / 18.235955; -66.306095 (Escuela Mana Abajo)

Escuela El Portón K-6 Honduras Yes Carr 156 km 17 (mile marker 11) Hm 7 (yard marker 770) Sector El Portón

18°11?29?N 66°18?23?W / 18.191368°N 66.306278°W / 18.191368; -66.306278 (Escuela El Portón))

Escuela El Farallón K-6 Quebradillas Yes Carr 152 km 7 (mile marker 4.3) Hm 6 (yard marker 660)

18°14?16?N 66°17?36?W / 18.237845°N 66.293371°W / 18.237845; -66.293371 (Escuela El Farallón)

Escuela Sinforoso Aponte K-6 Quebradillas Yes Carr 152 km 7 (mile marker 4.3) Hm 6 (yard marker 660)

18°12?45?N 66°17?27?W / 18.212475°N 66.290946°W / 18.212475; -66.290946 (Escuela Sinforoso Aponte))

Escuela Petroamérica Pagán K-6 Pueblo Yes Calle Muñoz Rivera #14

18°11?11?N 66°18?27?W / 18.186292°N 66.307554°W / 18.186292; -66.307554 (Escuela Petroamérica Pagán)

Escuela La Vega (Stephen S. Huse) K-6 Pueblo Yes Carr 771 km 0 (mile marker 0) Hm 3 (yard marker 330) Bda La Vega

18°11?24?N 66°18?54?W / 18.190083°N 66.315011°W / 18.190083; -66.315011 (Escuela La Vega (Stephen S. Huse))

Escuela S.U. Palo Hincado (Federico Degetau) K-9 Palo Hincado Yes Carr 156 km 11 (mile marker 6.8) Hm 4 (yard marker 440)

18°11?23?N 66°20?34?W / 18.189742°N 66.342675°W / 18.189742; -66.342675 (Escuela S.U. Palo Hincado (Federico Degetau))

Escuela S.U. La Loma (Antonio Vázquez Ramos) K-9 Quebrada Grande Yes Carr 156 km 20 (mile marker 12) Hm 1 (yard marker 110)

18°11?04?N 66°16?40?W / 18.184485°N 66.277771°W / 18.184485; -66.277771 (Escuela S.U. La Loma (Antonio Vázquez Ramos))

Escuela S.U. Helechal K-9 Helechal Yes Carr 162 km 7 (mile marker 4.3) Hm 4 (yard marker 440)

18°10?09?N 66°18?53?W / 18.169233°N 66.314842°W / 18.169233; -66.314842 (Escuela S.U. Helechal)

Escuela S.U. Lajitas (Ramon T Rivera) K-9 Barrancas Yes Carr 771 km 5 (mile marker 3.1) Hm 4 (yard marker 440)

18°13?26?N 66°18?48?W / 18.223767°N 66.31327°W / 18.223767; -66.31327 (Escuela S.U. Lajitas (Ramon T Rivera))

Escuela Pedro Laboy 7-9 Quebradillas Yes Carr 152 km 6 (mile marker 3.7) Hm 5 (yard marker 550)

18°13?49?N 66°17?06?W / 18.23034°N 66.284873°W / 18.23034; -66.284873 (Escuela Pedro Laboy)

Escuela José Berríos Berdecia 7-9 Pueblo Yes Calle Melitón Pereles

18°11?16?N 66°18?33?W / 18.187759°N 66.309088°W / 18.187759; -66.309088 (Escuela José Berríos Berdecia)

Escuela Pablo Colón Berdecia (Superior Vocational) 10-12 Pueblo Yes Calle Barcelo Final

18°11?11?N 66°18?05?W / 18.186302°N 66.301289°W / 18.186302; -66.301289 (Escuela Pablo Colón Berdecia (Superior Vocational))

Escuela Luis Muñoz Marín (Superior Commerce) 10-12 Quebradillas Yes Calle A Sector Nuevo

18°11?30?N 66°18?28?W / 18.191551°N 66.307908°W / 18.191551; -66.307908 (Escuela Luis Muñoz Marín (Superior Commerce))

San Francisco de Asís School K-9 Helechal No Carr 719 km 2 (mile marker 1.2) Hm 5 (yard marker 550) Sector Hoya Honda

18°10?05?N 66°18?34?W / 18.168068°N 66.30937°W / 18.168068; -66.30937 (San Francisco School)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Barranquitas Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Barranquitas Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Map of Barranquitas at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved .
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ Vazquez, Priscilla. "Asociación de Industriales de Puerto Rico". Industriales Puerto Rico.
  11. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  20. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2012-11-27 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links


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