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Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: ‎, also romanized as Basm; also known as Busm and Bism)[2] is a city in and capital of the Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382, in 1,997 families.[3]

Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami.[4] The Alborz are to the north of the town.

The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá ?Alíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.[5]

A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.[6]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291.
  5. ^ Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9.
  6. ^ R. N. Frye, "Bism" Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).

External links

  • Bayazid Shrine Complex at ArchNet. [1]
  • Friday Mosque at ArchNet. [2]
  • Tomb Tower at ArchNet. [3]

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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