Battle of Nanking (1856)
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Battle of Nanking 1856
First rout of the Jiangnan Battalion
DateLate May, 1856 - early August, 1856 (Determined battle from June 16 to June 20)
Nanjing oudside and Jiangbei(), China
Result Taiping victory
South eastern China ceded to the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom[clarification needed]
Qing dynasty Qing Dynasty Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Qing dynasty Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong
Qing dynasty Second Class Senior General Her Chyun
Qing dynasty Lieutenant General:Zhang GuoLiang
Yang Xiuqing
Qin Rigang
Shi Dakai
Li Xiucheng
80,000 Green Standard Army 460,000 militia forces
Casualties and losses
39,000 killed or wounded
Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong (suicide)
Governor of Jiangsu Jeer Hungar (?) KIA by artillery bomb

The First rout of the Jiangnan Battalion (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) took place between 1853 and 1856[1] when the Qing government raised the Green Standard Army to fight against the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The action involved Qing forces surrounding the city of Nanking, the capital of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.

First rout of the Jiangnan Army Group

After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom militia successfully occupied Nanking in the southern territory of Jiangnan, within ten days First Class Senior Gen. Xiang Rong, in command of 10,000 Green Standard Army troops, surrounded the walls of the city. The remnants of the former Qing garrison defending Nanjing were barricaded outside city walls inside the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum.

Alongside Xiang Rong, the Green Standard Army was led by Second Class Senior Gen. Her Chyun and Lt. Gen. Zhang Guoliang. The leaders of the Taiping forces were Shi Dakai, Yang Xiuqing, Qin Rigang() and Li Xiucheng.[2]

The regular Army numbered 80,000 troops and the Taiping Rebellion militia force had 460,000 men.


On June 1 the Nanjing army tried to stop Taiping forces but Governor of Jiangsu Jeer Hungar(?), the Mayor of Nanjing and their entire army of 7,800 were totally wiped out.

The Qing army lost another battle later in the month and the remaining 36,000 troops retreated north. On August 9 Xiang Rong committed suicide by hanging himself, although others claimed he had a fatal overdose of opium due to the pain of his battle wounds in Danyang.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Tucker, Spencer (2017). The Roots and Consequences of Civil Wars and Revolutions: Conflicts That Changed World History. Santa Barbara, California: ProQuest. pp. 225, 228. ISBN 9781440842948.
  2. ^ Wacks, Gabriel (2018). "All Under Heaven: The Royal Court of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom" (PDF). Retrieved 2018.

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