Battle of Urumqi (1870)
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Battle of Urumqi 1870
Battle of Ürümqi (1870)
Part of the Dungan Revolt (1862-77)
Result Kashgaria victory
Kashgaria (Turki Muslim Rebels) Chinese muslim rebels (Tungans)
Commanders and leaders
Yaqub Beg
Xu Xuegong
Tuo Ming (Daud Khalifa)
Thousands of Turkic Andijani Uzbek muslim troops
1,500 Han Chinese militia
Thousands of Chinese Muslim troops

The Battle of Ürümqi was a battle waged by Yaqub Beg's Turkic kingdom of Kashgaria against Chinese Muslim rebels in Ürümqi in a bid to conquer all of Xinjiang and subjugate Chinese Muslims under his control.


Yaqub Beg's Turkic Andijani Uzbek Muslim forces declared a Jihad against Chinese Muslims (Dungans) under T'o Ming (Tuo Ming a.k.a. Daud Khalifa) during the Dungan Revolt. Yaqub Beg enlisted non Muslim Han Chinese militia under Xu Xuegong (Hsu Hsuehkung) in order to fight against the Chinese Muslims.[1][2] Yaqub Beg had 1,500 Han Chinese militia with his Turkic forces attacking Dungans in Urumchi. The following year, in 1871, the Han Chinese militia switched sides and then joined the Dungans in a revolt against the Turkic forces.[3] T'o Ming's forces were defeated by Yaqub, who planned to conquer Dzungharia. Yaqub intended to seize all Dungan territory.[4][5][6]


  1. ^ James A. Millward (2007). Eurasian crossroads: a history of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-231-13924-1. Retrieved .
  2. ^ John King Fairbank (1978). The Cambridge History of China: Late Ch?ing, 1800-1911, pt. 2. Cambridge University Press. pp. 224-. ISBN 978-0-521-22029-3.
  3. ^ Ho-dong Kim (2004). Holy war in China: the Muslim rebellion and state in Chinese Central Asia, 1864-1877. Stanford University Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-8047-4884-5. Retrieved .
  4. ^ John King Fairbank; Kwang-ching Liu; Denis Crispin Twitchett (1980). Late Ch'ing, 1800-1911. Cambridge University Press. p. 223. ISBN 0-521-22029-7. Retrieved .
  5. ^ John King Fairbank; Kwang-ching Liu; Denis Crispin Twitchett (1980). Late Ch'ing. Cambridge University Press. p. 224. ISBN 0-521-22029-7. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Cyril E. Black; Louis Dupree; Elizabeth Endicott-West; Eden Naby (1991). The Modernization of Inner Asia. M.E. Sharpe. p. 45. ISBN 0-87332-779-9. Retrieved .

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