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Bayside is a neighborhood in the New York Cityborough of Queens. The neighborhood is in the eastern section of Flushing and is part of Queens Community Board 11.CNN Money ranked Bayside as one of the most expensive housing markets nationally when analyzing comparable detached homes throughout the United States. Despite its large housing stock of free-standing homes, it nationally ranks high to very high in population density. These homes give the neighborhood a similar feel to other wealthy Queens neighborhoods such as Douglaston, Whitestone and Little Neck.
Bayside's history dates back to 2000 B.C.E., when the MatinecockNative Americantribe first settled there. In the late 17th century, the area was settled by English colonists. By the middle of the 18th century, early settlers left their homes in Flushing and developed a farming community, Bay Side. During the Revolutionary War, the Bayside-Little Neck area suffered from raids by whaleboatmen from the Connecticut shores. In the 19th century Bayside was still mostly farmland. Middle 20th century urban sprawl in New York City, with the help of more convenient and accessible transportation, led to its development.
During the 1920s, many actors and actresses, such as Rudolph Valentino, lived in Bayside. At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century Bayside saw an influx of people associated with the theater and movie industries. The town was then established as a colony for stage and screen stars. When rumors ran rampant through the acting community that Bayside would be the location of a new movie and production studio, many actors purchased homes in anticipation of an easy commute to the studio. However, this rumored studio never materialized. When Hollywood emerged as the capital of the movie industry during the 1920s, many actors left Bayside to pursue careers in California.
Bayside was the site of a murder by Peter Hains, a prominent army officer, abetted by his brother, sea novelist Thornton Jenkins Hains, who gunned down prominent editor William Annis at his yacht club in 1908. The so-called "Regatta Murder" led to a widely publicized trial at the Flushing County Courthouse. Peter Hains was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to eight years at Sing Sing, while Thornton Hains was acquitted.
Bayside remains one of the safest and wealthiest neighborhoods in the borough of Queens. However, Bayside has been the setting to several organized crime incidents.
Michael Pappadio, of Bayside, was a mobster who worked for the Lucchese crime family in secrecy from his wife. He managed the Lucchese family's interests in the Garment District of Manhattan. In 1989, upon a falling out with his superiors, he was murdered at a bagel shop called the Crown Bagel, on Rockaway Boulevard in South Ozone Park. His wife subsequently reported Michael as missing. Three years later the FBI presented her with information about his death and his life in organized crime.
Bayside is bordered by the Bronx to the north across the Long Island Sound and Douglaston Manor across the Little Neck Bay. The eastern land border is the Cross Island Parkway and Douglaston; the western is Francis Lewis Boulevard/Utopia Parkway and Auburndale; the southern is Long Island Expressway and Oakland Gardens. The neighborhood of Bayside Hills is itself a newer subdivision within Bayside.
Bayside Gables is a privately owned gated community located near the Bay Terrace shopping center and the Little Neck Bay. Arguably one of the wealthiest areas in Queens (along with Forest Hills Gardens, Malba, Holliswood, Jamaica Estates, and Douglaston Manor), homes in this community can sell for as high as 4 million dollars.
Bayside Hills is a subdivision of Bayside's south side, bordered by 48th Ave to the north, the Long Island Expressway to the south, 211th Street to the west, and Springfield Boulevard on the east. The homes in Bayside Hills have more value and are more upscale, many of which were built by Gross Morton.
Bayside Hills is known for its thirty-three street malls and accents, especially the gatehouse (Bell Boulevard at 48th street), gateposts (48th Avenue from 216th Street) and Bayside Hills Street Clock (50th Avenue and 215th Street). The Victorian style street clock sits upon the Leo Green Clock Mall, dedicated to the local civic activist. Further east, Captain William C Dermody Triangle Park (48 Avenue and 216 Street) memorializes Dermody's abolitionism and service in the Civil War, leading him to be mortally wounded at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Much of the public green space is maintained by the NYC Parks Department and the Bayside Hills Civic Association.
The zip code 11364 is shared with Oakland Gardens.
Aerial view of Bay Terrace, with the Throgs Neck Bridge crossing the East River to the Bronx in the north
Bay Terrace is an affluent neighborhood often considered part of the larger area of Bayside. The area encompasses gated cooperative/condominium developments such as the Bay Club and Baybridge Condominium. Other cooperative/condominium developments include the Towers at Waters Edge, the Kennedy Street Quad, the Bayside Townhouse Condominiums, Bay Country Owners, Bell Owners and others. The gated estate community of the "Bayside Gables" is also located within the Bay Terrace neighborhood, being the site of some of the only single family homes in the area. Bay Terrace overlooks the East River and the approaches to the Throgs Neck Bridge from the Clearview Expressway and Cross Island Parkway. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 7 and Queens Community Board 11, and is located within ZIP code 11360, bounded on the west by the Clearview Expressway, on the south by 26th Avenue and 28th Avenue, and to the east and north by the Little Neck Bay and Little Bay (which are a cove of the East River and a neighborhood, respectively). The civic organization serving Bay Terrace is the Bay Terrace Community Alliance (BTCA).
In 1639, Dutch Governor Willem Kieft (1597-1647) purchased the land that today encompasses Queens County from the Matinecock. William Lawrence (1622-1680), who served as a magistrate under Dutch and English administrations, was granted a parcel of land by King Charles II in 1645 that included a large portion of what is today Bayside, in addition to College Point, Whitestone, and Fort Totten. Bayside began its course of development from an agricultural community to a suburb when the North Shore Railroad was extended in 1866. During the following several decades, the Bayside Land Association purchased farms for development. Bay Terrace, originally included within the bounds of Bayside, remained composed of farms and large estates until the 1950s, when Cord and Charles Meyer sold their 225-acre (0.91 km2) farm for development. By 1952, residential development of Bay Terrace Sections 1-12 began and continued into the mid-1960s. The Bay Terrace at Bayside Shopping Center was built in the 1950s.
The New York City Department of City Planning conducted a transportation study of Bay Terrace in 2004. Findings included parking and intersection issues, including poor access to the Cross Island Parkway. Eventually, a median will be constructed along the length of 212th street, with increased access to the Cross Island Parkway near the Baybridge Commons Shopping Center and reconstruction of the existing entrance and exit ramps. The Bay Terrace at Bayside Shopping Center plans on adding new storefronts to their plaza. including World Kitchen; Aéropostale; and PM Pediatrics, a state-of-the-art pediatric emergency care facility.
Bay Terrace has the ZIP code 11360. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the estimated 2010 median family income for the census tract encompassing the Bay Terrace area of New York City (997.02) is $95,868. The current population of Bay Terrace, Queens, New York City is 13,392 while the population density is 14,683.8 per square mile. The median home value of the area is $1,253,000. The median age of individuals residing in 11360 is 48.9 years.
After the MTA began extending the and trains of the IRT Flushing Line westward into Manhattan in 2007, the 2012 fiscal year Community District Needs of Queens report suggests extending the line eastward in order to relieve congestion in Downtown Flushing. The report states: "It's time for residents and businesses of East Flushing, Bayside, and maybe some parts of Douglaston to share in freeing Downtown Flushing from this growing problem." It should be noted the original plan for the line in 1935 was to have it end, not in Flushing, but Bell Boulevard near Northern Boulevard.
Local data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (based on samples from 2005 to 2009) shows that the demographics of Bayside changes significantly from area to area. For example, the pocket bordered by the Clearview Expressway to the west, Northern Boulevard to the north, Bell Boulevard to the east, and 48th avenue to the south is 40% Asian, 31% Hispanic, 19% Black and 13% White. Other areas can be up to 71% majority White, mostly inhabited by those of Italian, Greek, and Irish descent.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Bayside-Bayside Hills was 43,808, a decrease of 563 (1.3%) from the 44,371 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,857.24 acres (751.60 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 23.6 inhabitants per acre (15,100/sq mi; 5,800/km2).
As of the 2000 Census, Whites made up 65.6% of Bayside's population. Of people from this group, Italian Americans, Irish Americans, and Greek Americans were the largest ethnic groups representing 17.6, 12.4, and 7.3% of the population respectively. German Americans made up 6.7% of the population while Polish Americans were 3.5% of the populace. In addition, there is a large Asian American population as well. Around the mid-1990s, a significant number of Korean families began moving into the area. As of the 2000 Census, Asian Americans made up a significant 22.7% of the neighborhood's population, most of whom were Korean Americans, who made up 10.4% of the population and Chinese Americans, who made up 9.2% of the populace. There is a small African American community representing 4.5% of Bayside's population. American Indians made up a mere 0.2% of the neighborhood's population. Pacific Islander Americans were almost nonexistent in the neighborhood as there were only seven individuals of this ethnic group residing in Bayside at the 2000 Census. Multiracial individuals made up 3.2% of the population. Hispanics or Latinos made up 11.8% of Bayside's population with a small Puerto Rican population representing 2.6% of the neighborhood's population. In terms of nativity, 65.6% of the populace was native and 34.4% was foreign-born. In terms of language, 52.9% of the population aged 5 years and over spoke only the English language at home with the remaining 47.1% speaking a language other than English. Due to the large Hispanic community, 10.4% of Bayside's population spoke the Spanish language at home. Also, due to a large community of foreign-born European Americans, 15.2% speak an Indo-European language other than Spanish at home. And in part of the significant Asian American community, 20.7% of the population speak an Asian language at home. The northern part of Bayside, including Bay Terrace, has a large concentration of European Americans, particularly people of Italian heritage. The southern and eastern portions of Bayside have a more ethnically diverse population.
Bayside contains 11,439 housing units. The majority of Bayside's residents are part of family households representing 67.0% of all households with an average household size of 2.59. The median age of Bayside's residents is 38.3 years and 15.0% of residents are over 65 years of age. 83.8% of residents age 25 and over have at least graduated from high school, while 35.0% have a bachelor's degree or higher, making Bayside a more educated community than other American communities.
Bayside is part of the New York City Department of Education's district 26, the highest performing school district for grades K-9 in all of New York City. The district includes 20 elementary schools and 5 middle schools. District 25 also serves part of the neighborhood.
Fort Totten, New York - A fort built during the Civil War to guard the north entrance to New York Harbor, along with Fort Schuyler in the Bronx, in 1862.
Straiton-Storm Cigar Factory - Built c. 1872, the factory was the largest cigar manufacturer in America. The three-story wood frame building was of the French Second Empire style. After a large warehouse fire in late 1976, the factory was refurbished to its original state.
All Saints Episcopal Church - Built in 1892 as one of the first churches constructed in Bayside, the building contains examples of Louis Comfort Tiffany's work.
Cornell-Appleton house at 214-33 33rd Road. Archibald Cornell's wife inherited the 100-acre (0.40 km2) farm from her father more than 160 years ago. This twelve-room house is thought to be one of the oldest in Bayside. With past and continuing research, it has been traced back to 1852. In 1905, the house was sold to Edward Dale Appleton, of the Appleton Publishing Company. Mrs. Appleton and her sister were passengers aboard the RMS Titanic when it hit an iceberg and sank. Both women were rescued by the ship Carpathia. This is the second-oldest home in Queens.
Corbett House, 221-04 Corbett Road, the home of world champion boxer "Gentleman Jim" Corbett from 1902 until his death in 1933, and of his widow Vera until her death in 1959.
38-39 214th Place, home of Charles Johnson Post (1873-1956), a government official, artist, and political cartoonist whose posthumously published The Little War of Private Post (1960) is one of the classic accounts of the Spanish-American War of 1898.
"Authors House", an attached two-family house with the double addresses of 46-02 215th Street and 214-30 46th Avenue, which has been the home of more authors than any other building in Bayside.
Gloria Swanson's home, 216-07 40th Avenue, was the home of the silent film actress.
Rudolph Valentino's home, 201-10 Cross Island Parkway, was where Valentino, an Italian actor, sex symbol, and early pop icon, lived. It was also once home to Fiorello LaGuardia, the mayor of New York City from 1934-1945. In 1993, the building was converted into a two-floor restaurant/banquet hall named Cafe on the Green. The eatery shut down in January 2009 when the city Parks Department forced out the former operators amid reports of mob ties and sloppy finances. The site's new concessionaire, Friendship Restaurant Group, began a $4 million renovation project February 1, 2009. The new restaurant, Valentino's on the Green, opened on September 8, 2010.
The movie Sally of the Sawdust (1925) was filmed in Bayside.
Bayside is featured in a 1997 episode of NYPD Blue titled "Taillight's Last Gleaming". NYPD Lieutenant Arthur Fancy is pulled over driving through Bayside with his wife, by two NYPD officers assigned to a Bayside precinct, for reasons that appear to be racially motivated. Fancy then has the senior officer transferred out of his predominantly white precinct in Bayside to a predominantly black precinct in Brooklyn North as punishment.
The character Adrian Cronauer played by Robin Williams in the movie Good Morning, Vietnam is from Bayside, Queens. When asked "What are Queens?", Cronauer responds: "Tall thin men who like show tunes."
The movie Pride and Glory had several scenes filmed in Bayside, including the family dinner set in Edward Norton's father's house.
An episode of The White Shadow was in part filmed in Bayside. They used Bayside High School, the Bell Blvd. bridge over the Long Island Railroad and the front of De Rolf's Stationery Store for some dialogue scenes.
The opening scene in the movie The Devil's Advocate was filmed at Pier 25A, a seafood restaurant in Bayside.
The driveby murder scene where Philip Seymour Hoffman and his brother rob their parents' jewelry store (Alicia's Jewelers in Bay Terrace) and accidentally kill them is filmed in Bay Terrace (in the 2007 film Before the Devil Knows You're Dead).
Peggy Adler (born 1942), author & illustrator of children's books; investigative researcher; Police Commissioner.
^Schneider, Daniel B. "F.Y.I.", The New York Times, October 17, 1999. Accessed December 7, 2017. "In the 1860's, the Manhattan firm Straiton & Storm was one of the largest manufacturers of hand-rolled cigars in the United States. Frederic Storm joined his brother, George, in the firm in 1865, as its treasurer, and the prosperous brothers later settled near the breezy shores of Little Neck Bay, in Bayside, Queens. Around 1872, Frederic Storm arranged for the purchase of the land east of what is now Bell Boulevard, south of the Long Island Rail Road tracks and north of Northern Boulevard, and built a three-story cigar factory in the French Second Empire style on the northeast corner of Bell Boulevard and 43d Avenue."
^Walsh, Kevin. "A Little-Known Treasure at All Saints Episcopal Church in Bayside", Brownstoner, November 19, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2017. "Local historian Joan Brown Wettingfield: 'Built in 1892, this beautiful church is not only one of Bayside's earliest, but contains local examples of reputed works executed by Louis Comfort Tiffany in his Queens studio located in Corona from 1893 to 1924.'"
^Walsh, Kevin. "Is Queens' Oldest Dwelling in Bayside?", Brownstoner, November 22, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2017. "It resembles many of the homes in the area, but renovations over the years have changed the original appearance of the Cornell-Appleton House, which some have called Queens' oldest private dwelling, at 33rd Road and 214th Place. A Queens Historical Society marker says it dates to 1790. However, additional research places the houses's construction in 1852 -- venerable, but not as aged as, say, the Lent-Riker House in Jackson Heights or the Onderdonk House in Ridgewood."
^Nagler, Barney. "Gentleman In The House On Corbett Road", The New York Times, September 1, 1985. Accessed December 7, 2017. "'There is this house in Bayside,' he explained, stressing the reason for his visit, 'in which Corbett, a great heavyweight champion, lived from 1902 to 1933. That's where he died. The address is 221-04 Corbett Road.'"
^Kusmierz, Marvin. "Rolf Armstrong (1889-1960)", Bay-Journal, November 2002. Accessed June 17, 2007. "After completing his studies in Chicago, Rolf moved to New York where the best opportunities were for finding work as an artist. He set up a studio in Manhattan where he was able to earn enough income for a comfortable living. He purchased a home near Little Neck Bay in Bayside."
^Staff. "John T. Flynn, 81, Rightist, Is Dead", The New York Times, April 14, 1964. Accessed December 31, 2016. "John T. Flynn, the hardy polemicist who as columnist, lecturer, writer and radio commentator became one of the country's best known advocates of the ultraconservative cause, died today in Brunswick Hospital Center.The 81-year-old journalist and economist, who had been living in Bayside, Queens, died after a long illness."
^ abTierney, John. "Darwin the Comedian. Now That's Entertainment!", The New York Times, February 9, 2009. Accessed July 1, 2016. "In 1953, two sixth graders in Bayside, Queens, became best friends after they discovered their shared passions for Gilbert & Sullivan operas, dinosaurs, the American Museum of Natural History and Charles Darwin.... Fossilface grew up to become an evolutionary biologist better known as Stephen Jay Gould."
^George Grosz, Heckscher Museum of Art. Accessed December 7, 2017. "Born in Berlin, Grosz was a leading member of the Dada movement there and later painted many caustic works criticizing the rise of Nazism. Like many artists who fled Europe, Grosz immigrated to the United States, settling in Bayside, Queens in 1933 and teaching at the Art Students League in New York."
^Staff. "Helmy Kresa, Songwriter, 86", The New York Times, August 23, 1991. Accessed December 7, 2017. "Helmy Kresa, a songwriter and the principal arranger and orchestrator for Irving Berlin, died on Monday at Southampton Hospital on Long Island. He was 86 years old and lived in Bayside, Queens."
^Creswell, Julie; Thomas, Landon (January 24, 2009). "The Talented Mr. Madoff". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved 2016. "...the first home Mr. Madoff shared with his bride was a modest, one-bedroom apartment in Bayside, Queens."
^"Singer Neil Turbin Talks About Anthrax Years", MetalUnderground.com, February 26, 2007. Accessed December 7, 2017. "Scott and Danny Lilker came over to my house in Bayside, NY and we then proceeded to play demos and live tapes for each other."