Beheira Governorate subdivisions
Beheira Governorate on the map of Egypt
|o Governor||Nadia Ahmed Abdou|
|o Total||9,826 km2 (3,794 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Beheira Governorate (Arabic: ? Mo?afzet el Bera, IPA: [mo'fzet elbe'?e:?æ], "the governorate of the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt. Located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, its capital is Damanhur.
Beheira Governorate enjoys an important strategical place, west of the Rosetta branch of the Nile. It comprises four important highways, namely the Cairo-Alexandria desert road, the Cairo agricultural road, the international road and the circular road. Beheira Governorate is also home to a number of the most important Coptic monasteries in Wadi El Natrun (Scetes).
Beheira consists of 13 centers and 14 cities, and contains important industries such as cotton, chemicals, carpets, electricity and fishing.
The governorate has a noteworthy number of archaeological sites, inclusively at Abu El Matamir, Abu Hummus, Damanhour, Rashid (Rosetta) and Kafr El Dawwar. Coins, lamps, animal bones and pottery from Roman and Byzantine eras are some of the archaeological finds discovered at Kom El Giza and Kom El Hamam in Beheira.
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.
The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 6,200,137. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu El Matamir||?||Ab? al-Mam?r||555,471||Markaz|
|Abu Hummus||?||Ab? ?ummu?||535,823||Markaz|
|Damanhour||Damanh?r||262,505||Kism (fully urban)|
|West Nubariyah||Gharb an-N?b?riyah||118,786||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Hosh Essa||? ?||?awsh '?s?||306,231||Markaz|
|Itay El Barud||? ?||Ity?y al-B?r?d||476,197||Markaz|
|Kafr El Dawwar||Kafr ad-Daww?r||304,258||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Kafr El Dawwar||?||Kafr ad-Daww?r||701,199||Markaz|
|Kom Hamada||?||Kawm ?am?dah||496,752||Markaz|
|Natrn Valley||? ? ?||Wadi an-Natrun||79,069||Markaz|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.5%. Out of an estimated 5,804,262 people residing in the governorate, 4,674,346 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 1,129,916 in urban areas.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in Beheira Governorate.